White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors Remove Dissolved Gases From Water In Many Hydrocarbon Recovery And Process Applications
    11/26/2013

    The oil and gas industry has utilized various deaeration technologies for many years to remove dissolved gases, particularly oxygen, from injection water. Minimizing the environmental impact, improving operating efficiency, avoiding process issues and protecting system components are just a few of the reasons degassing is necessary in many hydrocarbon recovery and water processes.

  2. New Technologies Set To 'Disrupt' The Industry
    2/24/2014

    For the unfamiliar, the term “disruptive technology” initially sounds quite bad, as though it describes something that gets in the way. Far from impeding progress, however, disruptive technologies actually accelerate progress exponentially by disrupting the status quo. Think personal computers vs. mainframes, or cell phones vs. land lines.

  3. Deploying Software-Based Emission Monitoring Systems For Refining Processes
    7/13/2015

    In the process industries, legal requirements regulate the continuous acquisition of emission data to monitor and control pollutants released into the atmosphere. Data verifies that plant emissions do not exceed law-enforced thresholds. From a plant owner's perspective, it's important that efficient and reliable tools for acquiring emission data are available. Typical plant continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) are essentially hardware-based.

  4. Flow Meter Advisory: Follow The Money
    5/26/2017

    While the majority of household consumers believe that they deserve the full attention of a water system, from a revenue perspective this does not bear out. Though the average home faucet is undoubtedly valued by its drinking water provider, the reality is that the vast majority of drinking water revenue comes from heavy-use commercial and industrial operations.

  5. Level Measurement Precision In North American Oil Fracking
    11/23/2015

    A newly discovered oil patch in western North America uses Siemens level technology during oil and natural gas extraction. SITRANS LR250 continuous radar for liquid level measurement plus Pointek CLS200 capacitance point level offer a winning combination in this application.

  6. Water Treatments Mass Exodus To Improved Chemical Dosing
    6/13/2017

    When first moved from water reservoirs, water contains materials that need to be treated and or removed. All microorganisms, flora and fauna waste, assorted dirt and insects all need to be dealt with before, water is fit for human consumption.  It is understood that, water needs to make many detours in its path from raw supplies to the tap.   All these detours start at the treatment plant.  At the plant water goes though applications that remove contaminants such as suspended solids, bacteria, algae, fungi, and minerals such as iron and manganese. The final objective is to turn contaminated debris choked water into safe, drinking water.

  7. FEDI System Is Key To Long-Term Success Of Plant’s Oil Refining Process
    5/19/2016

    Petrogas LLP, one of the world’s largest oil rehabilitation companies, required demineralized water for a new boiler component to its Turkmenistan refinery.

  8. Technology Qualification Of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    7/11/2017

    The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.

  9. Flow Switches For Refinery Water / Wastewater Control
    12/15/2017

    To ensure quality production of petroleum-based products in oil refineries, including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, heating oil, and byproducts for plastics and a variety of lubricants, operators must establish reliable water monitoring and treatment. There are three refinery process areas that require large amounts of water: cooling water units, desalter units and wastewater treatment plants.

  10. 5 Approaches To Treating Wastewater In Petrochemical Production
    5/12/2016

    At Praxair, we are making our planet more productive. Whether it is by providing industrial gases that are used in the refining and processing of fossil fuels or technologies that allow facilities to reliably meet their wastewater treatment guidelines, Praxair is helping companies be more productive.