A potable water plant in Eastern Angelina County, Texas, serves over 2,000 rural customers.
The North Texas Metropolitan Water District began working to add ozone to its four interconnected water treatment facilities which operate as the Wylie Water Treatment Plant (WTP).
The financial cost to maintain the ozone equipment and increasing scarcity of generator replacement parts motivated a utility in Springfield, MO, to upgrade their ozone system.
The design team for the intermediate ozone system at Buckingham Water Treatment Plant, Quebec, had limited space available for ozone contacting for the plant’s 1.3 – 7.4 MGD flow, so a standard fine bubble diffusion basin for ozone disinfection was not an option.
The Mazzei Sidestream Venturi Injection – Pipeline Flash Reactor System provides a feasible alternative for dissolution of ozone at the Clark County Water Reclamation District (CCWRD) in Las Vegas, because it allowed for flexibility in basin design to meet geographic site constraints.
Hollywood, Florida’s 55.5 MGD Southern Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant (SRWWTP) treats wastewater from Hollywood and six neighboring municipalities in the southern region of Broward County. Florida’s outfall rule requires the city to begin a process to largely eliminate the use of its ocean outfall and implement 20.4 MGD of additional reuse on an annual basis.
How do you know if you are in control of microorganisms in your dual membrane plant? See how one water treatment plant performed a system audit using ATP technology to confirm microbiological treatment efficacy through each stage of the process.
As engineers come under increasing pressure to reduce maintenance and operating costs, inefficient combination double-pass reverse osmosis and electrodeionization (RO/EDI) water treatment systems have begun to lose popularity as a means of providing ultra-pure water. Integrated membrane systems (IMS), on the other hand, combine multiple membrane-based water treatment processes into a single system. In this case study, find out how a heat and power plant in Northeast China lowered capital costs and energy use by adopting an IMS to replace its conventional water treatment system.
The Serum Institute is a global pharmaceutical company that is one of the world’s largest producers of vaccines. The Institute was planning an expansion to their manufacturing plant in Pune, India, that resulted in an additional water requirement for the plant’s needs.
CH2M contacted Toray Membrane USA with an invitation to pilot our pressurized TIPS hollow fiber UF membrane module for the City of Sherman Texas 10 MGD Expansion Project. This document summarizes the findings of this pilot study program.
Sabine Pass, a large LNG refinery in the U.S., required a membrane desalination solution to cater to its extensive process water needs in order to produce a large amount of liquefied natural gas for export.
An automotive parts manufacturing plant was using a polymeric membrane to remove oil from water it used to rinse parts. The rinse water contained between 6% and 7% oil and the customer wanted to remove >95% of the oil from the water so the water could be reused in the plant.
At the Coca-Cola FEMSA plant in Buenos Aires, Argentina, increases in production required an expansion of their wastewater treatment plant. RWL Water technicians and engineers implemented an airlift ultrafiltration (UF) system operated with a membrane bioreactor (MBR) to provide wastewater treatment for reuse.
The Rueter-Hess Water Purification Facility, located in Parker, CO, southeast of Denver, serves a community of approximately 50,000 residents. Faced with rapidly declining groundwater sources, the 10-MGD facility (expandable to 40-MGD) was opened in 2015 to process a renewable water supply for the Parker Water and Sanitation District (PWSD).
Water membranes are widely used in the water treatment processes. They have become a fundamental player in separation technology because of the fact that they require no additional chemicals and their relatively low energy requirements.
Water membranes have been applied during the extraction of produced water, treatment of waste/sewage water and processing of surface water all with huge success levels. Conventional water treatment techniques are over time incorporating in their processes the use on water membranes. Commercialization of membranes was first done in the 1970s and 1980s.
Membrane technology is chiefly based on the presence of pores on the membranes that make them semi-permeable. The simple principle on which water membranes work is such that the semi-permeability of water membranes ensures that only water is allowed to pass through a specific membrane while trapping unwanted particles and substances.
In both microfiltration and ultra filtration, membranes provide an effective barrier for arresting suspended solids in water.
To aid substances to penetrate across a semi-permeable membrane the following steps are undertaken: Electric potential introduction, high pressure application and ensuring that the concentration gradient on both sides of the membrane is maintained. The surface area of the membrane also determines the efficiency of the membrane in use.
The only drawback on water membranes is that they cannot remove substances that are actually dissolved in the water such as phosphorus, nitrates and heavy metal ions. The following are categories of membranes: Microfiltration (MF), Ultra filtration (UF), Reverse osmosis (RO), and Nanofiltration (NF) membranes
Ultra filtration membranes employ polymer technology with chemically created microscopic pores that trap dissolved substances therefore eliminating the possible use of any coagulants.