WATER INSTRUMENTATION WHITE PAPERS & CASE STUDIES

How To Clean And Handle pH Sensors
How To Clean And Handle pH Sensors

For a pH sensor to maintain an accurate reading, the sensor must remain clean. Specifically, the glass measuring electrode cannot become coated, and the reference electrode assembly must not become coated, plugged or otherwise contaminated by the process solution. Here’s how to clean pH sensors to ensure correct operation.

  • Ultrasonic vs. Radar In The Water Industry
    Ultrasonic vs. Radar In The Water Industry

    In recent years, the debate about which technology is best suited for level monitoring and open channel monitoring (OCM) applications has taken some traction. There are those who argue that ultrasonic level technology has been uncontested as the standard for level and OCM applications in the water industry. The counter-argument is that radar technology is more effective because it is more robust and accurate than ultrasonic technology. 

  • Automatic In-Situ Verification Of Accuracy For CoriolisMaster Mass Flowmeters
    Automatic In-Situ Verification Of Accuracy For CoriolisMaster Mass Flowmeters

    Users often question whether their measuring devices are working properly and within specified measurement accuracy. The new CoriolisMaster flowmeter models by ABB include technology for integrated online diagnosis and accuracy verification. This technology constantly monitors the oscillating meter tube within the flowmeter for erosion and coating deposits.

  • The Eaton M-Max VFD Provides QuantumFlo With A Cost-Effective, Energy Efficient Solution
    The Eaton M-Max VFD Provides QuantumFlo With A Cost-Effective, Energy Efficient Solution

    Achieving consistent water pressure is a challenge for geographical areas that have grown faster than the development of infrastructures to accommodate water demand and for businesses such as fast food restaurants and strip malls.

  • Sheboygan Regional Wastewater Treatment Facility Prevents Energy Waste With Eaton’s Motor Insight
    Sheboygan Regional Wastewater Treatment Facility Prevents Energy Waste With Eaton’s Motor Insight

    To ensure real-time monitoring of pump motor status at its five lift pumping stations, Sheboygan Regional Wastewater Treatment Facility, Sheboygan, WI, replaced its bi-metallic overload relays with Eaton’s Motor Insight™ overload and monitoring relays.

  • Multi-Point Chlorination Process To Treat Raw Water Yields To A Multi-Barrier Chain Of Treatment Technologies
    Multi-Point Chlorination Process To Treat Raw Water Yields To A Multi-Barrier Chain Of Treatment Technologies

    For decades, a Winnipeg utility used a multiple point-chlorination process to treat raw water drawn from remote Shoal Lake. Concerns eventually arose about the potential presence of chlorine-resistant pathogens–Crytosporidium and Giardia–and residual disinfection byproducts, which coincided with encroaching development near the lake. The Clari-DAF system was selected and now removes 70 percent of the organics at the Winnipeg plant, which also improves filtration and extends the intervals between filter backwashes.

  • Worry-Free Water Metering With Advanced Electromagnetic Technology
    Worry-Free Water Metering With Advanced Electromagnetic Technology

    Accurate measurement of water consumption across a large metropolitan area is no easy task, but for a water company it can mean the difference between profitability and throwing money down the drain. That’s why City West Water, a major water supplier to residential, commercial and industrial sites in and around the city of Melbourne, Australia, has been working with Siemens for more than a decade to install SITRANS F M MAG 8000 electromagnetic water meters at high-consumption sites and in fire service applications.

  • A Guide To Eliminating Pipe Breaks
    A Guide To Eliminating Pipe Breaks

    Call it what you want, but a busted pipe spells nothing but T-R-O-U-B-L-E.

  • Meters Monitor Flow And Provide Pump Protection
    Meters Monitor Flow And Provide Pump Protection

    A Municipal Water Plant in the Southeast United States treats and supplies potable water to a large metropolitan area. Part of the process requires accurate flow measurement of the water from individual pumps to the main distribution system. Part of the process requires accurate flow measurement of the water from individual pumps to the main distribution system.

  • ORP And pH — What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You
    ORP And pH — What You Don’t Know Can Hurt You

    When I look back at 2016 one of the most significant trends I observed was the growing acceptance of ORP measurements, especially for monitoring disinfection. With one caveat, the ORP value measured in a solution provides an unambiguous measure of the disinfection efficacy.

