Drinking Water Treatment Application Notes

  1. Advances In Paper-Based Devices For Water Quality Analysis

    Water quality test strips have been around for decades. They are usually constructed from a porous media, including different types of paper, and undergo a color change when dipped into water containing the analyte of interest. These test strips have seen application in swimming pools, aquariums, hot tubs, remediation sites, and other commercial/environmental areas.

  2. Ultrapure Water For Determination of Toxic Elements In Environmental Analyses

    In this paper the importance of reagent water quality for toxic element environmental analyses is discussed, and the suitability of fresh ultrapure water produced using MilliporeSigma water purification systems for ICP-OES and ICP-MS trace element analyses in environmental laboratories is demonstrated.

  3. Water Determination In Liquefied Petroleum Gas Using GC BID And Ionic Liquid Column Watercol™

    Water in petrochemical feedstocks can cause problems for processors. Freezing of pipe lines and valves and poisoning of expensive catalysts are just a few examples.

  4. The Importance Of Measuring Total Organic Carbon

    Organic carbon compounds vary greatly. In fact, one of the first lessons in most introductory Organic Chemistry courses explains that the number of possible carbon compounds is virtually infinite due to carbon’s ability to form long, chain-like molecules. While chromatographic methods like gas chromatography (GC) or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) are able to make quantitative determinations for specific compounds, the user must first know which specific compounds to look for.

  5. New Water Turbidity Measurement Technology — The US Experience

    The amount of insoluble matter present in drinking water is an essential quality indicator. Silt, sand, bacteria, spores, and chemical precipitates all contribute to the cloudiness or turbidity of water. Drinking water (DW) which is highly turbid can be unpalatable and unsafe. Consumption of even low concentrations of certain bacteria and other microorganisms can cause serious health effects. Consequently, an accurate and sensitive measurement of turbidity is vital for ensuring that drinking water is free of these contaminants.

  6. Non-Contact Radar Level Meter Improves Reactor Vessel Measurement

    A North Carolina-based specialty chemical manufacturer, a major producer of insect repellent, was looking for a better way to measure the liquid level in its glass-lined agitated reactor. The company uses a number of complex technologies to manufacture sebacates, adipates, isophthalates, catalysts, alkyds, and other natural and renewable chemistries based on castor and citrates.

  7. Harmonics Reduction Methods

    There are several basic methods for reducing harmonic voltage and current distortion from nonlinear distribution loads such as adjustable frequency drives (AFDs). Following is a description of each method, along with each method’s advantages and disadvantages.

  8. NEOSEP® Membrane Bioreactor System Simplifies 'Fundamental Necessities' Of MBR

    The NEOSEP® MBR system features Kruger’s uniquely designed K-120C and K-240C flat sheet membrane modules.  The modules offer several innovative design features that enhance ease of installation, operation and maintenance.  This includes an integrated central lifting eye, offering an incredibly well balanced module that makes installation and retrieval a simple and stress-free process.

  9. Determination Of Pesticide Residues In Tea

    In 2012, Americans consumed well over 79 billion servings of tea, which is just over 3.60 billion gallons.

  10. Application Note: Troubleshooting A pH Electrode

    Many factors affect performance of a pH electrode. When performance degrades, it is always a challenge for the analyst to identify the cause. Common troubleshooting procedures, which include evaluation of slope, electrode drift, time response, and accuracy, take considerable time. By Thermo Fisher Scientific