Drinking Water Treatment Application Notes

  1. Free Chlorine Measurement In Drinking Water Treatment
    12/21/2005

    Before water can be used as a safe and reliable source for drinking water, it must be properly treated. Since water is a universal solvent, it comes in contact with several different pathogens, some of which are potentially lethal, and inactivation is accomplished through chemical disinfection and mechanical filtration treatment. This treatment consists of coarse filtration to remove large objects and pre-treatment which includes disinfection using chlorine or ozone

  2. Application Note: Turbidity Monitoring In Drinking Water Treatment Plants
    8/30/2005

    Turbidity, or the relative clarity of a liquid (in this case drinking water), is caused by the presence of microscopic particles such as clay, silt, or other fine undissolved matter

  3. The Basics: Monitoring Deionized Water
    5/1/2014

    Years ago, high purity water was used only in limited applications. Today, deionized (Dl) water has become an essential ingredient in hundreds of applications including: medical, laboratory, pharmaceutical, cosmetics, electronics manufacturing, food processing, plating, countless industrial processes, and even the final rinse at the local car wash.

  4. Technical Note: Using 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors To Solve Resistivity Problems In A High Purity Water Loop
    1/30/2009

    Pureflow, Inc. is a Southeastern-based expert in designing complete water treatment systems as well as providing value-added solutions for fixing operational issues in existing systems. Pureflow teamed up with Membrana to help solve an operational issue at one of their customer’s facilities. By Membrana

  5. On-Line Phosphorous Measurement Takes The Guesswork Out Of Alum Treatment
    7/16/2013

    Phosphorous promotes eutrophication in surface waters and helps create conditions for algal blooming and oxygen depletion. Some phosphorous removal can occur naturally in a conventional biological wastewater treatment facility, but the result is not reliably compliant with increasingly strict limits on permissible phosphate levels in effluent discharged to receiving streams, ponds and lakes. By Bob Dabkowski, Hach Company

  6. Disinfection By-Products (DBP) Precursor Monitoring
    2/1/2013

    Chlorine has long been used as a primary disinfection method for many water and wastewater treatment applications. However, there is growing concern about the harmful DBP’s produced by the use of chlorine.

  7. Air / Gas Mass Flow Meter Improves Wastewater Treatment Processing Efficiency
    12/15/2017

    One of the most common processes in wastewater treatment is the activated sludge method, which biologically treats the wastewater through the use of large aeration basins. This process requires the pumping of compressed air into the aeration basins where a diffuser system ensures the air is distributed evenly for optimum treatment. The energy needed to provide compressed air is a significant cost in the operation of a wastewater treatment plant.

  8. Application Note: YSI Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring And The IPSWATCH-EMPACT Program
    12/28/2005
    The Ipswich and Parker Rivers watersheds lie only a short distance north of Boston, MA. The first settlements in these watersheds began in the early 1600s. Since that time, residents have relied heavily on the natural resources of the Parker and Ipswich Rivers, their coastal estuaries and Plum Island Sound, which is known as the Great Marsh. This ecosystem has been designated and protected by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as an Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC).
  9. NEOSEP® Membrane Bioreactor System Simplifies 'Fundamental Necessities' Of MBR
    1/17/2014

    The NEOSEP® MBR system features Kruger’s uniquely designed K-120C and K-240C flat sheet membrane modules.  The modules offer several innovative design features that enhance ease of installation, operation and maintenance.  This includes an integrated central lifting eye, offering an incredibly well balanced module that makes installation and retrieval a simple and stress-free process.

  10. Control Of Drinking Water Clarifiers
    4/13/2017

    "The variable concentration of solids when purging lamella clarifiers creates problems with sludge dewatering. These problems are exacerbated when changing the flocculant. Read the full application note to learn how automatic control of purge cycles for clarifiers using the Sonatax sludge level probe resulted in reduced energy consumption and maintenance at the plant."