DRINKING WATER TREATMENT

Desalinating Brackish Groundwater Eases Water Shortage
Desalinating Brackish Groundwater Eases Water Shortage

The city of Limassol in Cyprus was experiencing an increasingly severe water shortage, with the growing population and expanding tourist industry placing extra pressure on existing supply. An aquifer in a residential neighborhood was seen as a potential water source, but had high levels of salts and nitrates. The Cyprus Water Development Department (WDD) awarded Fluence a Build-Own-Transfer (BOT) contract to implement a cost-effective solution.

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

  • Drinking Water Plant Replaced 30 Year Old Carbon Steel Piping With PVC
    Drinking Water Plant Replaced 30 Year Old Carbon Steel Piping With PVC

    The city of Virovitica in Croatia is located near to the Hungarian border. Its water works company Virkom serves approximately 20.000 people daily with drinking water. In order to assure required European potable water standards, Virkom decided in 2008 to replace the existing old sand filtration units (total flow rate approx. 320 m³/h) by new ones.

  • Indirect Potable Reuse With UV-Oxidation - Big Spring, Texas (Case Study)
    Indirect Potable Reuse With UV-Oxidation - Big Spring, Texas (Case Study)

    In an effort to reduce reliance on dwindling surface and groundwater supplies in Texas, the Colorado River Municipal Water District (CRMWD) constructed a new Raw Water Production Facility (RWPF) in Big Spring. Big Spring is a 27,000-member community located in West Texas approximately 300 miles west of Dallas. This RWPF treats secondary wastewater to a standard that allows it to be re-introduced directly into the raw water supply for the water treatment plants of Big Spring, Odessa, and other communities in the region.

  • Case Study: Aquatech’s Seawater Reverse Osmosis Plant Succeeds In India
    Case Study: Aquatech’s Seawater Reverse Osmosis Plant Succeeds In India India’s first Ultra Mega Power Project (UMPP) at Mundra in Coastal Gujarat, a 4,000 MW coal-fired plant, is owned by Coastal Gujarat Power Limited (CGPL). CGPL will draw seawater from the Mundra coast for various utilities and for their main boiler. Aquatech has been awarded the contract for executing the 4,622 GPM (permeate) capacity seawater reverse osmosis plant (SWRO).
  • 5+1/2 Keys To Ozone Disinfection Success

    Ozone disinfection of water has been a common practice for nearly 100 years. By Thoram Charanda, Chief Scientist, Guardian Research & Development Labs and Louis LeBrun, PE, Vice President, Pinnacle Ozone Solutions, LLC

  • The Top 5 Problems That Hypochlorite Skid-Mounted Chlorination Systems Solve
    The Top 5 Problems That Hypochlorite Skid-Mounted Chlorination Systems Solve

    A self-contained hypochlorite skid-mounted chlorination system injecting sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) can solve (at least) 5 major problems afflicting many small commercial, industrial or community water systems.

  • Advanced Diagnostics of Thermal Mass Flow Meters
    Advanced Diagnostics of Thermal Mass Flow Meters

    Many thermal mass flow meters are of the insertion type. As a starting point, proper insertion depth and straight run per the manufacturer’s recommendations should be adhered to.

  • How To Clean, Inspect, And Calibrate pH Sensors

    Once a pH sensor is installed in the process and operating, how do you determine when it is time to take the sensor out of the process and do a cleaning, or a calibration? Does one perform both a cleaning and a calibration or just a cleaning, or just a calibration? By Fred Kohlmann - Analytical Product Business Manager

  • New Membrane Technology Handles High Solids, Aids Water Reuse
    New Membrane Technology Handles High Solids, Aids Water Reuse

    As global conditions place more stress on water resources, a great deal of attention is being paid to water reuse technologies, particularly those that facilitate the reuse of the next level of difficult-to-treat or highly variable raw water sources.

  • Think You Know ORP? Get 5 pH/ORP Measurement Tips
    Think You Know ORP? Get 5 pH/ORP Measurement Tips

    Water and wastewater treatment professionals are constantly looking for as much information as possible about the quality of their water. If knowledge is power, then understanding the properties of their water is key to running an effective and efficient facility.

  • Case Study: High Turbidity & Silt Density Index The refinery was using a competitive treatment program to clarify the river water for use in the cooling towers as make-up and for reverse osmosis units that supplied high pressure boiler water make-up.
More Drinking Water Treatment Case Studies and White Papers

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT APPLICATION NOTES

More Drinking Water Treatment Application Notes

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PRODUCTS

S Series S Series
Shelco’s sanitary series housings have been designed for the most critical and demanding applications requiring purity and durability
SuperSettler™ Featuring The ZICKERT Shark™ SuperSettler™ Featuring The ZICKERT Shark™
The efficient design of the SuperSettler™ Lamella Plate Clarifier utilizes lamella plates and shallow depth sedimentation to minimize the clarifier footprint.
TrojanUVSwift™ECT — Environmental Contaminant Treatment System TrojanUVSwift™ECT — Environmental Contaminant Treatment System

The TrojanUVSwift™ECT is a hydraulically optimized, polychromatic lamp-based UV reactor for use in the treatment of environmental contaminants. It is suitable for removing contaminants from large flow rates within a compact footprint.

