CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Burnsville Becomes First Metro System With On‐Site Hypochlorite Generation
Burnsville Becomes First Metro System With On‐Site Hypochlorite Generation

When Linda Mullen took over as water superintendent in Burnsville in 2007, the city was in the process of adding surface‐water treatment to its existing plant. Burnsville began purchasing water from the nearby Kraemer Mining and Materials quarry, both to supplement its supply and to help the quarry meet discharge permits.

  • Mountain Regional Water District Deploys Next Generation On-Site Hypochlorite And Tank Mixing Technology To Meet Expanding Water Management Needs
    Mountain Regional Water District Deploys Next Generation On-Site Hypochlorite And Tank Mixing Technology To Meet Expanding Water Management Needs

    The Mountain Regional Water District is a Special Service District of the county that was established by the Summit County Commission in 2000 to regionalize water service by consolidating several public and private water companies.

  • Four Day Pilot Study For Iron And Manganese Does The Trick
    Four Day Pilot Study For Iron And Manganese Does The Trick

    The City of Southgate, California wanted to investigate the effect of replacing the existing media in their Well 27 treatment plant. The plant would not reduce the incoming manganese levels to below the 50 μg/l MCL. It has been theorized that the existing media has become fouled beyond cleaning during the one year plus of non-operation while contained in the filter tank full of water. That environment could produce a likely source of biological and other sources of fouling.

  • Arsenic Removal Pilot Study Meets California Standards
    Arsenic Removal Pilot Study Meets California Standards

    Well water from several locations in Ridgecrest, California area is high in arsenic, carbonates and pH. Due to the high levels of arsenic, some wells are not being used to supply municipal water to the city of Ridgecrest and were shutdown. Due to local demand, the feasibility of treating these wells to remove most of the arsenic before blending with water from other wells is being investigated.

  • San Jose Water Company Solves Chloramine Residual Problem With The Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor® RCS Chloramine Management System
    San Jose Water Company Solves Chloramine Residual Problem With The Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor® RCS Chloramine Management System

    A San Jose Water Quality Engineer said, "I wasn’t convinced that PSI’s Monoclor chloramine dosing system would solve our problems after several failed attempts to improve residual, but with PSI offering a trial including installation, operation, and troubleshooting for three months, San Jose Water decided to invest the necessary resources to pilot this system.

  • EPA Researchers Partner With WaterStep To Deliver Clean Water During Emergencies
    EPA Researchers Partner With WaterStep To Deliver Clean Water During Emergencies

    Following a disaster like the back-to-back hurricanes that hit Texas, Florida, and Puerto Rico in 2017, water systems can become flooded and unable to provide safe drinking water to communities. EPA researchers recognized the need for portable water treatment systems that can quickly and cost-effectively provide safe drinking water to affected communities following a disaster. 

  • Full-Scale Installation Report For Z-92® Uranium Removal – City Of Grand Island, NE
    Full-Scale Installation Report For Z-92® Uranium Removal – City Of Grand Island, NE

    A single WRT Z-92® Uranium Removal treatment system was selected by the City of Grand Island, NE to remove high concentrations of uranium in three city wells.  When the Z-92® Uranium Removal treatment system was installed in 2012, it was the largest uranium treatment facility in the nation. The high uranium in the raw water source is consistently being reduced to levels below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). 

  • Conversion To On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Improves The Safety And Resilience Of Two Wastewater Reuse Plants With A Three-Year Economic Payback
    Conversion To On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Improves The Safety And Resilience Of Two Wastewater Reuse Plants With A Three-Year Economic Payback

    Aqua Engineers is a local Hawaiian company founded almost 40 years ago which delivers operations, engineering, and construction management to the water and wastewater industry throughout Hawaii. Also, as an owner and operator, Aqua Engineers is keenly focused on the return on investment for process equipment decisions, but also on the safety of its operators and surrounding community. Read the full case study to learn why Aqua Engineers chose the Microclor OSHG system provided by UGSI Solutions for both their sites in 2016.

