White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. Level Measurement Of Corrosive Materials With New Radar Antenna
    11/23/2015

    A midstream gathering and processing gas company in the Southern United States processes, treats, and compresses natural gas from a formation rich in hydrocarbons, liquids, hydrogen sulfide, nitrogen, and CO2.

  2. Oil, Gas And Water In Real Time
    8/24/2015

    Recently launched by ABB, the VIS (VEGA Isokinetic Sampling) Multi-Phase Flow Meter is the ideal solution for measuring and monitoring flow rates of oil, gas and water close to the wellhead. VIS enables simultaneous measurement of the three different phases with extreme accuracy.

  3. Measuring Flare Gas Within The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme
    12/2/2017

    Flare gas is the name given to the surplus waste gas produced during the extraction of crude oil and the subsequent refining process.

  4. Importance Of Flare Gas Measurement Grows To Meet Environmental Regulations
    12/1/2017

    In the oil and gas industry, regulations and requirements to measure, monitor and report flared gases continue to expand and extend. The U.S. EPA continues to focus on enhancing regulations aimed at reducing emissions of methane and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the environment.

  5. 5 Approaches To Treating Wastewater In Petrochemical Production
    5/12/2016

    At Praxair, we are making our planet more productive. Whether it is by providing industrial gases that are used in the refining and processing of fossil fuels or technologies that allow facilities to reliably meet their wastewater treatment guidelines, Praxair is helping companies be more productive.

  6. Technology Qualification Of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    7/11/2017

    The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.

  7. Discfilters Treat Up To 12,000 gpm Of Secondary Sewage For Cooling Water
    10/26/2016

    The client is one of the largest combined electric and gas companies in the United States, servicing 1.8 million gas customers and 2.2 million electric customers in more than 300 urban, suburban and rural communities. Following a successful site visit, the Client contracted Veolia for the treatment of up to 2725m³/h (12,000 gpm) of sewage plant effluent for cooling tower make-up.

  8. Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI) Technology For RO Permeate Polishing And Demineralization
    5/5/2016

    Sabine Pass, a large LNG refinery in the U.S., required a membrane desalination solution to cater to its extensive process water needs in order to produce a large amount of liquefied natural gas for export.

  9. From The 1970s To Today – 4 Key Advances In Coriolis Flow Measurement
    11/8/2017

    Since the first Coriolis flow sensors were introduced to the marketplace in the 1970s, the technology has evolved considerably. As the installed base for Coriolis grew, the sensors were being called upon to deliver data in environments with increasing levels of complexity. This meant that Coriolis sensors had to adapt and conform to a dizzying array of ever-changing installation requirements, process conditions, communication formats, and configuration parameters. The following article highlights four key advances in Coriolis flow measurement’s journey from the 1970s to today.

  10. Refinery Chooses Ultrasonic Flow Technology
    2/3/2016

    An Oklahoma refinery recently required a flow measurement solution for a finished gasoline and diesel fuel line leaving the refinery site. They were already using a Siemens clamp-on check meter and interface detector elsewhere and hoped to install the same product on the fuel line. However, the local Siemens representative determined that there would not be enough straight run of pipe to support a clamp-on meter, and the refinery decided that they would need to bring the pipe above ground.