CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Tank Shark® Active Tank Mixing Proven To Be Superior To Dedicated Tank Inlet/Outlet Design
Tank Shark® Active Tank Mixing Proven To Be Superior To Dedicated Tank Inlet/Outlet Design

San Jose Water Company (SJWC) provides drinking water for over a million people in the greater San Jose Metropolitan region and is a recognized leader in drinking water treatment and distribution system water quality management. With over 90 water storage facilities in service, planned maintenance and rehabilitation of capital assets is a key component of SJWC’s CIP program.

Update And Upgrade Of Ozone Dissolution System At Southwest Water Treatment Plant
Update And Upgrade Of Ozone Dissolution System At Southwest Water Treatment Plant

The burden of the unavailability of replacement parts for the aging generators and the FBD basin high maintenance motivated the Orlando Utilities Commission's Southwest Water Treatment Plant to update and upgrade the plant’s ozone system.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

UVC Sensors UVC Sensors

Sensors work together with ballasts and lamps in a control loop.

Pipeline Flash Reactors for Mixing & Contacting Pipeline Flash Reactors for Mixing & Contacting

Pipeline Flash Reactors™ (PFRs or spool pieces) utilize high velocity mixing to transfer ozone or oxygen-enriched sidestreams into bulk water flow, all within a compact footprint. With a PFR, ozone or oxygen mass transfer occurs in the pipeline within seconds, eliminating the need for additional tanks or basins. Whether it is providing ozone for water purification or increased dissolved oxygen for wastewater, Mazzei’s PFR uniformly distributes gas into the water and minimizes the size and cost of gas contacting.

GDT Mixing & Contacting Systems GDT Mixing & Contacting Systems

The GDT™ Process starts with the creation of ozone from an Ozone Generator. The ozone is then drawn into a Mazzei®Venturi Injector which provides dynamic mixing (a Back Pressure Control Valve adjusts injector outlet pressure optimizing ozone mass transfer in the system). Then mixing and contacting is enhanced in a Flash Reactor™. From there the two-phase flow travels to the Degas Separator (DS) & Relief Valve for additional mixing and entrained gas removal. And finally, the MTM Mixing Nozzles force dissolved ozone flow into the untreated water in the pipeline or basin for thorough mixing.

Capital Controls® Series CL500, CL1000 And CL1000B Residual Analyzers Capital Controls® Series CL500, CL1000 And CL1000B Residual Analyzers

The Capital Controls® CL500 residual analyzer is designed to continuously monitor free and total chlorine. The analyzer is auto ranging to 20 mg/l and operates using the amperometric method of measurement. The amperometric method is EPA approved for on-line chlorine residual monitoring in drinking water.

SureSafe™ Filter Cartridges SureSafe™ Filter Cartridges

SureSafe™ Filter Cartridges will inhibit the growth of Legionella on your filter cartridges. Silver has been used to help sanitize liquids for more than 4,000 years. Permanent Silver Zeolite fibers are used to manufacture HARMSCO® SureSafe™ Filtration Media which inhibits the growth of biofilms on and in the filtration media.

ClorTec® On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Systems T Series ClorTec® On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation Systems T Series

ClorTec T systems easily control sodium hypochlorite production and provide a powerful disinfection method for any application. T systems meet requirements for 2 to 36 lb/day (0.9 to 16 kg/day) chlorine equivalent. Applications include potable water, wastewater, odor and corrosion control, cooling towers, oxidation and swimming pool disinfection.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Carbon Company Highlights Ion Exchange Carbon Company Highlights Ion Exchange

Activated carbon and ion exchange can be called two sides of the same coin. Where activated carbon purifies water by removing organic contaminants through an adsorption process, ion exchange removes contaminants under the surface via electrical charge.

Safer Disinfection With Peracetic Acid Safer Disinfection With Peracetic Acid

John Maziuk, Technical Development Manager at Solvay Chemicals, discusses the benefits of peracetic acid over other wastewater and stormwater disinfection methods, including no harmful byproducts, a simpler process, and a longer shelf life.

Polymer Activation And Onsite Hypochlorite Generation Polymer Activation And Onsite Hypochlorite Generation

Polymer activation through proper hydration of the polymer particle is critical in water clarification or sludge dewatering applications. According to Jeff Rhodes, Vice President of Commercial Development for UGSI Solutions, “the key is to have a high energy zone at the moment of initial welding, when the polymer and the water come together.”

A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water

The facilities run by the University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics have strict standards for water quality, as staff must protect the very sensitive equipment and patients under their care. Safeguarding against such threats as Legionella, there is no room for treatment system downtime. As maintenance issues with the network's existing water treatment systems became ever-increasing, a new technology was sought.

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

Conventional ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is a great, but often expensive, solution for the destruction of pathogens in drinking water. All those lamps and power emissions add up. But what if you could perform the same job with 1/10 of the power used by conventional systems?

A Sustainable Solution For Treating Contaminants A Sustainable Solution For Treating Contaminants

There are a number of regulations in drinking water centered around emerging contaminants. Hexavalent chromium is one that you’ll see on the national marketplace.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

ACTIFLO® CARB, Optimal Treatment Of Natural Organic Matter ACTIFLO® CARB, Optimal Treatment Of Natural Organic Matter

The ACTIFLO® CARB process combines the features and the efficiency of ACTIFLO® with the adsorption qualities of activated carbon to remove compounds that are refractory to water clarification.

Ozone Simplified: Make Your Next Disinfection Project As Simple As 1-2-O<sub>3</sub> Ozone Simplified: Make Your Next Disinfection Project As Simple As 1-2-O3

Pinnacle Ozone Solutions was founded with the goal of simplifying the ozone process.  Our products and systems specifically designed to be modular, reliable, and both energy and cost efficient.  Our truly unique approach allows each system to be precisely matched to your individual needs using truly independent QuadBlock™ ozone generator cells. This approach also allows for easy expansion, reduces the need for costly redundant or standby equipment, and can be fully upgraded at any time. Watch this informative video about how Pinnacle’s radically simple approach to ozone projects. 

biottta Biological Filtration In California biottta Biological Filtration In California

Delano, a small town in California's Central Valley, was experiencing high nitrate levels in their groundwater. AdEdge, in conjunction with Carollo Engineers, designed, manufactured, and commissioned a biottta biological filtration system for nitrate removal rated for 570 gpm.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).