White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI) Technology For RO Permeate Polishing And Demineralization
    5/5/2016

    Sabine Pass, a large LNG refinery in the U.S., required a membrane desalination solution to cater to its extensive process water needs in order to produce a large amount of liquefied natural gas for export.

  2. Pacing A Hydrocarbon Sampler With No Plant Downtime
    1/29/2016

    An oil refinery in the Southwest United States needed to sample diesel flow during shipment to ensure that the product characteristics were uniform throughout the batch. A local hydrocarbon sampler company provided a pressurized sampler. However, a flowmeter would also be necessary to pace the taking of the diesel sample with the flow.

  3. Refinery Expands Production While Meeting Discharge Standards Quality
    8/5/2016

    Petron Bataan Refinery wanted to expand production to process 180 thousand barrels of crude oil per day while changing its feedstock from Arab Light to less costly heavy and sour crudes.

  4. Manipulating Dissolved Gasses With SEPAREL®: Oil & Gas
    2/28/2018

    Degassing applications in the oil industry are numerous; steam is used in nearly all processes for refining oil. Therefore, water must be treated to prevent scale and pipe pitting through the removal of dissolved ions and dissolved gasses such as oxygen and CO2. Boiler feed water for producing steam must also be free of dissolved CO2 and oxygen; SEPAREL® degassing membranes can remove both gasses in a single compact system.

  5. 3 Dirty Little Secrets About Coriolis Flowmeters
    11/16/2017

    Ever since Coriolis flow measurement technology achieved mainstream appeal, industry has been fervently striving to take advantage of its benefits. And while Coriolis is clearly a highly advantageous solution for many crucial flow measurement applications, it is not without flaw.

  6. 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors Remove Dissolved Gases From Water In Many Hydrocarbon Recovery And Process Applications
    11/26/2013

    The oil and gas industry has utilized various deaeration technologies for many years to remove dissolved gases, particularly oxygen, from injection water. Minimizing the environmental impact, improving operating efficiency, avoiding process issues and protecting system components are just a few of the reasons degassing is necessary in many hydrocarbon recovery and water processes.

  7. Technology Qualification Of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    7/11/2017

    The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.

  8. Assessing Key Unconventional Shale Wastewater Trends And Opportunities
    2/24/2014

    The shale-gas boom could make water the most important commodity product of the 21st century.

  9. Greenhouse Gas Flow Monitoring
    12/27/2017

    Last year the EPA implemented new regulations entitled “Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases.” The new regulations called for certain facilities emitting 25,000 metric tons or more per year of specified GHG’s to provide an annual report of their actual GHG emissions. 

  10. Thermal Mass Flow Meter Helps Mud Logging Contractor Meet U.S. EPA Flare Gas Emissions Monitoring Requirements
    12/14/2017

    Upstream oil/gas production companies around the globe depend on mud logging service companies to analyze mud samples that help them maintain the correct direction for their drilling field operations. In mud logging, samples of rock cuttings from bore holes are brought to the surface by recirculating drilling media (mud) for analysis by a mobile laboratory to determine the lithology and fluid content of the sample.