Application Note: Preliminary Performance Study On An On-Line TOC Analyzer In Pharmaceutical Applications
Total Organic Carbon (TOC) analysis is an effective technique for detecting and measuring the presence of organic contaminants in waters used throughout industrial processes, municipal water uses, and for determining residual concentrations of organic material on the surfaces of equipment used in the manufacture of active pharmaceutical ingredients. By Jeffrey Lane, Steve Skalski, and Gary Engelhart, OI Analytical
Application Bulletin: Reverse Osmosis
Osmosis is the phenomenon of lower dissolved solids in water passing through a semi-permeable membrane into higher dissolved solids water until a near equilibrium is reached
Monitoring Nitrates In Drinking Water And Wastewater
Nitrate is present in high levels in wastewater due in part to the high nitrates present in human sewage but also from some types of industrial effluent entering the municipal sewer system.