WATER INSTRUMENTATION WHITE PAPERS & CASE STUDIES

Long Term Performance Of V-Cone Flow Meters
Long Term Performance Of V-Cone Flow Meters

This paper presents the results of 12 V-Cone DP Flow meters tested over a period of 17 years. Service applications for the V-Cones included natural gas as well as coke oven gas measurement, a dirty aggressive fluid that is problematic over long period of time for most flow meters. All testing was conducted in air by a 3rd party calibration laboratory, CEESI Colorado. Results will be presented for each of the meters over the 17 year span. Conclusions and recommendations will be made to the long term performance and recalibration intervals for the V-Cone flow meter.

Advancing Management Of Urban Water Infrastructure
Advancing Management Of Urban Water Infrastructure

A wide range of issues can disrupt the normal functioning of an urban water system, such as storms and other natural disasters, pollution, physical damage, cyber incidents, aging and insufficient infrastructure, and rapid urban growth.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION PRODUCTS

OPTISONIC 7300 Ultrasonic Flowmeter OPTISONIC 7300 Ultrasonic Flowmeter

The OPTISONIC 7300 is a universal 2-path ultrasonic gas flowmeter for process and utility gas measurements in oil and gas refineries or the chemical or petrochemical industries. It is also suitable for non-custody transfer natural gas applications or applications with (compressed) air, mixed or flue gases (up to +180°C / +356°F). Using the transit time differential measuring principle, the OPTISONIC 7300 delivers high performance over a wide flow range (up to DN600 / 24", turndown ratio: 100:1). Its patented titanium transducers are perfectly focused, equalizing process fluctuations and avoiding acoustic feedback.

OPTISONIC 6300 Ultrasonic Clamp-On Flowmeter OPTISONIC 6300 Ultrasonic Clamp-On Flowmeter

The OPTISONIC 6300 is an ultrasonic clamp-on flowmeter for permanent mount installation. It is particularly suitable for flow measurement of (non-)conductive liquids at any location where inline measurement is not possible or desirable. The flowmeter consists of a combination of one or two clamp-on sensors and one ultrasonic signal converter. Its robust clamp-on rail is highly flexible and can be very easily attached to virtually any pipe up to DN4000 / 160".

OPTISONIC 6300 P Ultrasonic Clamp-On Flowmeter OPTISONIC 6300 P Ultrasonic Clamp-On Flowmeter

The OPTISONIC 6300 P is a portable, battery-powered ultrasonic clamp-on flowmeter for temporary flow measurement of (non-)conductive liquids. It can be used at virtually any location and without process interruption or need to cut pipes. Due to its flexibility, the meter is equally suited for comparative measurements on stationary measuring equipment (e.g. pumps, flowmeters etc.) or for use as a short-term replacement of faulty devices. As standard the clamp-on flowmeter is also provided with a measurement option for thermal energy applications.

OPTISONIC 3400 Ultrasonic Flowmeter OPTISONIC 3400 Ultrasonic Flowmeter

The OPTISONIC 3400 is a 3-path ultrasonic inline flowmeter designed for a wide range of standard or more demanding process applications with homogeneous, non-viscous aqueous liquids as well as viscous fluids of up to over 1000 cSt. It is also the perfect choice for applications with cryogenic products (as low as -200°C / -328°F), media with extended temperature ranges (up to +250°C / +482°F) as well as low or extreme pressure ratings. The OPTISONIC 3400 offers a broad range of diameters – from DN25 / 1" for dosing purposes to DN3000 / 120" for water transportation pipelines.

OPTIBATCH 4011 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIBATCH 4011 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIBATCH  4011 is the standard Coriolis mass flowmeter for process batching of conductive and non-conductive liquids. It is a highly accurate and specialised meter for linear and rotating filling machines. The fully welded maintenance-free device with twin U-shape is particularly suitable for hygienic applications in the pharmaceutical or food and beverage industries. It can be equipped with DIN11864-2 hygienic flange connections, hygienic clamp connections or many other bespoke fittings according to customer specifications.

OPTIMASS 1010 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 1010 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 1010 is a cost-effective twin straight tube Coriolis mass flowmeter for a wide range of universal and hygienic applications with liquids and gases (up to 170,000 kg/h or 6,235 lb/min and +130°C / +266°F). It features an integrated Modbus converter. This makes the flowmeter an ideal solution where a DCS or a PLC is already in use and extensive communication options and control functions are not necessary. By way of its Modbus interface the flowmeter integrates easily into existing controller systems. There is no need for a conventional signal converter. Purchase costs can be saved.

