White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. Flow Meter Helps HollyFrontier’s Woods Cross Refinery Measure Flare Gas For Safety And Environmental Compliance
    8/13/2018

    When the plant team at HollyFrontier’s Woods Cross Refinery, near Bountiful, Utah, needed mass flow meters to measure flare gas to the main flare header, the team drew on its past metering experiences for this difficult application.

  2. Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection
    12/2/2013

    There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.

  3. Refinery Chooses Ultrasonic Flow Technology
    2/3/2016

    An Oklahoma refinery recently required a flow measurement solution for a finished gasoline and diesel fuel line leaving the refinery site. They were already using a Siemens clamp-on check meter and interface detector elsewhere and hoped to install the same product on the fuel line. However, the local Siemens representative determined that there would not be enough straight run of pipe to support a clamp-on meter, and the refinery decided that they would need to bring the pipe above ground.

  4. Flow Meter Advisory: Follow The Money
    5/26/2017

    While the majority of household consumers believe that they deserve the full attention of a water system, from a revenue perspective this does not bear out. Though the average home faucet is undoubtedly valued by its drinking water provider, the reality is that the vast majority of drinking water revenue comes from heavy-use commercial and industrial operations.

  5. Manipulating Dissolved Gasses With SEPAREL®: Oil & Gas
    2/28/2018

    Degassing applications in the oil industry are numerous; steam is used in nearly all processes for refining oil. Therefore, water must be treated to prevent scale and pipe pitting through the removal of dissolved ions and dissolved gasses such as oxygen and CO2. Boiler feed water for producing steam must also be free of dissolved CO2 and oxygen; SEPAREL® degassing membranes can remove both gasses in a single compact system.

  6. 5 Approaches To Treating Wastewater In Petrochemical Production
    5/12/2016

    At Praxair, we are making our planet more productive. Whether it is by providing industrial gases that are used in the refining and processing of fossil fuels or technologies that allow facilities to reliably meet their wastewater treatment guidelines, Praxair is helping companies be more productive.

  7. Drilling Fluid Producer Discovers The Coriolis Advantage
    1/10/2019

    Drilling fluid is critical for successful oil extraction. Typically made up of water, clay and a complex mix of chemicals, it supports the drilling process in a variety of ways — from lubricating and cooling the drill bit under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions, to lifting drill cuttings to the surface, to maintaining oil well stability and safety. But drilling fluid is not a “one size fits all” solution. To work properly, the fluid must be optimized for the unique geographic conditions of individual well sites.

  8. Flow Switches For Refinery Water Treatment
    12/6/2017

    Reliable monitoring and treatment of water in oil refineries is essential for the production of petroleum-based products, including gasoline, diesel, kerosene, heating oil, and byproducts for plastics and a variety of lubricants. There are three process areas within refineries that require large amounts of water: cooling units, desalter units and wastewater treatment