White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. FEDI Solution For Sohar Refinery Project
    1/1/2016

    Orpic (Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company) required a thermal seawater desalination solution as part of its Sohar refinery improvement project to ensure an uninterrupted supply of fresh feed water to for its boilers.

  2. 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors Remove Dissolved Gases From Water In Many Hydrocarbon Recovery And Process Applications
    11/26/2013

    The oil and gas industry has utilized various deaeration technologies for many years to remove dissolved gases, particularly oxygen, from injection water. Minimizing the environmental impact, improving operating efficiency, avoiding process issues and protecting system components are just a few of the reasons degassing is necessary in many hydrocarbon recovery and water processes.

  3. Water Treatments Mass Exodus To Improved Chemical Dosing
    6/13/2017

    When first moved from water reservoirs, water contains materials that need to be treated and or removed. All microorganisms, flora and fauna waste, assorted dirt and insects all need to be dealt with before, water is fit for human consumption.  It is understood that, water needs to make many detours in its path from raw supplies to the tap.   All these detours start at the treatment plant.  At the plant water goes though applications that remove contaminants such as suspended solids, bacteria, algae, fungi, and minerals such as iron and manganese. The final objective is to turn contaminated debris choked water into safe, drinking water.

  4. How To Manage The 4 Water-Based Fluids Associated With Hydraulic Fracturing
    12/26/2013

    The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.

  5. Clamp-On Flowmeters Increase Gas Pipeline Performance
    1/29/2016

    SITRANS FUG1010 portable ultrasonic clamp-on flowmeters used to check and verify the performance of existing metering equipment in a gas pipeline enables gas distribution company to increase operation efficiency by revealing measurement issues and discrepancies. Read the full case study to learn more.

  6. Pacing A Hydrocarbon Sampler With No Plant Downtime
    1/29/2016

    An oil refinery in the Southwest United States needed to sample diesel flow during shipment to ensure that the product characteristics were uniform throughout the batch. A local hydrocarbon sampler company provided a pressurized sampler. However, a flowmeter would also be necessary to pace the taking of the diesel sample with the flow.

  7. Refinery Expands Production While Meeting Discharge Standards Quality
    8/5/2016

    Petron Bataan Refinery wanted to expand production to process 180 thousand barrels of crude oil per day while changing its feedstock from Arab Light to less costly heavy and sour crudes.

  8. Power Plant In Puerto Rico Selects FEDI Solution For Water Treatment
    5/19/2016

    The South Coast Steam Power Plant, Puerto Rico, decided to replace an old, antiquated ion exchange-based demineralization plant with a membrane-based demineralization system.

  9. New Technologies Set To 'Disrupt' The Industry
    2/24/2014

    For the unfamiliar, the term “disruptive technology” initially sounds quite bad, as though it describes something that gets in the way. Far from impeding progress, however, disruptive technologies actually accelerate progress exponentially by disrupting the status quo. Think personal computers vs. mainframes, or cell phones vs. land lines.

  10. Flow Switches For Refinery Water / Wastewater Control
    12/15/2017

    To ensure quality production of petroleum-based products in oil refineries, including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, heating oil, and byproducts for plastics and a variety of lubricants, operators must establish reliable water monitoring and treatment. There are three refinery process areas that require large amounts of water: cooling water units, desalter units and wastewater treatment plants.