DESALINATION CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Long-Term Performance And Boron Rejection Of LG SWRO Membranes In Malta Desalination Plants
Long-Term Performance And Boron Rejection Of LG SWRO Membranes In Malta Desalination Plants

Malta is an archipelago of three islands situated in the Mediterranean Sea, around fifty miles south of Sicily. There are no rivers of any significance on the islands, and the sparse annual rainfall is only about 500 mm. In order to bridge the gap between supply and demand, Malta has long ago started desalination of seawater. The technologies were initially based on evaporation. In 1981 the Government decided to invest in RO desalination capacity.

Pulp And Paper Manufacturer Significantly Increases Production While Complying With Discharge Limitations
Pulp And Paper Manufacturer Significantly Increases Production While Complying With Discharge Limitations

A U.S.-based pulp and paper manufacturer required high purity process and boiler feed water. It was using water from a local well and treating it with a 150 gpm conventional RO system operating at 75% recovery, but this was creating 50 gpm of wastewater – over 26 million gallons per year.

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DESALINATION PRODUCTS

ReFlex Max™ Reverse Osmosis ReFlex Max™ Reverse Osmosis

Desalitech ReFlex Max Reverse Osmosis systems are highly efficient, typically reducing brine waste by 50% to 75% and energy consumption by up to 35%.

Grundfos Booster Module Systems Grundfos Booster Module Systems

The BMS range is a new range of booster modules for reverse osmosis and ultra-filtration applications that improve efficiency with a directly coupled pump powered by a permanent magnet motor and VFD.

MARINER OMNIPURE® Marine Sanitation Devices MARINER OMNIPURE® Marine Sanitation Devices

The MARINER OMNIPURE® series of Marine Sanitation Devices offer a fresh approach to sewage treatment in the workboat vessel market. With treatment capacities of up to 60 persons (black water) and up to 25 persons (black and gray), the largest unit treats 1,796 gallons (6,800 Liters) of human wastewater per day. The USCG Certified Type II MARINER OMNIPURE units incorporate the same electrolytic treatment benefits of any other OMNIPURE unit, but with the added advantages of less maintenance and a small, compact size to fit vessels in the workboat vessel market.

ReFlex™ Reverse Osmosis ReFlex™ Reverse Osmosis

Desalitech's ReFlex Reverse Osmosis systems represent a new era of water treatment efficiency. With patented CCD technology, ReFlex systems guarantee maximum water savings and waste water reduction. Desalitech systems are making the best use of water resources, offering a recovery rate of up to 98 percent plus unmatched reliability and flexibility. ReFlex Reverse Osmosis typically reduces disposal costs by 50 percent to 75 percent and energy consumption by up to 35 percent.

ROMEMBRA® Seawater RO Elements ROMEMBRA® Seawater RO Elements

Following 4”, 8” and 16” membranes can be used in multiple membrane systems to treat sea water or high salinity water > 10’000 ppm. The 4” membrane types can be used for small private or shipboard sea water desalination.

Wastewater Recycle/Water Reuse Wastewater Recycle/Water Reuse

Aquatech provides wastewater recycle/water reuse systems that incorporate their experience with many technologies associated with wastewater treatment associated with industrial applications.

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DESALINATION PODCASTS

New Technology Will Be Key To Higher Recovery Rates New Technology Will Be Key To Higher Recovery Rates

A growing number of regions with stressed water resources are focusing on improving their rate of recovery. Being able to tap into new technology to increase recovery will be key to meeting water demands while avoiding waste and practicing sustainability. In this Water Talk interview, Rick Myer, business development officer for Magna Imperio Systems, discusses new solutions for water recovery and energy savings. This includes systems for brackish water desalination, treatment of high-silica waters, and brine recovery applications which are now available to industries and municipalities worldwide.

How Far Can RDI Desalination Go? How Far Can RDI Desalination Go?

Radial deionization is a desalination technique that utilizes two oppositely charged supercapacitors to attract ions out of a water stream. Atlantis Technologies utilizes the process in its line of RDI Desalination Systems and sees the opportunity to capitalize on its innovative capabilities.

A Better Understanding Of Desalination A Better Understanding Of Desalination

As an expert on utility resiliency for a changing climate, John Batten, Global Water & Cities Director for ARCADIS, discusses the prospects of desalination for bolstering U.S. water supplies.

Radial Deionization—A 'Game Changer' For Water Recovery Radial Deionization—A 'Game Changer' For Water Recovery

Atlantis Technologies has developed a new desalination device, and it might just be a game changer.

What Is Closed Circuit Desalination? What Is Closed Circuit Desalination?

Closed circuit desalination (CCD) is the trade name for a new change in the reverse osmosis (RO) process, explains Rick Stover, Executive Vice President of Desalitech, in an interview with Water Online Radio.

The Future Of Water: Reuse, Energy-Efficient Technologies On The Horizon The Future Of Water: Reuse, Energy-Efficient Technologies On The Horizon

The U.S. should be paying attention to innovation happening in the water space worldwide, says Ryan Spanton of WesTech, in an interview with Water Online Radio.