  • United Water Solves Big Data Problem With Siemens Magnetic Flow Meter Technology
    United Water Solves Big Data Problem With Siemens Magnetic Flow Meter Technology

    United Water, a division of the global conglomerate Suez Environement, operates regulated water systems in eight states, and provides contract services to over five million people.

  • Automated Wireless Monitoring Of  Wastewater Collection Systems
    Automated Wireless Monitoring Of Wastewater Collection Systems

    Telog Instruments, Inc. offers a comprehensive remote monitoring system, Telogers, for wastewater collection system operators. Telogers provides an automated system of collecting, archiving, analyzing, presenting, reporting and sharing data from collection system remote assets such as flow meters, rain gauges, CSO/SSO surcharge sensors, lift stations, pretreatment water quality, air quality, and pressure sensors.

  • AMERICAN Pipe And Valves Ensure Georgia Project Flows With Ease
    AMERICAN Pipe And Valves Ensure Georgia Project Flows With Ease

    The estimated $30-million West Side Loop 48-inch Replacement Project is one of three capital projects being conducted by the Cobb County-Marietta Water Authority to provide additional water to western Cobb County and Paulding County in Georgia. For the project, a 48-year-old, 36-inch pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) that recently failed is being replaced with 48-inch ductile iron pipe.

Ozone Vent Gas For Aeration At Wastewater Plant Expansion In China
Ozone Vent Gas For Aeration At Wastewater Plant Expansion In China

The Jimo, China, municipal wastewater plant was originally designed to treat a combination of municipal and textile wastewater (120,000 m3/d) with Class IB effluent limits for BOD, COD, ESS, TN, NH3-N and TP.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION PRODUCTS

Singer™ Model 106 / 206 PGM-2PR-630-SM Pressure Management Valve With Integral Backup Singer™ Model 106 / 206 PGM-2PR-630-SM Pressure Management Valve With Integral Backup

A simple valve package that saves both water and money, the Model 106 / 206 PGM-2PR-630-SM is an extension of the 2PR-630 pressure management valve with safety back-up.

TU5400 And TU5500 Process Turbidimeters (Turbidity) TU5400 And TU5500 Process Turbidimeters (Turbidity)

The TU5 Series employs a patented optical design that sees more of your sample than any other turbidimeter, delivering the best low level precision and sensitivity while minimizing variability from test to test.

Introducing Capital Controls® MicroChem®3 Introducing Capital Controls® MicroChem®3

From the experts in chlorine management comes a multi-parameter water analysis system offering both chlorine measurement and control in one versatile instrument. Tailor the modular MicroChem®3 to your individual application with up to three measurement parameters. Designed with extensive customer input, the easy and innovative system includes an intuitive touchscreen display, menu-driven software to easily guide users through set-up and operation, and a USB interface for software updates and data log downloads.

Degas Separators And Degas Relief Valves Degas Separators And Degas Relief Valves

The GDT™ Degas Separator is a patented centrifugal vortex unit that separates entrained and stripped gases from liquid (water) based on the density difference between the gas and liquid. Its unique compact design quickly and effectively separates unwanted entrained gases — such as ozone, chlorine, or methane — and requires far less space than traditional gas separators. It enables gas separation with pressure differentials of 5% or lower and at varible flows. The self-cleaning design significantly reduces maintenance and downtime, and it includes no moving parts that can wear out, break down, or require service.

Multiple Parameters; One Simple Panel Multiple Parameters; One Simple Panel

The Swan AMI DIST series offers three options for measuring chlorine, pH, conductivity and Turbidity on one easy to install, easy to maintain panel.

Radar Level Transmitters Radar Level Transmitters

Radar Level Transmitter Types 2290 and 2291 incorporate advanced radar sensing technology designed for high accuracy tank level measurement in a wide range of chemical processing and water treatment applications. The addition of radar technology to the company’s existing ultrasonic and hydrostatic sensors now provides three different level measurement technologies to meet virtually any level requirement.

