In 2013, operators of the Tomball, Texas Wastewater Treatment Plant were facing increasing maintenance issues with three brush aerators operating in the plant's two-channel oxidation ditch. The aerator failures were threatening to compromise effluent quality and environmental compliance. Tomball needed replacements.
The Madison Metropolitan Sewerage District (MMSD) manages regional wastewater service for the Madison, Wisconsin area, providing wastewater collection and treatment for 43 municipal customers including cities, villages, and utility and sanitary districts.
The Chicago area is served by a combined sewer network that carries both raw sewage and storm water.
Wastewater treatment lagoons were originally facultative in design — shallow, single and multi-cell lagoon systems that counted on wind, sunlight, anaerobic bacteria, and time for the digestion of the organic components of the wastewater.
The City of Reno, NV, has long battled the buildup of fats, oils, and grease in the wetwells of wastewater lift stations in the valleys within this high desert city. Recently, the city set out to address the problem and reduce the associated costs.
The Cypress Creek WWTP in Florence, AL, uses an extended aeration activated sludge process with a design capacity of 20 million gallons per day (MGD). Cypress Creek serves mostly residential customers, but about 15 percent of its influent comes from industrial sources, and their discharge to the plant contains large amounts of fats, oils, and grease (FOG).
A WWTP facility in Indiana serves a six-square-mile area, and has historically experienced pronounced peak flows caused by nearly one-fourth of its collection system consisting of combined storm water and sanitary sewer lines.
For almost 50 years, CPS Energy of San Antonio has drawn water from the San Antonio River to recharge two man-made lakes that provide cooling water for their power plants.