Designing an underground stormwater storage system is a unique step in the overall construction process for each site. The size of the inlets and the conveyance pipes are determined by flow rate, elevation, and slope. This information is entered and calculated by stormwater management software to determine the drainage calculation. But many of the measures build upon one another or vary based on different criteria, so it can be a pretty complex process. That’s why we’re going to take a look at the top 10 factors that go into designing and installing one of these systems.
The city of Black River Falls in Wisconsin used chemical treatment with ferric chloride (FeCl3) to achieve their effluent total phosphorus (TP) permit of 1.0 mg/l. Historically, the chemical dosing rate was manually adjusted on a daily basis based on the measured effluent TP concentration. The plant was upgraded with an OSCAR process performance optimizer control system with phosphorus controller, which uses continuous measurement of orthophosphate. Read the full case study to learn more.
Precisely measuring and controlling the mixture of wastewater effluent, flocculants, and sludge is essential to efficient water treatment. The level/interface instruments that support the process liquid measurements must be capable of distinguishing between liquids with varying properties in order to detect the levels where the different liquids interface in the pond or tank.
Two municipalities were faced with odor issues and required corrosion prevention in their collection systems. Monitoring in the sewer lines indicated peak H2S atmospheric concentrations of 300-500 ppm. Both clients desired H2S < 20 mg/L to prevent corrosion and preferably lower to prevent H2S odor.
When California’s Sonoma County Water Agency (SCWA) wanted to improve its sludge solids dewatering as part of a major sludge handling upgrade, they were seeking an alternative to outdated sludge belt press/conveyor technology.
The Bordeaux region of St. Thomas had a pressing need for a wastewater treatment plant that produces high effluent quality. Its existing plant was old and did not meet regulation nor industry standards. Fluence, together with its partner SD&C Inc., built an MABR-based wastewater treatment plant from the ground up, utilizing whatever existing pieces of equipment could be used from the old plant.
In an ideal world, would we not want to eliminate air filters altogether? What keeps us from achieving this is foreign material, detrimental to air, which moves rotating equipment; meanwhile, the process that receives the air sometimes cannot tolerate it.
The effort required to develop water resources engineering models can be significant. But once developed, in many instances the models are only evaluated for a limited, or a single set of conditions. The results and predictions obtained from these evaluations are the ones used in design, presented in reports and conveyed to decision makers and the public.
The City of Crystal Lake is located about 45 miles northwest of Chicago with a population of nearly 45,000 people. Like many wastewater treatment plants, urban sprawl and suburban development puts the Crystal Lake Wastewater Treatment Plant near a host of commercial and residential neighbors, including a high school immediately west of the plant. Plant managers were very forward thinking, and wanted to be good neighbors to those occupying the surrounding area. They wanted to take steps to reduce — and hopefully eliminate completely — any odor issues from the plant.
The replacement feeders also cut bisulfite consumption by 30 percent and ended the troublesome maintenance burden for instrumentation tech and plant operators.
Homes, industry, schools, and businesses all generate sanitary waste, or sewage. Sewage treatment is a multistage process that cleans up wastewater before discharge or reuse. In the final step of the treatment, disinfectants are added to kill disease-causing organisms. Common disinfectants are chlorine gas and sodium hypochlorite. Chlorine dosage levels are designed to leave almost no residual in the wastewater after treatment
The C445 motor management relay offers the most configurable protection options in the industry, with features specifically designed to protect critical pumps from costly damages due to dead-head and other underloaded or starved pump conditions.
The raw sewage entering a wastewater treatment plant comes from a variety of sources. In addition to effluent from domestic users, effluent from industrial users and storm water run off can be present.
Anaerobic digestion processes that radically improve the quality of wastewater while delivering green energy extracted from biological waste streams are emerging as a profitable way for agricultural and food processing industries cope with the twin impact of drought and pollution challenges.
Pesticide residue laboratories are required to undertake analyses of an ever increasing number of samples. The analyses typically involve use of multi-residue methods (both GC-MS and LC-MS) to test for over 500 pesticide residues.
Hach LDO® technology improves the efficiency of pharmaceutical plant’s wastewater treatment process, helping to protect the environment and the community.
While point level measuring approaches are regarded as simple and user-friendly, they lack the capabilities of more sophisticated continuous measuring instruments.
Growing cities are generating higher volumes of wastewater and putting a strain on clean water supplies, calling for solutions that extract value from “waste” and ensure the sustainability of resources — with the added bonus, or imperative, of protecting the environment.
A Q&A with Gary Wong, chairman of the SWAN North American Alliance
Ralph Spagnolo and Ellen Bryson know their way around the state capitals in EPA’s Mid-Atlantic Region. The regional Water Protection Division employees have been on the road helping states launch an innovative online mapping tool that prioritizes sites for watershed preservation or restoration.
Sampling and laboratory testing are major responsibilities for water professionals. Test results are used for process control, and ultimately to determine that water is safe for drinking, reuse, or discharge to the environment. Regulatory agencies rely on reported results for proof of permit compliance. So, obtaining representative, properly collected and preserved samples is the first critical step to ensure accurate test results.
Ever since its invention in 1973 the Muffin Monster two-shafted grinder has been a fixture in wastewater treatment plants sewage sludge systems. The industry has seen significant changes since then but the need for grinders has persisted and evolved with the requirements of plant operators and engineers.