PowerXL® Enclosed VFDs – The Next Generation In Energy Efficiency PowerXL® Enclosed VFDs – The Next Generation In Energy Efficiency

PowerXL enclosed drives is a Next Generation enclosed drives platform that packages Eaton’s PowerXL DG1 drive into a new and innovative solution. A common assembly design used across 9 million pre-engineered standard configurations delivers an easy-to-use product with industry best lead times. Add in the flexibility of custom engineered configurations and the reliability of a UL 508C design and an ISO 9001 manufacturing process, you get the most versatile, fast and reliable product on the market.

Enclosed Industrial Clean Power VFDs – Controlling Water Everywhere It Goes Enclosed Industrial Clean Power VFDs – Controlling Water Everywhere It Goes

Moving water and controlling water systems is no easy task. There are many variables involved with fluid dynamics, the addition of environmental, harmonics and energy cost concerns make system control even more difficult. Eaton understands these problems and provides enclosed drives solutions for water/wastewater. From NEMA 4X enclosures to our Active Energy Control algorithm and five-year warranty, Eaton provides a complete solution for water/wastewater applications.

Power Xpert™ C445 Motor Management Relay – Motor Control Intelligence Made Easy Power Xpert™ C445 Motor Management Relay – Motor Control Intelligence Made Easy

Power Xpert C445 is the most intelligent option in the C400 motor protection family. C445 offers industry leading protection, diagnostics and energy usage analytics. Multiple network options and easy integration tools make leveraging C445 intelligence easy.

<I>XT</i> IEC Power Control – Protect And Improve Your Pumping System XT IEC Power Control – Protect And Improve Your Pumping System

Eaton’s line of XT IEC contactors, motor protectors, overload relays and starters are engineered with your pumping application in mind. With a robust design, high reliability and product efficiency, XT can give you the high-end performance that your customers expect in a quality pumping system.

XV300 HMI & HMI-PLC – Enhance Operator Performance & Improve Remote Access Security XV300 HMI & HMI-PLC – Enhance Operator Performance & Improve Remote Access Security

Eaton’s XV-303 HMI revolutionizes facility control by offering an intuitive and ultra-modern user interface but in a rugged and secure form factor fit for water facilities. Multi-touch controls provide gesture support for a more modern intuitive interface. The XV-303 can provide both simple remote pump station HMI control and advanced water facility level SCADA.

PowerXL&reg; VFDs – Advancing Your Pumping System PowerXL® VFDs – Advancing Your Pumping System

The PowerXL drives family is engineered to provide a complete solution for your demanding pumping applications. The PowerXL DE1, DC1, DA1 and DG1 provide the reliable performance you need while also generating the energy savings you want. With advanced yet easy-to-use features, precise system control and dedicated product support, the PowerXL drives are designed to optimize your pumping systems.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION PODCASTS

Quality Control Leads To Quality Water, Beer Quality Control Leads To Quality Water, Beer

The importance and utility of sensors for delivering precious drinking water — and beer — is of topic in this conversation with MJ Peters of Sensorex. The company provides UVT-LED sensors for monitoring UV transmittance, offering quality control for advanced treatment applications such as potable water reuse. One such application was the AZ Pure Water Brew Challenge, where recycled water was used to make beer.

Drumming Up Chemical Injection Drumming Up Chemical Injection

The operating ranges for chemical injection need to be large because of the variability of flow in many treatment operations. As Bill McDowell, Vice President of Operations with Blue White Industries explains in this Water Talk interview, “You might be down to as low as 5 or 10 milliliters a minute and then one hour later; you might need to pump 15 gallons a minute out of the same pump and through the same sensor.”

Predictive Maintenance Enabled By Moving Secured Data To The Cloud Predictive Maintenance Enabled By Moving Secured Data To The Cloud

Cloud-based monitoring and reporting was all the rage at WEFTEC 2017. Water Talk sat down with Tom Perry, National Product Manager with Veolia to discuss Aquavista, one of the more established technologies for capturing critical data, storing it in the cloud and allowing it to be accessed real time, 24/7 from any smart, web-enabled device.

Real-Time Monitoring Aids Adoption Of New Water Treatment Technologies Real-Time Monitoring Aids Adoption Of New Water Treatment Technologies

With the ability to store mass amounts of data, real-time monitoring and the timely analysis of that data is spurring significant change in the water industry. As Rick Bacon, CEO of Aqua Metrology Systems, explains in this Water Talk interview, high frequency data is not only aiding in the battle to identify contamination but also in summarizing performance once a solution has been installed to fix it.