OPTIMASS 3010 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 3010 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 3010 is a cost-effective Coriolis mass flowmeter for low flow and dosing applications with liquids and gases (from 0.3 kg/h or 0.01 lb/min upwards). The flowmeter features an integrated Modbus converter. This makes it the ideal solution for applications where a DCS or a PLC is already in use and extensive communication options and control functions are not necessary. By way of its Modbus interface the flowmeter integrates easily into existing controller systems. There is no need for a conventional signal converter. Purchase costs can be saved.

OPTIMASS 7010 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 7010 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 7010 is a high-end single straight tube Coriolis mass flowmeter. It is particularly suitable for demanding process and dosing applications involving gases and shear-sensitive or viscous liquids, slurries, very aggressive media or media with a low flow velocity. The Coriolis meter features an integrated Modbus converter. This makes it the ideal solution for applications where a DCS or a PLC is already in use and extensive communication options and control functions are not necessary. By way of its Modbus interface the flowmeter integrates easily into existing controller systems. There is no need for a conventional signal converter. Purchase costs can be saved.

OPTIMASS 3400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 3400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 3400 is a cost-effective Coriolis mass flowmeter for accurate flow measurement of liquids and gases in a variety of demanding low flow and dosing applications (from 0.3 kg/h or 0.01 lb/min upwards). The OPTIMASS 3400 features Entrained Gas Management (EGMTM) for liquid applications, providing reliable readings even in the event of gas entrainment of up to 100%. In this way, the Coriolis meter enables continuous and uninterrupted measurement of volume flow and mass, density and temperature –  even at very difficult process conditions with 2-phase flow.

OPTIMASS 1400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 1400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 1400 is a cost-effective twin straight tube Coriolis mass flowmeter for a wide range of standard applications with gases and liquids (up to 170,000 kg/h or 6,235 lb/min). The meter features Entrained Gas Management (EGMTM) for liquid applications, providing reliable readings even in the event of gas entrainment of up to 100%. In this way, the Coriolis meter enables continuous and uninterrupted measurement of volume flow and mass, density and temperature – even at difficult process conditions with 2-phase flow.

OPTIMASS 7400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 7400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 7400 is a high-end Coriolis mass flowmeter for demanding process and custody transfer (CT) applications. It is the ideal solution when it comes to high accuracy measurement of gases and shear-sensitive or viscous liquids, slurries, very aggressive media or media with a low flow velocity. The meter features Entrained Gas Management (EGMTM) for liquid applications, providing reliable readings even in the event of gas entrainment of up to 100%. In this way, the Coriolis meter enables continuous and uninterrupted measurement of volume flow and mass, density and temperature – even at difficult process conditions with 2-phase flow.

OPTIMASS 2400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter OPTIMASS 2400 Coriolis Mass Flowmeter

The OPTIMASS 2400 is the world’s highest capacity Coriolis mass flowmeter for liquids and gases. With its twin or four straight tube design, the Coriolis meter is ideally suited for bunkering operations and custody transfer or fiscal metering in the oil and gas industry. It can also be used for any bulk mass application with many other products such as syrup, molasses or raw chemicals up to 4,600 t/h / 169,000 lb/min. The Coriolis meter features Entrained Gas Management (EGMTM) for liquid applications, maintaining operation over a wide range of gas fractions and complex flow conditions. In this way, the Coriolis device enables continuous and uninterrupted measurement of mass and volume flow, density and temperature – even at difficult process conditions with 2-phase flow.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION PODCASTS

Plastic Piping Systems Adapting To Water Industry Needs Plastic Piping Systems Adapting To Water Industry Needs

There’s a big difference between pipe and a true piping system, according to Brian LaBelle of GF Piping Systems. His insights from this Water Talk interview captured at ACE19 in Denver highlight the advantages of ever-advancing plastic piping capabilities that are helping the water industry engineer and fabricate resilient alternatives to aging infrastructure by using customized polyethylene, polypropylene, and PVDF piping systems.

A More Precise Route For Chemical Feed Metering A More Precise Route For Chemical Feed Metering

In water treatment applications with varying flow rates, keeping chemical dosing rates in proportion is critical for minimizing chemical costs while still achieving optimum treatment levels. A new plastic-bodied ultrasound flow meter delivers high precision at extremely low flow rates — down to 0.15 gph (10 ml/minute), about one-third of the 0.50 gph rates offered by most other chemical flow meters.

How Advanced Flow Meters Are Changing The Game For Water Managers How Advanced Flow Meters Are Changing The Game For Water Managers

Flow meters are not just hardware anymore. Advanced flow meters act as a data collection tool that can gather and relay valuable information for engineers and technicians trying to be more proactive in the operation of their water systems. In this Water Talk interview, Dave Baker, a regional sales manager for McCrometer, discusses advanced flow meter capabilities that are more user friendly as well as the importance of selecting the proper meter for specific applications.

