Wastewater Application Notes

  1. Degassing Boiler Feed Water in China with 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors
    7/6/2017

    ShenLan Environment Inc. located in Shanghai, China uses 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors in their boiler feed water treatment systems. These systems realize lower operating costs with the added benefit of reducing the chemicals added to the boiler feed water.

  2. Improved Efficiencies In TOC Wastewater Analysis For Standard Method 5310B And EPA Method 415
    10/16/2014
    Total organic carbon (TOC) measurement is of vital importance to the operation of water treatment due to organic compounds comprising a large group of water pollutants. TOC has been around for many years, and although it is a relatively simple analysis in theory, operational efficiency is paramount.
  3. Repair Or Rethink
    8/7/2015

    The Moundsville Wastewater Treatment Plant in West Virginia chooses not to fix a broken blower unit, but rather to correct an outdated approach. The result is a savings of $50-60K a year in energy costs.

  4. Optimizing Air Flows To Aeration Basins
    4/17/2014

    As a result of clean energy mandates and the rising cost of energy, wastewater treatment facilities around the country are retrofitting their instrumentation to run highly efficient, cost-effective, clean facilities. To reduce emissions and produce clean energy, solid wastes are often digested in large digester tanks to reduce the volume of waste (sludge) and produce more biogas, which is then used as fuel in the cogeneration process. However, a clean environment calls for not just clean air and clean energy, but clean water as well.

  5. A Comparative Study Of On-Line And Laboratory TOC Analyzers For Analysis Of Municipal Wastewater
    2/7/2014

    This application note presents comparative data obtained on influent and effluent wastewater samples using laboratory and on-line TOC analyzers employing the heated sodium persulfate oxidation technique in USEPA-approved methods 415.3 and SM 5310C.

  6. Mapping And Identifying The Source Of Water Quality Issues
    6/28/2017

    A Southern U.S. municipality experiencing taste and odor issues in a certain neighborhood was also having difficulty maintaining chlorine residual levels in the area. Biological growth was suspected, however, water leaving the treatment plant met and exceeded all water quality requirements. After several investigations, the source of contamination in the distribution system could still not be identified.

  7. Precipitant Savings Through Optimized Phosphate Elimination With Integrated Predictive Diagnostics
    4/18/2017

    Dosing of the precipitant was adjusted manually based on the laboratory measurement value of the daily composite sample and so was unable to respond to possible peaks. Although being compliant with the effluent limits, the values observed fluctuate between 0.2 and 0.8 mg/L. 

  8. Alcoholic Beverage Fusel Alcohol Testing With Static Headspace
    9/2/2014

    A static headspace method was developed using Teledyne Tekmar automated headspace vial samplers to meet the method requirements of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau of the US Department of the Treasury (TTB) method SSD: TM:2001 for testing fusel alcohols in alcoholic beverages.

  9. Membrane Degassing and Debubbling of High Viscous Fluids with 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors
    6/28/2017

    Increased gas content often leads to problems with bubble formation in highly viscous fluids. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors can provide a simple, compact, and efficient in-line solution for removing bubbles from viscous liquids before they create problems in a process operation.

  10. Application Bulletin: Reverse Osmosis
    3/19/2008

    Osmosis is the phenomenon of lower dissolved solids in water passing through a semi-permeable membrane into higher dissolved solids water until a near equilibrium is reached