White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. How To Reduce Methane Emissions With Thermal Mass Flow Meters
    2/18/2016

    The flare gas discussion is heating up again. According to the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), U.S. oil production is at an all-time high, and so are the harmful methane emissions from leaks, flaring and venting.

  2. Greenhouse Gas Flow Monitoring
    12/27/2017

    Last year the EPA implemented new regulations entitled “Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases.” The new regulations called for certain facilities emitting 25,000 metric tons or more per year of specified GHG’s to provide an annual report of their actual GHG emissions. 

  3. Flare Gas Flow Measurement And Control
    2/2/2016

    In oil/gas production, refining and storage operations around the globe, flare gas systems are used to burn-off and dispose of waste, excess or off-gases, and as a safety system. The accurate, responsive and reliable measurement of flare gas is essential in order to assure proper operation of the flare gas system, which protects people and equipment from potentially hazardous combustible gas to maintain a safe working environment and to avoid environmental contamination.

  4. New Technologies Set To 'Disrupt' The Industry
    2/24/2014

    For the unfamiliar, the term “disruptive technology” initially sounds quite bad, as though it describes something that gets in the way. Far from impeding progress, however, disruptive technologies actually accelerate progress exponentially by disrupting the status quo. Think personal computers vs. mainframes, or cell phones vs. land lines.

  5. Wastewater Treatment In Oil Refineries
    3/22/2018

    Refineries are among the major consumers of water that has both process and non-process origins. The average refinery requires 2.5 gallons of water for every gallon of crude oil processed. Depending on the type of crude oil, composition of condensate and treatment processes, the characteristics of refinery wastewater varies widely. The design and operation of modern refinery wastewater treatment plants are challenging and are driven by technology. This article will highlight the most common types of waste streams in a refinery and suitable wastewater treatment strategies.

  6. FEDI System Is Key To Long-Term Success Of Plant’s Oil Refining Process
    5/19/2016

    Petrogas LLP, one of the world’s largest oil rehabilitation companies, required demineralized water for a new boiler component to its Turkmenistan refinery.

  7. Assessing Key Unconventional Shale Wastewater Trends And Opportunities
    2/24/2014

    The shale-gas boom could make water the most important commodity product of the 21st century.

  8. Level Measurement Precision In North American Oil Fracking
    11/23/2015

    A newly discovered oil patch in western North America uses Siemens level technology during oil and natural gas extraction. SITRANS LR250 continuous radar for liquid level measurement plus Pointek CLS200 capacitance point level offer a winning combination in this application.

  9. Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection
    12/2/2013

    There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.

  10. Technology Qualification Of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    7/11/2017

    The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.