White Papers and Case Studies for the Petroleum & Refining Industry

  1. Silver Eagle Refinery Case Study
    12/22/2011
    North Salt Lake and West Bountiful are home to several large oil refineries. These large plants have several smoke stacks, open burning flares, and round storage tanks.
  2. Flow Meter Helps HollyFrontier’s Woods Cross Refinery Measure Flare Gas For Safety And Environmental Compliance
    8/13/2018

    When the plant team at HollyFrontier’s Woods Cross Refinery, near Bountiful, Utah, needed mass flow meters to measure flare gas to the main flare header, the team drew on its past metering experiences for this difficult application.

  3. Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection
    12/2/2013

    There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.

  4. Pacing A Hydrocarbon Sampler With No Plant Downtime
    1/29/2016

    An oil refinery in the Southwest United States needed to sample diesel flow during shipment to ensure that the product characteristics were uniform throughout the batch. A local hydrocarbon sampler company provided a pressurized sampler. However, a flowmeter would also be necessary to pace the taking of the diesel sample with the flow.

  5. Water Treatments Mass Exodus To Improved Chemical Dosing
    6/13/2017

    When first moved from water reservoirs, water contains materials that need to be treated and or removed. All microorganisms, flora and fauna waste, assorted dirt and insects all need to be dealt with before, water is fit for human consumption.  It is understood that, water needs to make many detours in its path from raw supplies to the tap.   All these detours start at the treatment plant.  At the plant water goes though applications that remove contaminants such as suspended solids, bacteria, algae, fungi, and minerals such as iron and manganese. The final objective is to turn contaminated debris choked water into safe, drinking water.

  6. Deploying Software-Based Emission Monitoring Systems For Refining Processes
    7/13/2015

    In the process industries, legal requirements regulate the continuous acquisition of emission data to monitor and control pollutants released into the atmosphere. Data verifies that plant emissions do not exceed law-enforced thresholds. From a plant owner's perspective, it's important that efficient and reliable tools for acquiring emission data are available. Typical plant continuous emission monitoring systems (CEMS) are essentially hardware-based.

  7. How To Manage The 4 Water-Based Fluids Associated With Hydraulic Fracturing
    12/26/2013

    The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.

  8. Flow Meter Provides Highly Accurate Pipeline Monitoring
    11/23/2015

    An Oklahoma refinery required a flow meter for a finished product line leaving the refinery site. When the local Siemens representative visited the site, it was determined there simply wasn’t enough straight run of pipe to install the Siemens clamp-on check meter/interface detector that the company had already standardized on.

  9. Refinery Chooses Ultrasonic Flow Technology
    2/3/2016

    An Oklahoma refinery recently required a flow measurement solution for a finished gasoline and diesel fuel line leaving the refinery site. They were already using a Siemens clamp-on check meter and interface detector elsewhere and hoped to install the same product on the fuel line. However, the local Siemens representative determined that there would not be enough straight run of pipe to support a clamp-on meter, and the refinery decided that they would need to bring the pipe above ground.

  10. Oil, Gas And Water In Real Time
    8/24/2015

    Recently launched by ABB, the VIS (VEGA Isokinetic Sampling) Multi-Phase Flow Meter is the ideal solution for measuring and monitoring flow rates of oil, gas and water close to the wellhead. VIS enables simultaneous measurement of the three different phases with extreme accuracy.