AquaDiamond<sup>®</sup> Cloth Media Filtration System AquaDiamond® Cloth Media Filtration System

The AquaDiamond® filter, a new horizontal configuration for the Cloth Media Filter, has been produced. It utilizes PA-13 pile cloth as its filter media.

Aztec 600 Phosphate Analyzer Aztec 600 Phosphate Analyzer
The Aztec 600 Phosphate Analyzer AW636 has been designed specifically for the measurement of phosphate in both potable water and municipal wastewater effluents. It offers reliable and accurate on-line analysis of phosphate up to 50 ppm PO4.
Service, Training and Rentals Service, Training and Rentals

Siemens Process Instrumentation Service group provides a highly-skilled staff of competent, trained engineers and specialists to provide service and support.

More Drinking Water Treatment Products

LATEST INSIGHTS ON DRINKING WATER TREATMENT

  •  How To Improve Test Accuracy With The Latest Sampling Technology
    How To Improve Test Accuracy With The Latest Sampling Technology

    Sampling and laboratory testing are major responsibilities for water professionals. Test results are used for process control, and ultimately to determine that water is safe for drinking, reuse, or discharge to the environment. Regulatory agencies rely on reported results for proof of permit compliance. So, obtaining representative, properly collected and preserved samples is the first critical step to ensure accurate test results.

  • How To Save Costs With Simple, Effective Data Management
    How To Save Costs With Simple, Effective Data Management

    Water and wastewater utilities must monitor numerous aspects of their systems on a continuous basis. Various instruments are used to measure these processes, producing volumes of data every day. Endress+Hauser is a leading supplier of products and services for process measurement and automation. Water Online spoke with three of Endress+Hauser's experts to find out how data loggers and managers can save costs while providing effective data management. 

  • What Abbott And Costello Can Teach Us About Water
    What Abbott And Costello Can Teach Us About Water

    World Water Day (Thursday, March 22nd this year) does a great job of focusing our attention on water issues. And especially with storms on the East Coast and drought in the West, not to mention the looming possibility that officials will have to shut off the taps in Cape Town sometime this summer, a lot of the messaging around water is pretty much like being smothered in a wet blanket.

  • What Did Rural America Do To Deserve This?
    What Did Rural America Do To Deserve This?

    By now, just about everyone in the U.S. has heard about Flint, Michigan’s water woes. Despite the many issues raised by that incident, urban water systems are not the sole reason the 2017 Report Card from the American Society of Civil Engineers gives the U.S. drinking water infrastructure an overall “D” grade. Hidden within that disheartening rating are the harsh realities faced by rural water systems.

  • Naegleria Fowleri And The Hot Spring
    Naegleria Fowleri And The Hot Spring

    For many people, hot springs conjure up thoughts of cleansing and purity. For centuries, humans have visited hot springs to relax and recover. But as with any natural water body, hot springs can also exhibit biota that can infect and in severe cases kill.

  • 3 Dirty Little Secrets About Coriolis Flow Meters
    3 Dirty Little Secrets About Coriolis Flow Meters

    Ever since Coriolis flow measurement technology achieved mainstream appeal, industry has been fervently striving to take advantage of its benefits. And while Coriolis is clearly a highly advantageous solution for many crucial flow measurement applications, it is not without flaw.

More Drinking Water Treatment Insights

DRINKING WATER TREATMENT VIDEOS

Video: Monitoring Water Consumption Video: Monitoring Water Consumption
KROHNE's Joe Incontri discusses monitoring water consumption and the importance of accurate and reliable meters. Water savings means green savings.
TrojanUVTorrent™ Drinking Water UV Disinfection System (Video) TrojanUVTorrent™ Drinking Water UV Disinfection System (Video)

The TrojanUVTorrent™ is the solution for large-scale drinking water facilities in need of revolutionary UV disinfection technology.

Introducing EXO - A New, State-Of-The-Art Water Monitoring Platform Video Introducing EXO - A New, State-Of-The-Art Water Monitoring Platform Video

EXO, a state-of-the art water quality monitoring platform, is designed to address the many challenges of collecting accurate field data in the natural environment.

Earth Day Outreach: Insights On Water Conservation And Quality Earth Day Outreach: Insights On Water Conservation And Quality

"Wastewater Dan” talks with FOX 4 News Kansas City about drought conditions in California and procedures to conserve water in the home. He also demonstrates the use of a total dissolved solids (TDS) meter to test drinking water quality, and interprets the results.

Video: Variable Area Flowmeters Video: Variable Area Flowmeters
Variable area flowmeters from KROHNE offer not only the maximum possible accuracy but also maximum reliability.
More From Drinking Water Treatment Videos

ABOUT DRINKING WATER TREATMENT

Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.

The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.

The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.

During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.

Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.