White Papers and Case Studies For The Power Generation Industry

  1. Cooling Water Intake Decisions Are Heating Up
    7/7/2014

    Now that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued its rule for cooling water intakes under Section 316(b) of the Clean Water Act, the race is on for more than 600 power plants and manufacturing facilities to comply.  Right now, there is probably no better example in the water industry of how carefully choosing among compliance options can lead to millions of dollars in cost savings.

  2. Bubble Removal From Aqueous Streams Using 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors
    7/18/2017

    Many manufacturing processes, analytical measurements, and other industrial processes that involve aqueous solutions are adversely affected by bubbles in the fluid stream. 3M™ Liqui-Cel™ SP Series Membrane Contactors provide a very simple, cost effective solution to help eliminate bubbles from such processes.

  3. First-Of-Its-Kind Zero Liquid Discharge Plant Installed In Egypt
    12/30/2015

    The Egyptian Ethylene and Derivatives Company (ETHYDCO) is a joint venture company established with the purpose to produce Ethylene, Butadiene and their derivatives (Polyethylene, Poly Butadiene).

  4. MIOX’s On-Demand Generated Chemistry Boosts Production Of One Of The Major Puerto Rico Power Plants
    2/26/2014

    In 2010, one of the Power Plants of Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) faced a crisis due to biological growth in their power plant’s cooling tower. The plant was using straight hypochlorite, which was not effective at controlling biological growth.

  5. Developments In Heat Transfer Technology Can Improve Exchanger Efficiency And Reduce Water Demand
    2/28/2014

    Water’s high heat capacity, high thermal conductivity, and historically low cost make it popular for process heat exchange. Power plants, especially those for liquid cooling applications, withdraw a large fraction of the total demand for water necessary for agriculture, industry, recreation, hygiene, drinking, and wildlife.  By Kevin J. Farrell and Vijay Sathyamurthi, Heat Transfer Research, Inc., College Station, Texas USA

  6. Using ‘TransMembraneChemiSorption’ (TMCS) For Ammonia Removal From Industrial Waste Waters
    7/4/2017

    Dissolved gases like NH3, H2S or NOx in waste water lead to contamination in the sewage system and high treatment costs for municipal waste water treatment plants. 

  7. Kirin Beer Uses 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For CO2 and O2 Removal to Prevent Pipe Corrosion at Three of Their Japanese Breweries
    6/28/2017

    In the food and beverage industry, there is a growing awareness of environmental considerations wherever chemicals are used. In response, companies are trending towards alternative systems that operate with less chemical usage.

  8. Advanced Membrane Degassing Technology For Radiation Source Term Reduction And Corrosion Control In Nuclear Power Plants
    7/4/2017

    Dissolved gas control in a nuclear power plant’s water system, including the primary make-up water storage tank and refueling water storage tank, can be essential to reduce radiation source term (defined as a release of radioactive material). In particular, controlling dissolved gases can also help reduce the formation of unwanted radionuclides, such as 14C and oxides of 60Co, and alleviate primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC).

  9. Design-Build Using Actiflo Technology
    3/6/2015

    A state-of-the-art 695-MW power generation facility was recently installed in the Northeastern U.S. to serve the country’s highest demand market. Its innovative power generation technologies, emissions control systems and process efficiencies make it one of the cleanest, most efficient and technologically advanced supercritical pulverized coal (SPC) power plants in the U.S.

  10. Technology Qualification Of 3M Liqui-Cel Membrane Contactors For Deoxygenation Of Low Salinity Water For Polymer Flooding
    7/11/2017

    The use of low salinity water in Enhanced Oil Recovery processes has been a recent topic of discussion. The potential to increase recovery rates by altering the reservoir characteristic from an oil-wet to a water-wet state, along with potential cost savings, has garnered attention in recent years.