WASTEWATER DISINFECTION WHITE PAPERS & CASE STUDIES
The city of Orange in Orange County, Texas, is located about 100 miles east of Houston, Texas, and approximately 30 miles due north of the Gulf of Mexico. It is the state’s easternmost city and home to the Orange Waste Water Treatment Plant (WWTP). Located along the Sabine River, this municipal wastewater treatment plant with a peak capacity of 24 MGD serves 18,000 residents and comprises of the following unit processes: bar screens, grit removal, primary treatment, trickling filter followed by sedimentation and finally, UV disinfection. The Sabine River is 510 miles long and in its lower course, empties into Sabine Lake, which is an estuary of the Gulf of Mexico.
Reconditioned And Rehabbed Filters Succeed At Large Treatment Plant
A large treatment plant includes several treatment processes that contribute to providing quality recycled water pursuant to the state of California Title 22 regulations. Major treatment processes include raw wastewater pumping, preliminary treatment, primary treatment, secondary treatment, tertiary treatment with Parkson DynaSand® filters, and disinfection.
Dual Mixers Overcome Stratification And Prevent Ice Formation In Concrete Tank With Baffles
The climate in Southgate, Ontario, is considered cold and temperate with significant rainfall throughout the year. Temperatures in winter average around -10°C and can drop as low as -30°C to -40°C for brief periods of time, which can wreak havoc on the local water storage tanks and distribution piping. Read more to learn how the installation of PAX Mixers has kept the tanks free from ice and has shown an improvement in disinfectant residual levels.
Replacement Vacuum Liquid Feeder For Poly Aluminum Chloride Ends Feed Reliability Problem For SWTP
The Chief Operator for a surface water treatment plant (SWTP) reports that replacement of a troublesome vacuum liquid feeder for poly aluminum chloride (PACl), with a more advanced vacuum liquid feeder, ended the threat of a process upset for operations staff that was caused by the previous unit not being able to hold a constant feed rate. The ability to provide a consistent feed is needed as a key element in the plant pre-treatment process, which features turbidity reduction and clarification.
Removing Iron From Groundwater
In 2008 Texas was facing an extended drought and the City of San Angelo was weighing its alternatives. The City felt the Hickory Aquifer well field was the best water option available, but this water contained significant amounts of radium and iron.
One Million Gallons Of Wastewater Reused Daily To Irrigate Award-Winning Botanical Garden
The City of Silverton is known as Oregon’s Garden City and sends one million gallons a day of treated effluent to the Oregon Gardens, returning the remainder to Silver Creek.
Connecticut Water Utility Successfully Removes 45% Of Trihalomethanes (THMs) With Quick-Turnaround Clearwell Intervention
In the past several years, Aquarion Water Company had been monitoring their system’s THM formation and attempting to lower them through treatment and distribution system changes. Aquarion engineers decided that reducing THM formation in the Laurel High Service Clearwell at the Stamford Water Treatment Plant (WTP) would eliminate concerns of elevated THM formation in the distribution system served by the WTP.
Standardizing On-Site Hypochlorite Generation Disinfection Technology In Water And Wastewater Treatment Plants Increases Safety And Eases Operations
In late 2005, the City of Newberg, Oregon, decided to upgrade their water treatment plant disinfection process from gas chlorine to on-site hypochlorite generation (OSHG) in an effort to simplify operations and increase operator safety. The plant produced an average of 2.5 million gallons per day (MGD), with a peak capacity of 5 MGD.
On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Replaces Hazardous Cyanide In Precious Metal Extraction
The Baia Mare Aurul gold mine in North Western Romania suffered a historic catastrophe in January 2000, when its dam burst, streaming out 100,000 cubic meters of waste water, largely contaminated with cyanide, commonly used in the process of mining gold, into tributaries of the Tisza River, a major waterway in Hungary.
Polymer Activation Equipment Upgrade Yields Consistent Polymer Savings Of Over 13%
In an effort to lower operational costs and extend the life of the dewatering centrifuge, operators in Springboro, OH, began to look at the polymer activation equipment in use at the plant. The Polyblend® M-Series emulsion polymer activation systems had been in steady operation for over 10 years. The equipment still performed reliably, but operators were interested in ways to achieve greater efficiency. They were aware of the new Polyblend® Magnum mix chamber, with its enhanced two-zone mixing energy.
Pure Oxygen Injection Into A Pipeline
The Hagerstown Wastewater Treatment Plant in Maryland incorporated several plant modifications, one of which was the conversion of their disinfection process from the use of ozone to UV.
The Lariana Depur wastewater treatment plant in Fino Mornasco, Italy, treats wastewater from multiple textile manufacturers in the Como region, known as the heart of the textile industry. Since 1994, ozone has been used effectively as a polisher to remove the dark blue-purple color — the result of the dyes used in the textile dyeing and printing process — from the water.
ABOUT WASTEWATER DISINFECTION
Wastewater disinfection takes place after primary, secondary and sometimes tertiary wastewater treatment. It is typically a final step to remove organisms from the treated water before the effluent is released back into the water system. Disinfection prevents the spread of waterborne diseases by reducing microbes and bacterial numbers to a regulated level.
A variety of physical and chemical methods are used to disinfect wastewater prior to it being released into natural waterways. Historically, the chemical agent of choice for municipal wastewater treatment has been chlorine, due to its disinfecting properties and low cost. However, the rising cost of chlorine and concerns that low chlorine concentrations can still be toxic to fish and other wildlife, has given rise to more physical methods of wastewater disinfection being adopted such as ozonation or ultraviolet (UV) light.
The use of ozone as a disinfection agent has the added benefit of increasing the dissolved oxygen content of the treated wastewater. However, because the ozone has to be generated, ozonation can require prohibitive up-front capital expenditure compared to traditional chlorination. UV disinfection has been growing in popularity as a wastewater disinfection method, in large part because of the life-cycle economics of the equipment and the fact that, like ozone, there is no toxic residual.