Every city facing infrastructure or operational challenges or concerns about maintaining quality of life in the face of population growth or a changing environment has benefits to gain from a unified smart-city approach. Here are some concepts for promoting understanding and acceptance among utility and government decision-makers, plus several examples of benefits already being garnered by smart cities large and small.
The Cheyenne Board of Public Utilities (BOPU) operates the water and wastewater systems for the capital of Wyoming which has a population of more than 63,000. Located in the fast growing Front Range Urban Corridor, BOPU is challenged by growth, periodic water scarcity and aging infrastructure.
Mixing is something that is often taken for granted when designing systems for water and wastewater treatment. Perhaps “taken for granted” is too harsh a term. Let’s instead say that while designing a treatment unit operation or process, mixing as a phenomenon is automatically assumed to occur — an assumption that forms the basis for process controls, performance guarantees and measurement methods and locations.
The Village of Johnson Wastewater Treatment Facility (WWTF) was among the first in the state of Vermont to meet newly enacted secondary treatment requirements when it began operation in 1970.
Located in New Haven County, Connecticut, in the eastern USA, the wastewater treatment plant in Meriden has a design inlet flow of 43,911 m3/day (11.6 mgd) with a maximum inlet flow of 143,386 m3/day (38.0 mgd). Upgraded in the 1960s and 1980s, the plant has been in existence since the 1800s.
Maintaining a firm grip on blower output within digesters at wastewater treatment plants is the key to stable dissolved oxygen levels that support an optimal biological cycle. However, the most common type of device used to measure aeration in the activated sludge process — thermal dispersion flow meters — is not always the best fit. The good news is that wastewater plant operators have multiple alternatives.
This radium removal pilot study was conducted for the City of Bridgeton, New Jersey’s Well No. 19 treatment facility. The Bridgeton water system contains concentrations of radium and gross alpha in excess of the Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL).
In August 2004, tests were conducted on 2 Primary Aerated stabilization basins with approximately 2,200 horse power (hp) of aeration capacity.
Written by Kaeser’s system experts, this whitepaper compares rotary lobe and screw blowers, isochoric and isentropic compression, and how to properly apply these technologies for designing an energy efficient system.
As the drainage basin to 85 million people, the Baltic Sea has faced considerable environmental strain for many years. Updated regulations to reduce levels of phosphorous and nitrogen prompted the Central Wastewater Treatment Plant in Saint Petersburg, Russia, to install new top-entry agitators in its aeration basins. By optimizing thrust and bulk flow, the updated plant now combats pollution by treating 400 MGD of wastewater while keeping energy costs to a minimum.
Frito-Lay, an affiliate of PepsiCo Foods, reinforced its leader position in environmental awareness, achieving an average of 30% energy efficiency and lower noise levels by choosing Atlas Copco screw blower technology for its water treatment facility.
Many are turning to UV as an effective barrier to enable the reuse of wastewater, for indirect reuse, and aquifer recharge.
Energy costs continue to increase. At the same time, there is increased pressure to reduce utility bills without sacrificing operations or comfort.
Gas control is an important concern in the beverage industry. Oxygen in the water can oxidize flavor components and shorten the shelf life of the product. Carbon dioxide can also have an impact on taste and pH of the product.
The QuEChERS (Quick-Easy-Cheap-Effective-Rugged-Safe) sample extraction method was developed for the determination of pesticide residues in agricultural commodities.
The C445 motor management relay offers the most configurable protection options in the industry, with features specifically designed to protect critical pumps from costly damages due to dead-head and other underloaded or starved pump conditions.
One of the most common processes in wastewater treatment is the activated sludge method, which biologically treats the wastewater through the use of large aeration basins. This process requires the pumping of compressed air into the aeration basins where a diffuser system ensures the air is distributed evenly for optimum treatment. The energy needed to provide compressed air is a significant cost in the operation of a wastewater treatment plant.
A single operational oil and gas refinery produces millions of gallons of contaminated wastewater a year, leading to environmental pollution concerns. Ion exchange resins are a metal- and ion-removal solution to help clean this wastewater for plant reuse or safe disposal. This application guide explains how resins can be used to demineralize refinery water in process, boiler, and cooling water applications.
As interest in biogas grows, more attention is being paid to measuring biogas flow, which has long been a problem area in process measuring technology.
The Dallas County Water and Sewer Authority (DCWSA) in Selma, Alabama recently found itself in a tough spot: under the scrutiny of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM). The wastewater treatment system needed better means for control. Ammonia, TSS, cBOD, and TKN readings were out of compliance. Then they discovered a new testing method known as simplified-TKN (s-TKN), and with it, better process control to achieve regulatory compliance. By Andrew Antonio, Municipal Wastewater Market Manager and Derek Walker, Applications Development Manager
Ammonia removal is a key metric for assessing wastewater treatment facility performance. This is because ammonia contributes to aquatic life toxicity. Furthermore, nitrogen, along with phosphorus, is a driver of receiving water eutrophication. Eutrophication, which simply is an over-enrichment of nutrients, can be detrimental to environmental and public health. It can result in harmful algae blooms, dissolved oxygen depletion, fish kills, and other damaging impacts.
When a municipality or business wants to reuse their wastewater, some applications require more treatment than others due to the quality of the wastewater. Many standard wastewater treatment systems consist of pretreatment, primary treatment, and secondary treatment stages. By the end of the secondary stage, a majority of the pollutants, solids, organics, inorganics, and metals have been removed or reduced. This is where reverse osmosis wastewater treatment can be utilized in a third stage process.
In water and wastewater treatment, chemistry is king. Treatment options are evaluated depending on the quality of water to be treated and the treatment application. Treatment systems including AOP systems, are designed to specifically target certain contaminants and remove or reduce them from the water. This takes places through the power of chemical reactions. Even biological treatments involve chemistry at their core.
A Q&A with scientist Jeff Urban, who explains forward osmosis and how Berkeley Lab is pushing the frontiers of this emerging technology
In February 2019, De Nora announced the acquisition of MIOX® Corporation, an Albuquerque-based electrochemical expert. Five months later, Bryan Brownlie, Managing Director – De Nora Water Technologies Texas LLC, answers some of the key questions we have been asked about the rationale for the acquisition and the changes that have happened since.
Isn’t it ironic that our beautiful blue planet, covered 70 percent with water, is struggling to meet citizens’ water needs? Yes, and the reasons are obvious. Out of the Earth’s total water, less than 3 percent is available as freshwater, and a portion of it is actually accessible. Uneven distribution of fresh waterbodies and population across the globe further skew water supply and demand ratios. Also, climate change, deforestation, desertification, droughts, floods, and depletion of natural waterbodies resulting from anthropogenic and natural activities add to these miseries.