Now in operation for well over two years in the Malambo, Colombia, the Microclor® system has proven itself in terms of reliability and safety. According to management, the clear, vertically-oriented cells and the system’s open architecture allow for easy inspection and simplify any minor maintenance that might be required.
The Ecomuseum Zoo is home to the most impressive ambassadors of Quebec’s wildlife. All residents of the Ecomuseum Zoo are there for a special reason: orphaned, injured or born under professional human care, each of them could not return to the wild. Hence, they have found a forever home at the zoo.
Like many municipalities in urban and suburban areas, San Bruno’s source water comes both from its own groundwater supply and through a purchase agreement with a major water utility — in this case, San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC). And, like many municipalities in California, SFPUC, along with San Bruno, switched from free chlorine to chloramines in 2003 largely to reduce disinfection by-products.
In 2001, with the growing population at Naval Station Guantanamo Bay, and expected future growth, a wastewater treatment system was needed to handle the increase in flows. Fluence worked directly with the United States Navy to design an advanced wastewater treatment plant to meet those needs. The intent was to supply four or five large packaged wastewater treatment systems at different locations around the base.
Many manufacturing processes, analytical measurements, and other industrial processes that involve aqueous solutions are adversely affected by bubbles in the fluid stream. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors provide a very simple, cost effective solution to help eliminate bubbles from such processes.
ShenLan Environment Inc. located in Shanghai, China uses 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors in their boiler feed water treatment systems. These systems realize lower operating costs with the added benefit of reducing the chemicals added to the boiler feed water.
Dissolved gases like NH3, H2S or NOx in waste water lead to contamination in the sewage system and high treatment costs for municipal waste water treatment plants.
Electrodeionization (EDI) is a widely used water treatment process. EDI technology is an electrochemical process that uses ion selective membranes and an electrical current to continuously remove ions from water. The process uses ion exchange resin to remove the ions from the feed stream, producing pure water.
Walnut Valley Water District spans a 29 square mile area in semi‐arid southern California about 20 miles east of Los Angeles. Like many water districts planning for growth amid periodic droughts is challenging and compounded by the need to deliver high quality water throughout the district of over 100,000 people and more than 26,000 service connections. Read the full case study to learn how Walnut Valley aggressively pursued operational strategies in their water storage tanks to limit nitrification risk.
The Francis L. Hatch water filtration plant is in the coastal town in York county Maine and has an average capacity of 2.6 MGD. This is a surface water plant that utilizes hydrated or “slaked” lime (calcium hydroxide) to maintain the pH level around 7.0. For over 25 years, the district has used two of the UGSI Chemical Feed model 32‐055 Feeders to mix dry hydrated lime with water to create a lime slurry solution that can then be added to the finished water treatment.
Combined with the installation of the new filter media and wash troughs, this particular type of underdrain and media retainer brought the water treatment plant’s operations up to speed.
In spite of the recent abundance of water, many of California’s aquifers continue to balance on the edge of water scarcity. Decades of overpumping have reduced the amount of ground water available to supplement surface water resources diminished by drought. The Pure Water Monterey Ground Water Replenishment Project (Monterey Pure), addressed the need to replenish a local aquifer, by piloting Advanced Water Treatment (AWT) processes, to determine the best method to convert secondary wastewater into a pure water resource.
Wastewater filtration is often part of the tertiary treatment process that involves the final removal of suspended particles from water that has passed through both the primary and secondary treatment phases and immediately precedes disinfection. As the water passes through the filter, residual suspended material and bacteria is trapped in the filter and are removed from the filtered water. Passage can be blocked by physical obstruction, biological action, adsorption, absorption or a combination of ways. Wastewater filtration is usually the final step in the solids removal process.
With regulations increasing around wastewater effluent, the use of ultrafiltration and microfiltration systems in further polishing effluent has grown. Sand or activated carbon filters can provide a media for bacterial decomposition of nutrients, converting nitrates into nitrogen gas. The rise of water reuse applications is also fueling the increasing use of filters during the final polishing stages of the wastewater treatment process.