Wastewater Application Notes

  1. Wastewater Treatment Facility Complements On-Line Monitoring With Automated Control
    7/15/2014

    The Minnesota River Valley Public Utilities Commission (MRVPUC) provides wastewater treatment for the City of Le Sueur and the City of Henderson in south-central Minnesota. A significant factor facing the utility is the highly varying phosphorus load that challenges operators to meet the utility’s annual average discharge limit of 1.0 mg/L total phosphorus.

  2. On-Line Phosphorous Measurement Takes The Guesswork Out Of Alum Treatment
    7/16/2013

    Phosphorous promotes eutrophication in surface waters and helps create conditions for algal blooming and oxygen depletion. Some phosphorous removal can occur naturally in a conventional biological wastewater treatment facility, but the result is not reliably compliant with increasingly strict limits on permissible phosphate levels in effluent discharged to receiving streams, ponds and lakes. By Bob Dabkowski, Hach Company

  3. VFD Energy Savings For Pumping Applications
    4/6/2017

    In the early days of variable frequency drive (VFD) technology, the typical application was in process control for manufacturing synthetic fiber, steel bars, and aluminum foil.

  4. The Importance Of Measuring Total Organic Carbon
    4/13/2017

    Organic carbon compounds vary greatly. In fact, one of the first lessons in most introductory Organic Chemistry courses explains that the number of possible carbon compounds is virtually infinite due to carbon’s ability to form long, chain-like molecules. While chromatographic methods like gas chromatography (GC) or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) are able to make quantitative determinations for specific compounds, the user must first know which specific compounds to look for.

  5. Underground Treatment Of Airport Deicing Fluid
    9/15/2011
    While keeping air flight safe, airports and airlines are also obliged to clean up after themselves and protect nearby streams and water bodies. And due to increasing chemical usage and looming regulations, some airports will need to invest in significant infrastructure upgrades to capture and treat stormwater contaminated with deicing fluid. By Scott Wallace, P.E., President, Naturally Wallace Consulting and Mark Liner, PE, Senior Engineer, Naturally Wallace Consulting
  6. Energy Measurement Tools Make Processes More Efficient While Reducing Costs
    11/11/2015

    Rising energy prices have made accurate energy measurement a hot topic in recent decades. The need for accurate measurement technologies extends to many different application areas, including heating and cooling; compressed air; steam production and distribution; heavy fuel oil consumption; energy monitoring; and custody transfer. In response, new technology is being developed that integrates tasks previously requiring several measurement devices.

  7. Hot CIP Sanitization Procedure For 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors In Stainless Steel Housings
    6/7/2017

    Hot Clean-In-Place (CIP) sanitization is commonly used to combat microbial growth in the pharmaceutical and food and beverage industries. Performed frequently as a prevention strategy, hot water sanitization is a requirement for high purity water (HPW) for United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and European Pharmacopoeia (Ph. Eur.).

  8. Ion Exchange Resins Reduce Pollution From Refineries
    12/23/2013

    A single operational oil and gas refinery produces millions of gallons of contaminated wastewater a year, leading to environmental pollution concerns. Ion exchange resins are a metal- and ion-removal solution to help clean this wastewater for plant reuse or safe disposal. This application guide explains how resins can be used to demineralize refinery water in process, boiler, and cooling water applications.

  9. Analyzing Total Organic Carbon In Sea Water
    4/2/2015

    The analysis of Total Organic Carbon (TOC) in seawater can be both challenging and expensive. The concentration of organic carbon in seawater is of considerable interest. The effect this matrix can have on TOC analyzers can lead to rapid consumable turnover, costly maintenance and repairs.

  10. Determination Of Pesticide Residues In Honey, By An Automated QuEChERS Solution
    9/17/2014

    The QuEChERS (Quick-Easy-Cheap-Effective-Rugged-Safe) sample extraction method was developed for the determination of pesticide residues in agricultural commodities.