Microbial Contamination Monitoring For Water Distribution Systems Microbial Contamination Monitoring For Water Distribution Systems

Back in 2014, Louisiana’s Department of Health and Hospitals wrote an executive order for municipalities to boost their chlorine residuals as high as possible to burn off all biofilm and stop the outbreak of brain-eating amoeba (Naegleria fowleri) that had been detected as the cause of death in a number of individuals.

Sizing Up The Smart Water Market Sizing Up The Smart Water Market

Is "smart water" living up to the hype? Can there be true impact without broad implementation? Even when technologies are in place, are utilities using smart water capabilities to their fullest extent? Water Online hosted Reese Tisdale, president of Bluefield Research, to answer these tough questions.

Flow Measurement Meets Advanced Metering Infrastructure Flow Measurement Meets Advanced Metering Infrastructure

As utilities update their metering to automatic meter reading (AMR) or advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) systems, integration with measurement devices in the distribution system has many benefits. McCrometer’s Dan Hardin recently sat down with Water Online Radio to discuss the flow measurement company’s Smart Output protocol that allows mag meters to connect to a water district’s AMI/AMR system.

Water Regulations Change As Data Accuracy Intensifies Water Regulations Change As Data Accuracy Intensifies

It makes sense that water regulations are written in line with the available means to detect contaminants. The same logic would suggest that as newer, more accurate diagnostic technologies become available, the list of MCLs and the depth of water regulations will continue to evolve.

Understanding Big Data In The Water Industry Understanding Big Data In The Water Industry

There’s a lot of data floating around the water industry these days. SCADA, flow statistics, online monitoring, DO measurements, air flows, LIMS system data in the Lab, and CMMS data from maintenance software to name but a few.

Mobile Sensor Management Provides Greater Clarity For Operators Mobile Sensor Management Provides Greater Clarity For Operators

Beyond measurement, Hach is on a mission to provide its customers with the information to make better decisions. Sam Utley, Vertical Market Manager for Wastewater with Hach, recently sat down with Water Online Radio to discuss the movement towards greater clarity in data collection and evaluation.  

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION VIDEOS

Clearly Intelligent Software To Manage Operations Clearly Intelligent Software To Manage Operations

Robert Olofsson, Business Unit Manager of Software for Hach, provides an overview — and brief demo — of the new Claros software platform, billed as "The Water Intelligence System". Olofsson describes how instrument management and data management integrate with process management to optimize operator control and plant performance. Though it works with drinking water, wastewater, or industrial water operations, this discussion from WEFTEC spotlights wastewater capabilities.

Siemens Reveals 3 Key Factors For Water Quality Siemens Reveals 3 Key Factors For Water Quality

Jack Roushey, product manager for instrumentation at Siemens, gives his take on trends in the water industry, including the three most important factors for ensuring a quality end product — safety, performance, and reliability within your process measurement and control regime. Talking to Water Online's Kevin Westerling, Roushey illuminates the impact of these important parameters with a discussion on lead in drinking water, which has recently caused contamination events, regulatory scrutiny, and a mandate for improved process control.

Capital Controls&reg; MicroChem&reg;3 Multi-Parameter Analyzer And Controller Capital Controls® MicroChem®3 Multi-Parameter Analyzer And Controller

From the experts in chlorine management comes a multi-parameter water analysis system offering both chlorine measurement and control in one versatile instrument. Tailor the modular MicroChem®3 to your individual application with up to three measurement parameters. Watch the video to learn more.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION SUPPLIERS

  • ABB Measurement & Analytics
    ABB Measurement & Analytics

    ABB is the best partner throughout the entire water cycle. From extraction and treatment, to distribution and the management of the wastewater process, ABB supplies an extensive range of reliable measurement products and solutions. With the most expertise in water and wastewater applications worldwide, ABB is the partner to help customers choose the optimal measurement solution precisely meeting their requirements.

  • Emerson
    Emerson

    Rosemount Analytical, one of Emerson’s leading process management companies, is the world’s premier supplier of technologies for liquid and combustion analysis, process analysis, gas measurement, and emissions monitoring. With an 80-year legacy of manufacturing liquid and gas analytical products that have revolutionized the process industries, we continue to provide real, quantifiable analytical solutions.