How Continuous Monitoring Helps Systems Grappling With Quality Issues How Continuous Monitoring Helps Systems Grappling With Quality Issues

As regulations become more stringent and increased demand is putting pressure on sources, traditional sampling to maintain water quality just isn’t cutting it anymore. Relying on periodic samples analyzed in a laboratory means water managers aren’t in touch with potentially large swings in the organic load and other problems flowing into their treatment plants. In this Water Talk interview, Kerim Kollu, an applications research scientist for Real Tech, discussed the emerging technology that is enabling municipalities to reliably perform continuous monitoring.

Advanced Testing For Better Biofilm Control In Distribution Systems Advanced Testing For Better Biofilm Control In Distribution Systems

Excessive amounts of diverse microorganisms, also known as biofilm, significantly impact water quality and promote corrosion in distribution systems. The fastest way for biofilm to proliferate is through ineffective management. However, taking control isn’t as simple as adding plenty of disinfectant to the water, and traditional testing involves sending samples to a lab and waiting days. In this Water Talk interview, Dave Tracey, director of strategic sales channels for LuminUltra, discusses innovative biological monitoring technologies that simplify testing so it can be done in the field with immediate results.

Demystifying Intelligent Water, Or What To Do With Data Overload Demystifying Intelligent Water, Or What To Do With Data Overload

Do your eyes glaze over when the words "smart water" or "intelligent water" are mentioned? If so, a new collaborative paper between Arcadis and Bluefield Research may be your antidote. First, learn the who, what, where, and why from Jim Cooper, the Intelligent Water Lead for Arcadis, in this Water Talk interview.

Improved Monitoring Produces Better Decision-Making Data Improved Monitoring Produces Better Decision-Making Data

Each municipal water utility faces its own unique challenges, so there’s no on-size-fits-all solution for any specific problem faced by plant operators. The good news is there are ways to collect actionable data for making smarter decisions with plant assets. Armed with this information, water managers can better optimize equipment, contain costs, and produce a high-quality product. In this Water Talk interview, Amanda Scott, an industrial and environmental manager with Suez Water Technologies and Solutions, discusses how advanced water quality monitoring technology and newer approaches to emerging problems provide tighter control over daily operations at treatment plants.

New AMI Capabilities Help Satisfy Utility Aims New AMI Capabilities Help Satisfy Utility Aims

Finding new ways to capture and utilize data is important for utilities looking to improve operating efficiency and customer service. This interview with Frank Brooks and Dave Rubin from Aclara — a smart-infrastructure solutions partner for water, gas, and/or electric utilities — outlines ways to do both within a common infrastructure.

How To Turn Data Into A Difference-Maker How To Turn Data Into A Difference-Maker

With the proliferation of sensors, data collection, and cloud storage, there is the potential for operational insight heretofore never available, and the opportunity will only expand as the technology evolves and the Internet of Things becomes, well, more of a thing. But data is only truly useful if it informs decision-making that results in positive impact — for an organization's bottom line, its personnel, its customers, or even the world at large (i.e., the environment).

Coming Around To Big Data Coming Around To Big Data

Big Data is on the minds and lips of many water system managers, but how many utilities are actually utilizing it? Jason Carter, the Water Utility Innovation Leader at Arcadis, notes that the water industry is a bit behind, but he also sees a clear path forward — one where Big Data plays a central role in operations and, consequently, newfound efficiencies.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION VIDEOS

Water: It Matters More Than Ever Water: It Matters More Than Ever

Water. It’s vital to human life, our economy, and ecosystem - the very survival of our planet. But water challenges are growing more intense than ever before. Increasing volatile weather patterns fueled by climate change, crumbling infrastructure, pollution, and over population that is causing a surge in the demand for water. This means the world’s supply of clean water is rapidly declining putting our future at risk.

ABB's World Of Water Analysis ABB's World Of Water Analysis

The ability to continuously and accurately measure water quality is a key requirement in many processes. ABB’s continuous water analyzers help their customers' precious water resources go further around the world. Their trusted range of water analysis solutions provide real-time data on process conditions that can be used to improve efficiency, tighten performance and safeguard quality.

Flow Meter Calibration Flow Meter Calibration

Specialized calibration of gas mass flow meters and flow switches is what Fluid Components International does best. FCI's calibration lab has 18 NIST traceable precision flow stands to ensure you are getting the gas mass flow meter or flow switch calibrated to it's actual published specifications to match your application needs.

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WATER INSTRUMENTATION SUPPLIERS

  • ABB Measurement & Analytics
    ABB Measurement & Analytics

    ABB is the best partner throughout the entire water cycle. From extraction and treatment, to distribution and the management of the wastewater process, ABB supplies an extensive range of reliable measurement products and solutions. With the most expertise in water and wastewater applications worldwide, ABB is the partner to help customers choose the optimal measurement solution precisely meeting their requirements.

