Measuring the level of tanks used to hold fluids for custody transfer can be expensive. This is not due to the cost of the measurement instrumentation, but to what inaccurate measurements can cost the company. Picking the right instrumentation for applications is important. Which radar level technology should you choose for tank gauging in custody transfer applications? Frequency Modulated Continuous Waveform (FMCW) or pulsed Time-of-Flight (ToF or PToF).
As a bulk emergency chlorine vapor scrubber system approached the end of its anticipated 20-year useful life, the city engaged Integrity Municipal Systems, LLC (IMS) inspected the equipment and proposed a system refurbishment plan that would ensure proper system performance and safe storage of the 30,000 gallons of corrosive caustic soda contained within it.
Vallviks Bruk AB, located about 200 km (125 miles) north of Stockholm, produces softwood kraft pulp and chemical pulp for export. Some years ago, increased environmental requirements led to a major investment in a biological treatment plant. Read the full case study to learn why ABB instrumentation was an obvious choice when the Swedish pulp producer Vallviks Bruk AB built a new plant for biological water treatment.
The Jimo, China, municipal wastewater plant was originally designed to treat a combination of municipal and textile wastewater (120,000 m3/d) with Class IB effluent limits for BOD, COD, ESS, TN, NH3-N and TP.
A landfill operator’s leachate treatment plant in Missouri required pH reduction following lime-softening and prior to the biological wastewater treatment process. Carbon dioxide (CO2) was chosen as a substitute for sulfuric acid due to improved process control and a reduced tendency to form scale.
A WWTP sought solutions to improve process control, as high centrate solids caused plant inefficiencies such as high wasting rates, inefficient capacity and loading, and stress on centrifuges. Read the full case study to learn how the RTC-SD solution controlled polymer dosing in real time, allowing the WWTP to improve solids capture and increase throughput.
Rapid City is the second-largest city in South Dakota, serving over 72,000 residents. Their Water Reclamation Department treats nearly 3.5 billion gallons of wastewater annually.
Hach’s off‐the‐shelf Real-Time Control System for Sludge Thickening (RTC‐ST) adjusts the sludge thickening process in real time. Thanks to the RTC-ST, a wastewater treatment plant improved thickened sludge consistency and gas production while reducing money spent on excessive polymer dosing and maintenance.
A dissolved oxygen sensor ought to be simple to understand. Whether it is membrane or optically based, it gives a signal that is proportional to the concentration of oxygen concentration in water.
Continuous analyzers are an integral part of the process to maintain quality, ensure compliance, and protect public health. Therefore it is imperative to ensure the analyzers are functioning properly and provide accurate and reliable data. This requires validation of the data provided by the analyzer on a routine basis. In addition some continuous analyzers incorporate internal data validation capabilities to inform the end user the reliability of the data provided by the analyzer. This paper discusses integrated data validation and how they may be integrated into SCADA systems.
To protect the environment, wastewater treatment facilities across the country are required to deliver dissolved oxygen (DO) into the treated effluent, with most DO permits ranging from 2 to 10 mg/L.