  • Endress+Hauser, Inc.
    Endress+Hauser, Inc.

    Endress+Hauser has more than 50 years of experience in the areas of Municipal Wastewater, Industrial Wastewater, and Portable Water.

  • FLEXIM Americas Corp.
    FLEXIM Americas Corp.

    FLEXIM offers the most reliable measurement system for water production, treatment and distribution.

  • GF Piping Systems
    GF Piping Systems

    George Fischer Piping Systems is the sales, marketing and logistics organization for Engineered Piping Systems, Valves and Actuation, and Signet Instrumentation in the Americas. In addition, GFI provides our customers with a wide range of value add capabilities through the Custom Products group

  • Hach Company
    Hach Company

    For more than 60 years, Hach has been at the crest of the industry - finding solutions that help you best manage your water. Our analytical instruments and reagents are used to test the quality of water in a variety of industries and markets - from around the corner, to around the globe.

  • JCS Industries Inc.
    JCS Industries Inc.

    JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.

  • KROHNE, Inc.
    KROHNE, Inc.

    We are committed to providing you with KROHNE's 83+ years of flow and level measurement expertise at your facility.

  • Myron L Company
    Myron L Company

    The Myron L Company, originally founded in 1957 as a Research and Development company, is a privately owned and operated California Corporation

  • Real Tech Inc.
    Real Tech Inc.

    Real Tech Inc. Is dedicated to providing high quality UV photometric and spectroscopic analytical instrumentation for the water and wastewater industry.

  • De Nora
    De Nora

    De Nora Water Technologies is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • Swan Analytical USA
    Swan Analytical USA

    Swan Analytical Instruments is a leading manufacturer of high quality on-line analytical instruments for water analysis in applications such as high purity water, steam, condensate, cooling water, potable water, and effluent.

  • Thermo Scientific
    Thermo Scientific

     

    Thermo Fisher Scientific offers a full range of water analysis instruments from pH, ISE, conductivity and dissolved oxygen meters, electrodes and solutions, to colorimetry, titration and on-line process monitors.

     

  • Trihedral Engineering Limited
    Trihedral Engineering Limited

    Trihedral is recognized as a leading manufacturer of computer software for SCADA and HMI applications, particularly in the water & wastewater industry. The worldwide appeal of our software is demonstrated by a large and satisfied customer base spanning six continents.

  • WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC
    WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC

    WRT provides effective processes for removing radium, uranium and other contaminants from water. Our complete package of services includes process equipment, proprietary treatment media, safe exchange of media, and proper handling and disposal of used media

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION

 

 

Process instruments are used widely in water and wastewater treatment plants to monitor the effluent quality. However, their applications are not limited to monitoring effluent quality. These water and wastewater quality monitoring devices can be applied throughout the network of collection, treatment, and disposal

Instrumentation can give guarantee of proficient treatment processes of water quality parameters such as turbidity, pH, ORP, conductivity and dissolved oxygen.  Instrumentation is done in the following aspects.

  • Flow measurement
  • Stage /Level measurement
  • Physical and chemical water quality measurement
  • Biological water quality measurement
  • Water sediment and biota samplers
  • Data storage and management

 

Measurement Techniques include, Gravimetric analysis or, simply, weighing, Colorimetry or spectrophotometry, Titration, and Mass Spectrometry:

 

Platforms on which instrumentation can be carried out include

  • Stationary vertical profilers – Used for in situ sampling.
  • Flow-through systems -Most research ships have built-in flow-through systems that constantly circulate water collected a few meters from the surface.
  • Towed vehicles- towed vehicle such a system is able to provide a continuous series of data points for remote sensing applications where transect lines can follow the flight paths of a remote sensor.
  • Moored platforms - These stationary, or Eulerian, platforms offer data streams synoptically that match with satellite-based imagers.
  • Automated underwater vehicles - Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) afford their own propulsion there by allowing high-resolution sampling of the ocean’s interior in multiple directions.

Some of the instruments used in water management are:

  • Pressure Transmitters
  • General Service Gauges
  • Pressure Regulators
  • Digital Panel Meters
  • Process Calibrators
  • Thermometers
  • Differential Pressure Gauge and Switches
  • Multi-Point Thermocouple Displays
  • HART Calibrator/Communicator