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DESALINATION VIDEOS

About Fluence Corporation About Fluence Corporation

RWL Water and Emefcy have merged to create Fluence Corporation, bringing together breakthrough, energy-saving technologies and proven delivery platforms that optimize treatment solutions for the complete water cycle. Fluence products address all segments of the water value chain, including desalination, reuse, wastewater treatment, freshwater treatment, and waste-to-energy — making it one of the world’s most comprehensive distributed water services firms. Visit us at WEFTEC booth #7135.

RWL Water & Emefcy Announce Merger To Form Fluence Corporation, Ltd. RWL Water & Emefcy Announce Merger To Form Fluence Corporation, Ltd.

Founded in 2017, under the consolidation of global water industry leaders Emefcy and RWL Water, Fluence was established with a vision to become the key global provider in decentralized water and wastewater solutions.

Resourcing the World Resourcing the World

The world has to rethink its relationship with resources and come up with new social and economic growth models that are more efficient, better balanced and more sustainable.
 

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DESALINATION SUPPLIERS

  • Amiad Water Systems
    Amiad Water Systems

    Amiad Water Systems is a world leader in water filtration equipment and treatment solutions.

    For over 50 years Amiad has been committed to developing a comprehensive line of robust water filtration equipment and integrated treatment packages for water applications in the industrial, municipal (potable and wastewater), oil and gas, commercial HVAC, ballast water, agriculture, irrigation, and aquaculture markets. Our filters are in use in over 70 countries around the world. Every Amiad system is built for efficiency, effectiveness and reliability and is backed by our commitment to excellence and dedication to customer service.

  • Aquatech International Corporation
    Aquatech International Corporation For over 2 decades, Aquatech has provided industry worldwide with proven water and wastewater treatment systems|We strive to enable our customers to maximize efficiency by concentrating on their core businesses while we provide the leadership and expertise necessary in water treatment|Our mission is to utilize innovation and performance excellence to drive toward the ultimate goal--a lower overall life cycle cost of treatment
  • Filtronics, Inc.
    Filtronics, Inc.

    Filtronics has manufactured water and waste water treatment systems for industrial and municipal applications since 1974

  • PEPCON Systems
    PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
  • QUA Group LLC
    QUA Group LLC

    QUA® is a leading-edge developer and manufacturer of advanced membrane products, which includes fractional electrodeionization (FEDI) and hollow fiber ultrafiltration module (Q-SEP). These are engineered with innovative technologies, which are used to treat challenging waters. QUA is leveraging its deep roots in R&D, the expertise of staff that is highly experienced in water treatment technologies, and its significant financial resources to become a global technology leader in the development of products for water and wastewater treatment applications.

  • De Nora
    De Nora

    De Nora Water Technologies is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • Veolia Water Technologies
    Veolia Water Technologies

    Veolia Water Technologies offers comprehensive water and wastewater solutions for industrial and municipal customers. With unique technologies and process expertise, Veolia specializes in engineering, design, and project management, construction and execution.

  • Leopold -- A Xylem Brand
    Leopold -- A Xylem Brand

    Leopold Universal Type S and SL Underdrain|Leopold IMS Cap|Leopold DAF - Dissolved Air Flotation|Leopold Clari-Trac (CT2) Submerged Sludge Collector|Leopold Clari-Vac Floating Sludge Collector|Leopold Engineered Filter Media Products|Leopold Instruments And Controls| Leopold Ultrafiltration Membrane Systems

ABOUT DESALINATION

 

Desalination is the process of removing salt and other minerals from saline water. In regions of the world where water is scarce, such as Saudi Arabia, desalination is seen as a viable alternative to more traditional potable water treatment. Desalination has also been used to produce a reliable water supply in tourist destinations such as Aruba. Desalination has also been gaining traction in areas of rapid population growth such as Singapore and Beijing.

Traditionally, desalination plants have been expensive in comparison to traditional drinking water plants due to the upfront financing costs, treated water transportation costs and ongoing energy and concentrate disposal costs. However, as technical innovation brings the energy cost of desalination down and populations continue to migrate to warm, arid climates such as Phoenix, AZ, desalination is starting to catch on as a viable alternative.

All desalination processes involve three liquid streams. The first stream is the saline feed water which is also called brackish water or seawater. The second stream is the low-salinity product or finished, treated water. The third stream is the byproduct of the desalination process, the very saline concentrate brine or reject water.

The primary desalination process being used commercially for drinking water treatment is reverse osmosis, where a semi-permeable membrane is used to separate the salt and other minerals from the pure water. A reverse osmosis desalination system consists of four major processes. During the pretreatment phase, the incoming brackish or seawater is pretreated to adjust its pH, remove suspended solids, and control scaling to avoid fouling the membranes.

During the second phase, pumps raise the pressure of the pretreated feed water to create the correct pressure differential between the pressurized feed water and the product water to move the permeate through the membrane. The pressurization phase is followed by the separation phase, creating a freshwater product stream and a concentrated brine reject stream. Two of the most popular reverse osmosis membranes used during this phase are the spiral wound and hollow fine fiber membranes.

The final phase of the desalination process is the stabilization phase that often requires a pH adjustment and degasification before being transferred into the drinking water distribution system.