Wastewater Treatment Application Notes

  1. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors Can Help Meet Pure Steam Requirements In Pharmaceutical Industry
    8/10/2017

    Pure steam is used in sterilization chambers as a common method to sterilize pharmaceutical products, such as equipment parts, instruments, containers and materials for sterile environments.

  2. Degassing Sea Water Has Never Been This Compact, Efficient, And Adaptable
    6/27/2017

    3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors offer a modular skid option for off-shore oil platforms that is significantly smaller and lighter than traditional vacuum towers.

  3. Determination Of Pesticide Residues In Honey, By An Automated QuEChERS Solution
    9/17/2014

    The QuEChERS (Quick-Easy-Cheap-Effective-Rugged-Safe) sample extraction method was developed for the determination of pesticide residues in agricultural commodities.

  4. Application Note: Building A Baseline In Florida
    5/25/2006
    The Florida Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) knows that establishing dissolved oxygen (DO) and nutrient criteria for the state’s water bodies is a challenge – both scientifically and politically
  5. Chemical Cost Comparison Of A Conventional Deaerator vs. A 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactor System
    6/27/2017

    Mixed bed ion exchange is often used to polish reverse osmosis (RO) permeate in many industrial water systems. This process has been utilized for several years and it is well known that the management of the dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) in the water is critical for an efficient operation. By Membrana

  6. Monitoring Nitrates In Drinking Water And Wastewater

    Nitrate is present in high levels in wastewater due in part to the high nitrates present in human sewage but also from some types of industrial effluent entering the municipal sewer system.

  7. Bringing Efficiency And New Confidence To BOD₅ Analysis
    2/4/2013

    Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) analysis is the test everyone loves to hate—and for compelling reasons.

  8. Application Note: Preliminary Performance Study On An On-Line TOC Analyzer In Pharmaceutical Applications
    5/28/2009
    Total Organic Carbon (TOC) analysis is an effective technique for detecting and measuring the presence of organic contaminants in waters used throughout industrial processes, municipal water uses, and for determining residual concentrations of organic material on the surfaces of equipment used in the manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients. By Jeffrey Lane, Steve Skalski, and Gary Engelhart, OI Analytical
  9. Analyzing Total Organic Carbon In Sea Water
    4/2/2015

    The analysis of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in seawater can be both challenging and expensive. The concentration of organic carbon in seawater is of considerable interest. The effect this matrix can have on TOC analyzers can lead to rapid consumable turnover, costly maintenance and repairs.

  10. Disinfection By-Products (DBP) Precursor Monitoring
    2/1/2013

    Chlorine has long been used as a primary disinfection method for many water and wastewater treatment applications. However, there is growing concern about the harmful DBP’s produced by the use of chlorine.