For years, the wastewater treatment plant in Villa Mercedes, David City, Panama emitted harsh odors and created a rampant mosquito population, a situation the neighboring residents found impossible to deal with. Treatment at the plant needed improvement to successfully treat up to 4.6 million gallons of wastewater per day, eliminate harsh odors and reduce the mosquito population.
Aqua America water treatment plant in Tiffin, Ohio, was built in the 1920s and is situated on the Sandusky River. The plant processes 3.4 million gallons per day and was facing challenges of producing high-quality drinking water. A full measure of seasonal variety, combined with the runoff from a thriving agricultural environment, caused the small-town water facility to constantly encounter adverse conditions. In an effort to remain compliant, Aqua America enhanced coagulation, but this increased sedimentation rates and exacerbated sludge blanket depths.
When the Coldwater Board of Public Utilities in Coldwater, Michigan abruptly received new ammonia permit limits in August of 2007, they hired consultants to help guide them to the best solution for their new problem. With a full‐measure of influent waste variety consisting of residential, commercial, industrial and septage and a new seasonal permit limit of 2mg/L, Coldwater hoped for a budget friendly solution to consistently perform through peak flows and industrial shockloading.
All turbo manufacturers are not created equal. After a different supplier failed to perform, Aerzen’s technology, expertise, and customer service took the Charles River WWTP from extreme frustration to smooth operation.
To protect the sensitive waters of the Neuse River Basin, the State of North Carolina formally adopted a nutrient management strategy in 1997 which established Total Maximum Daily Loads for all point source contributors of Total Nitrogen (TN) to the Neuse River. By upgrading its oxidation ditches, this Eastern NC plant saw a reduction of 76% TN compared to its average discharge from the past 6 years.
In order to meet the demand of growth within the city and to achieve stringent effluent limits, the City of Sanford worked with CPH Engineers to design the Sanford South Water Resource Center (WRC), located in the heart of Central Florida. The facility produces a high quality effluent of reclaimed water standards, which is distributed throughout the region.
Until 2012, the Kaufman, TX, Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) operated two separate aeration basins with mechanical surface aerators. As the plant’s equipment aged and required more frequent and expensive repairs and maintenance, the City of Kaufman followed its engineering firm’s recommendation to install a new, more efficient, fine bubble-diffused air system rather than simply replacing its old mixers with in-kind equipment.
To increase capacity within the existing footprint of a wastewater treatment facility in Michigan, two existing tanks were converted to aeration tanks with pure-oxygen aeration provided by Praxair’s In-Situ Oxygenation (I-SOTM) System.
A common first step in the secondary treatment process is to send wastewater to an aeration tank. In an aeration tank, bacterium is used to effectively break down pollutants into less harmful components. Wastewater aeration provides the appropriate oxygen level so that aerobic bacteria can thrive in degrading pollutants such as iron and manganese as part of the wastewater treatment process. Aeration can also be used to destroy anaerobic bacteria that perish in the presence of oxygen. Aerobes that can break down pollutants 10-100 times faster than anaerobes are used most frequently.
Aeration is also used to improve waste lagoons and other waterways such as lakes and reservoirs where oxygen deficiency contributes to taste, odor and pollutant problems. Equipment used for wastewater aeration includes low cascades, jet fountains, spray nozzles, blowers, submerged perforated pipe and porous plates or tubes. Whether the water is thrown into the air via a fountain or diffused by air bubbles being blown or drawn into the wastewater in an aeration tank, aeration works by increasing the area of contact between the oxygen in the air and water.
The most common wastewater aeration process in use today is the air diffusion process, where air is introduced from blowers through diffusion tubes suspended in a spiral flow tank, or in some cases, through diffuser plates in the bottom of the aeration tanks.