Contaminant Removal Case Studies and White Papers

  1. Ultrafiltration And Reverse Osmosis Testing On Tertiary Effluent From The North City Water Reclamation Plant
    4/22/2016

    Ultrafiltration (UF) membranes have already gained worldwide acceptance in the treatment of drinking water for their removal of chlorine resistant pathogens such as cryptosporidium. Tertiary treatment with UF has been established, although with a lower level of knowledge and number of installations. This paper will discuss the performance of hollow fiber UF/MF membrane modules in treating tertiary effluent, and the subsequent performance of the downstream RO membranes.

  2. City Of Springfield, MO, Upgrades Disinfection System From Gas Chlorine To On‐Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation
    8/15/2016

    In April 2013, City Utilities started up three Microclor Model MC‐1500 skid systems, each rated at 1,500 pounds per day of free available chlorine.

  3. Multi-Point Chlorination Process To Treat Raw Water Yields To A Multi-Barrier Chain Of Treatment Technologies
    4/11/2017

    For decades, a Winnipeg utility used a multiple point-chlorination process to treat raw water drawn from remote Shoal Lake. Concerns eventually arose about the potential presence of chlorine-resistant pathogens–Crytosporidium and Giardia–and residual disinfection byproducts, which coincided with encroaching development near the lake. The Clari-DAF system was selected and now removes 70 percent of the organics at the Winnipeg plant, which also improves filtration and extends the intervals between filter backwashes.

  4. Chlorine Gas Replaced By Dry Calcium Hypochlorite System In New York Suburb
    5/19/2016

    Town of Greenburgh Consolidated Water District No. 1, serving Greenburgh in Westchester County, west of New York, serves approximately 39,993 people via 11,500 service connections, pumping seven million gallons per day on average.

  5. San Jose Water Company Solves Chloramine Residual Problem With The Process Solutions, Inc. Monoclor™ Chloramine Management System
    8/15/2016

    A San Jose Water Quality Engineer said, "“I wasn’t convinced that PSI’s Monoclor™ chloramine dosing system would solve our problems after several failed attempts to improve residual, but with PSI offering a trial including installation, operation, and troubleshooting for three months, San Jose Water decided to invest the necessary resources to pilot this system.

  6. Ozone To Enhance Removal Of Iron And Manganese And Reduction Of THM
    4/27/2017

    The U.S. EPA's promulgation of the Stage 2 Disinfection By-Products Rule required  the Public Works Department of Danvers, MA, to establish a Two-Phase upgrade of the plant’s treatment process in order to comply.

  7. Clarification And Filtration Upgrades Using ACTIFLO Technology
    1/12/2017

    The City of Somersworth has a historical background dating back to the early 1900s when it became the first community to start using chlorine to disinfect it’s drinking water.

  8. San Diego Plant Cuts THM Levels In Half
    8/3/2017

    The 34 MGD Otay Water Treatment Plant in San Diego, California serves a population of approximately 200,000. It is a conventional treatment plant that uses coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration and disinfection. The plant receives raw water from two different sources — imported water from the Colorado River and runoff water from three local reservoirs.

  9. Hassle-Free Chlorination For Large Municipalities
    1/12/2016

    For Robert Stout, general manager of Mid-Arkansas Utilities (MAU), the primary water provider for a three-county rural area spanning 2,220 square miles, the reason to switch to a dry calcium hypochlorite feeding system was simple, “using chlorine gas was not only dangerous for us, it was a big hassle and time-consuming.”

  10. Science Guides Public Health Protection For Drinking Water
    5/19/2016

    As a country, we’ve come a long way toward providing clean air, water, and land — essential resources that support healthy, productive lives. But we have more work to do to make sure that every American has access to safe drinking water.