White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. 5 Approaches To Treating Wastewater In Petrochemical Production
    5/12/2016

    At Praxair, we are making our planet more productive. Whether it is by providing industrial gases that are used in the refining and processing of fossil fuels or technologies that allow facilities to reliably meet their wastewater treatment guidelines, Praxair is helping companies be more productive.

  2. 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors Remove Dissolved Gases From Water In Many Hydrocarbon Recovery And Process Applications
    11/26/2013

    The oil and gas industry has utilized various deaeration technologies for many years to remove dissolved gases, particularly oxygen, from injection water. Minimizing the environmental impact, improving operating efficiency, avoiding process issues and protecting system components are just a few of the reasons degassing is necessary in many hydrocarbon recovery and water processes.

  3. FEDI Solution For Sohar Refinery Project
    1/1/2016

    Orpic (Oman Oil Refineries and Petroleum Industries Company) required a thermal seawater desalination solution as part of its Sohar refinery improvement project to ensure an uninterrupted supply of fresh feed water to for its boilers.

  4. Reduce The Risks Of Tank Gauging By Using Work Practice Control
    5/3/2017

    Manual tank gauging is a common oilfield activity that’s resulted in multiple worker deaths in recent years. By using work practice control, operators can reduce the risks it poses significantly.

  5. Level Switch Detects Oil And Nitrogen Interface To Support Effective PIG System Operation
    12/1/2017

    A major oil producer in Alaska’s North Slope region operates miles of transit pipeline as part of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) within the U.S. National Petroleum Reserve – Alaska.

  6. Water Treatments Mass Exodus To Improved Chemical Dosing
    6/13/2017

    When first moved from water reservoirs, water contains materials that need to be treated and or removed. All microorganisms, flora and fauna waste, assorted dirt and insects all need to be dealt with before, water is fit for human consumption.  It is understood that, water needs to make many detours in its path from raw supplies to the tap.   All these detours start at the treatment plant.  At the plant water goes though applications that remove contaminants such as suspended solids, bacteria, algae, fungi, and minerals such as iron and manganese. The final objective is to turn contaminated debris choked water into safe, drinking water.

  7. WirelessHART® Networks: 7 Myths That Cloud Their Consideration For Process Control Measurement Made Easy
    1/20/2017

    Misinformation about WirelessHART networks prevails among many instrument engineers in the process industries. This article attempts to set the record straight by debunking seven myths about these networks.

  8. Technology Qualification Of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    7/11/2017

    The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.

  9. Fuel and Fuel Additives (Fact Sheet)
    2/22/2011

    The fuels that propel modern society have been found in water supplies all over the world. By Trojan Technologies

  10. Oil, Gas And Water In Real Time
    8/24/2015

    Recently launched by ABB, the VIS (VEGA Isokinetic Sampling) Multi-Phase Flow Meter is the ideal solution for measuring and monitoring flow rates of oil, gas and water close to the wellhead. VIS enables simultaneous measurement of the three different phases with extreme accuracy.