White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. Level Switch Detects Oil And Nitrogen Interface To Support Effective PIG System Operation
    1/5/2016

    A major oil producer in Alaska’s North Slope region operates miles of transit pipeline as part of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) within the U.S. National Petroleum Reserve – Alaska.

  2. Deploying Software-Based Emission Monitoring Systems For Refining Processes
    7/13/2015

    In the process industries, legal requirements regulate the continuous acquisition of emission data to monitor and control pollutants released into the atmosphere. Data verifies that plant emissions do not exceed law-enforced thresholds. From a plant owner's perspective, it's important that efficient and reliable tools for acquiring emission data are available. Typical plant continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) are essentially hardware-based.

  3. How To Manage The 4 Water-Based Fluids Associated With Hydraulic Fracturing
    12/26/2013

    The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.

  4. Discfilters Treat Up To 12,000 gpm Of Secondary Sewage For Cooling Water
    10/26/2016

    The client is one of the largest combined electric and gas companies in the United States, servicing 1.8 million gas customers and 2.2 million electric customers in more than 300 urban, suburban and rural communities. Following a successful site visit, the Client contracted Veolia for the treatment of up to 2725m³/h (12,000 gpm) of sewage plant effluent for cooling tower make-up.

  5. Flow Meter Provides Highly Accurate Pipeline Monitoring
    11/23/2015

    An Oklahoma refinery required a flow meter for a finished product line leaving the refinery site. When the local Siemens representative visited the site, it was determined there simply wasn’t enough straight run of pipe to install the Siemens clamp-on check meter/interface detector that the company had already standardized on.

  6. Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection
    12/2/2013

    There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.

  7. New Technologies Set To 'Disrupt' The Industry
    2/24/2014

    For the unfamiliar, the term “disruptive technology” initially sounds quite bad, as though it describes something that gets in the way. Far from impeding progress, however, disruptive technologies actually accelerate progress exponentially by disrupting the status quo. Think personal computers vs. mainframes, or cell phones vs. land lines.

  8. Flow Meter Advisory: Follow The Money
    5/26/2017

    While the majority of household consumers believe that they deserve the full attention of a water system, from a revenue perspective this does not bear out. Though the average home faucet is undoubtedly valued by its drinking water provider, the reality is that the vast majority of drinking water revenue comes from heavy-use commercial and industrial operations.

  9. Monitor Your Pump For Process Efficiency
    2/16/2016

    Pumps are all too frequently one of the most overlooked and abused pieces of equipment in process automation, yet nothing moves without them and a process becomes inefficient when they don’t operate properly or completely shutdown. By Jim Delee, Sr. Member Technical Staff, Fluid Components International

  10. Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI) Technology For RO Permeate Polishing And Demineralization
    5/5/2016

    Sabine Pass, a large LNG refinery in the U.S., required a membrane desalination solution to cater to its extensive process water needs in order to produce a large amount of liquefied natural gas for export.