  • Cobb County Expands “Excellent Production Of Potable Water” With ClorTec® DN OSHG System
    Cobb County Expands “Excellent Production Of Potable Water” With ClorTec® DN OSHG System

    De Nora’s ClorTec® DN OSHG systems feature market-driven innovations including robust PVC/FRP casings with end view ports, remote monitoring and control, and simple operation and maintenance with 100% access to every component. Systems from 12-3,000 lbs/day produce a guaranteed .8% hypochlorite concentration and feature the DSA® bipolar electrodes pioneered by De Nora. Read about how one community expanded their “excellent production of potable water” with the new ClorTec® DN OSHG System.

  • Hendersonville Water Treatment Plant Features Innovative Disinfection System
    Hendersonville Water Treatment Plant Features Innovative Disinfection System

    Hendersonville Utility District (HUD) serves one of the most populous suburbs of Nashville, Tennessee.

  • Trenton, Missouri Delivers Safety And Efficiency With On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Production From The Process Solutions, Inc. Microclor® System
    Trenton, Missouri Delivers Safety And Efficiency With On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Production From The Process Solutions, Inc. Microclor® System

    Located in Northern Missouri, the city of Trenton and its more than 6,000 residents pride themselves on self‐sufficiency and pragmatic decision making. During the spring of 2012, the utility embarked on the design and construction of chemical feed system upgrades at the existing water plant that would help the city manage the need for new capacity, better control of trihalomethanes (THM’s) and improve operator safety by removing gaseous chlorine as a disinfectant.

  • Technical Support And Service Are Key In A Place “Way Outside Of Ordinary”
    Technical Support And Service Are Key In A Place “Way Outside Of Ordinary”

    Rangely is a remote town with a population of just over 2,200 people located in the upper northwest area of Colorado, thirteen miles from the Utah border. During the course of their routine maintenance, operators noticed problems with a distribution pump. Read the full project profile to learn how Process Solutions’ trained service technicians were able to walk them through a series of diagnostics to further isolate the problem and get the system was back up and running in a short period of time.

  • Evaluation Of Ceraflow-50 As A Filtration Media For Hexavalent Chromium Treatment
    Evaluation Of Ceraflow-50 As A Filtration Media For Hexavalent Chromium Treatment

    Pilot testing was conducted to evaluate the relative performance of 4 filter media, including Ceraflow-50, as part of a reduction coagulation filtration (RCF) treatment process for the removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from groundwater. This evaluation was conducted at multiple well sites for a water utility in California.

Southern California Water District Reduces Polymer Usage 30% With Polyblend® Polymer Activation System
Southern California Water District Reduces Polymer Usage 30% With Polyblend® Polymer Activation System

Santa Margarita Water District (SMWD), located in southern California’s Orange County, between Los Angeles and San Diego, provides drinking water and wastewater services to over 165,000 residents and businesses. SMWD approached UGSI Solutions about a Polyblend® Polymer Activation System trial at their 3 A Water Reclamation Plant.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

Contaminant Removal Contaminant Removal

With 90 years of water treatment experience, Loprest has the expertise to design an effective treatment process for your water treatment challenges.  From basic filtration and ion exchange to multiple contaminant applications, challenge Loprest for an economic, effective solution of your water quality compliance issue.

Filter Inspection And Media Replacement Filter Inspection And Media Replacement

Annual filter inspections are a key component to long term, trouble free filter operation. Loprest’s trained service engineers can inspect your treatment system and provide written recommendations for maintenance, improvements and upgrades to keep your filter system operating at its peak performance.

Ion Exchange Systems Ion Exchange Systems

Loprest has been providing ion exchange treatment systems for the removal of arsenic, nitrate, perchlorate, hardness, fluoride and other contaminants for many decades. Loprest has the engineering process and application expertise to select the proper exchange resin and design a treatment system that will optimize the system performance.