  • Emerson
    Emerson

    Rosemount Analytical, one of Emerson’s leading process management companies, is the world’s premier supplier of technologies for liquid and combustion analysis, process analysis, gas measurement, and emissions monitoring. With an 80-year legacy of manufacturing liquid and gas analytical products that have revolutionized the process industries, we continue to provide real, quantifiable analytical solutions.

  • Endress+Hauser, Inc.
    Endress+Hauser, Inc.

    Endress+Hauser has more than 50 years of experience in the areas of Municipal Wastewater, Industrial Wastewater, and Portable Water.

  • FLEXIM Americas Corp.
    FLEXIM Americas Corp.

    FLEXIM offers the most reliable measurement system for water production, treatment and distribution.

  • GF Piping Systems
    GF Piping Systems

    George Fischer Piping Systems is the sales, marketing and logistics organization for Engineered Piping Systems, Valves and Actuation, and Signet Instrumentation in the Americas. In addition, GFI provides our customers with a wide range of value add capabilities through the Custom Products group

  • Hach
    Hach

    For more than 60 years, Hach has been at the crest of the industry - finding solutions that help you best manage your water. Our analytical instruments and reagents are used to test the quality of water in a variety of industries and markets - from around the corner, to around the globe.

  • JCS Industries Inc.
    JCS Industries Inc.

    JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.

  • KROHNE, Inc.
    KROHNE, Inc.

    We are committed to providing you with KROHNE's 83+ years of flow and level measurement expertise at your facility.

  • Myron L Company
    Myron L Company

    The Myron L Company, originally founded in 1957 as a Research and Development company, is a privately owned and operated California Corporation

  • Real Tech Inc.
    Real Tech Inc.

    Real Tech is bringing intelligence to water with a comprehensive line of water quality monitoring instruments and custom software analytics. We detect and predict a wide array of water quality parameters and compounds in real-time including UVT, UV254, TOC, DOC, COD, BOD, TSS, turbidity, nitrate, nitrite, algae, permanganate, chromium, colour, dyes, BTEX, oil in water, surfactants, black liquor, pH/ORP, DO, conductivity and so much more.

  • De Nora
    De Nora

    De Nora Water Technologies is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • Swan Analytical USA
    Swan Analytical USA

    Swan Analytical Instruments is a leading manufacturer of high quality on-line analytical instruments for water analysis in applications such as high purity water, steam, condensate, cooling water, potable water, and effluent.

  • Thermo Scientific
    Thermo Scientific

     

    Thermo Fisher Scientific offers a full range of water analysis instruments from pH, ISE, conductivity and dissolved oxygen meters, electrodes and solutions, to colorimetry, titration and on-line process monitors.

     

  • Trihedral Engineering Limited
    Trihedral Engineering Limited

    Trihedral is recognized as a leading manufacturer of computer software for SCADA and HMI applications, particularly in the water & wastewater industry. The worldwide appeal of our software is demonstrated by a large and satisfied customer base spanning six continents.

  • WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC
    WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC

    WRT provides effective processes for removing radium, uranium and other contaminants from water. Our complete package of services includes process equipment, proprietary treatment media, safe exchange of media, and proper handling and disposal of used media

WATER INSTRUMENTATION

 

 

Process instruments are used widely in water and wastewater treatment plants to monitor the effluent quality. However, their applications are not limited to monitoring effluent quality. These water and wastewater quality monitoring devices can be applied throughout the network of collection, treatment, and disposal

Instrumentation can give guarantee of proficient treatment processes of water quality parameters such as turbidity, pH, ORP, conductivity and dissolved oxygen.  Instrumentation is done in the following aspects.

  • Flow measurement
  • Stage /Level measurement
  • Physical and chemical water quality measurement
  • Biological water quality measurement
  • Water sediment and biota samplers
  • Data storage and management

 

Measurement Techniques include, Gravimetric analysis or, simply, weighing, Colorimetry or spectrophotometry, Titration, and Mass Spectrometry:

 

Platforms on which instrumentation can be carried out include

  • Stationary vertical profilers – Used for in situ sampling.
  • Flow-through systems -Most research ships have built-in flow-through systems that constantly circulate water collected a few meters from the surface.
  • Towed vehicles- towed vehicle such a system is able to provide a continuous series of data points for remote sensing applications where transect lines can follow the flight paths of a remote sensor.
  • Moored platforms - These stationary, or Eulerian, platforms offer data streams synoptically that match with satellite-based imagers.
  • Automated underwater vehicles - Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) afford their own propulsion there by allowing high-resolution sampling of the ocean’s interior in multiple directions.

Some of the instruments used in water management are:

  • Pressure Transmitters
  • General Service Gauges
  • Pressure Regulators
  • Digital Panel Meters
  • Process Calibrators
  • Thermometers
  • Differential Pressure Gauge and Switches
  • Multi-Point Thermocouple Displays
  • HART Calibrator/Communicator