White Papers and Case Studies For The Power Generation Industry

  1. Advanced Membrane Degassing Technology For Radiation Source Term Reduction And Corrosion Control In Nuclear Power Plants
    7/4/2017

    Dissolved gas control in a nuclear power plant’s water system, including the primary make-up water storage tank and refueling water storage tank, can be essential to reduce radiation source term (defined as a release of radioactive material). In particular, controlling dissolved gases can also help reduce the formation of unwanted radionuclides, such as 14C and oxides of 60Co, and alleviate primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC).

  2. Oxygen Removal From Feedwater Of A Central District Heating System Using 3M Liqui-Cel
    2/18/2017

    A Netherlands power station installed 3M Liqui-Cel membrane contractors for O2 removal. This case study explains how the membrane system exceeded expectations, achieving oxygen removal down to 5 ppb.

  3. Successful Ammonia Removal From Wastewater Using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ Membrane Contactors At A European Manufacturing Facility
    8/10/2017

    Ammonia is used as a cleaning and bleaching agent in the production of fertilizers, plastics, explosives, and many other products.

  4. Nanofiltration And Membrane Degassing Successfully Reduce Water Hardness And Excess CO₂ From Drinking Water
    8/10/2017

    Municipal water services continually utilize improved technologies so that they can offer their customers higher water quality. Water can be improved by partially softening the water, which results in lower detergent consumption and lower scaling on kitchen utensils and water fittings.

  5. OPUS Achieves Zero Wastewater Discharge
    10/26/2016

    The client revived, expanded and modernized its operations in order to produce rare earth materials in high volumes and in an environmentally responsible manner. As part of the expansion, the client contracted Veolia to design and build a new water treatment plant for their state-of-the-art rare earth facility.

  6. Developments In Heat Transfer Technology Can Improve Exchanger Efficiency And Reduce Water Demand
    2/28/2014

    Water’s high heat capacity, high thermal conductivity, and historically low cost make it popular for process heat exchange. Power plants, especially those for liquid cooling applications, withdraw a large fraction of the total demand for water necessary for agriculture, industry, recreation, hygiene, drinking, and wildlife.  By Kevin J. Farrell and Vijay Sathyamurthi, Heat Transfer Research, Inc., College Station, Texas USA