NoMonia Biotreatment Solutions NoMonia Biotreatment Solutions

NoMonia is a dual-stage engineered biotreatment process that relies on naturally occurring bacteria. Typically, the amount of ammonia that can be oxidized during the natural nitrification process is limited by oxygen availability and its saturation level in the water.

Injection Skids Injection Skids

Mazzei injection systems are designed using Mazzei’s patented technologies to obtain the most efficient mixing and contacting of air, oxygen, ozone or chemicals into a water stream.

UV Package Plant UV Package Plant

Calgon Carbon UV Technologies is pleased to introduce the C3500D/PS Packaged System for UV Wastewater Disinfection. This product uniquely addresses the needs of smaller communities with effluent flows of less than 2.6 million gallons a day.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Drumming Up Chemical Injection Drumming Up Chemical Injection

The operating ranges for chemical injection need to be large because of the variability of flow in many treatment operations. As Bill McDowell, Vice President of Operations with Blue White Industries explains in this Water Talk interview, “You might be down to as low as 5 or 10 milliliters a minute and then one hour later; you might need to pump 15 gallons a minute out of the same pump and through the same sensor.”

A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water

The facilities run by the University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics have strict standards for water quality, as staff must protect the very sensitive equipment and patients under their care. Safeguarding against such threats as Legionella, there is no room for treatment system downtime. As maintenance issues with the network's existing water treatment systems became ever-increasing, a new technology was sought.

Alternative Treatment For Groundwater Wells Alternative Treatment For Groundwater Wells

AdEdge Water Technologies specializes in inorganic contaminant removal, relying on a variety of treatment technologies such as adsorption, coagulation, oxidation, filtration, RO and ion exchange. Rich Cavagnaro, CEO of AdEdge Water Technologies and Ronit Erlitzki, Director of Business and Product Development for the Company, recently joined Water Talk to discuss a biological treatment technology for groundwater wells.

Will Peracetic Acid Replace Chlorine? Will Peracetic Acid Replace Chlorine?

Chlorine has long been a water treatment staple, but it’s not without its complications. As an alternative, some treatment facilities have been turning to peracetic acid (PAA) and enjoying several key advantages.

Treatment Alternatives For PFCs Treatment Alternatives For PFCs

Over the past two years, no groundwater issue has perhaps received as much community focus and attention as polyfluoroalkyl and perfluoroalkyl substances like PFOA and PFOS, often referred to as perflourinated compounds (PFCs). The U.S. EPA issued a health advisory, limiting the amount of these compounds to 70 parts/trillion which kicked off a nationwide evaluation of local water sources.

Lighting The Way: Next Steps For UV Disinfection (Audio) Lighting The Way: Next Steps For UV Disinfection (Audio)

With more than 8,500 municipal installations over 40 years, TrojanUV is well-versed in UV disinfection. What’s next for the technology? Adam Festger, TrojanUV’s market manager for drinking water and environmental contaminant treatment, reveals new trends and products to Water Online Radio’s Todd and Kelly.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

ClorTec  For On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation ClorTec For On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation

There are a number of water and wastewater disinfection options worth considering, but one of the most advantageous is the use of low concentration on-site sodium hypochlorite generation. Among your OSGH options, ClorTec from DeNora leads the way. Watch the full video to learn more.

An Introduction To NeoTech Aqua Solutions An Introduction To NeoTech Aqua Solutions

Whether you’re managing municipal waters, working with cooling towers, or producing clean water, NeoTech Aqua Solutions offers disinfection, TOC reduction, and ozone destruction products that can be easily sized for your requirements.  Real-time dosimetry units provide exact dosage measurements, and a minimum number of lamps allow for halting of water flow without powering the unit down.

WEDECO PRO<sub>3</sub>MIX Overview WEDECO PRO3MIX Overview

The PRO3MIX bromate control system is an intelligent ozone-based advanced oxidation process (AOP) introduction and reaction system enabling ozone treatment in a compact and intelligent design to mitigate bromate formation even in cases of high level bromide in source water. This short animated overview walks the reader through the various disinfection points of the process.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).