Drinking Water Application Notes
Control Of Drinking Water Clarifiers
"The variable concentration of solids when purging lamella clarifiers creates problems with sludge dewatering. These problems are exacerbated when changing the flocculant. Read the full application note to learn how automatic control of purge cycles for clarifiers using the Sonatax sludge level probe resulted in reduced energy consumption and maintenance at the plant."
Application Note: Troubleshooting A pH Electrode
Many factors affect performance of a pH electrode. When performance degrades, it is always a challenge for the analyst to identify the cause. Common troubleshooting procedures, which include evaluation of slope, electrode drift, time response, and accuracy, take considerable time. By Thermo Fisher Scientific
Removal Of PFCs With Activated Carbon
In recent years, various perflorinated chemicals (PFCs) have come under increasing scrutiny due to their presence in the environment, in animals, and in human blood samples. There are two major classes of PFCs: perfluoroalkyl sulfonates such as perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS) and long chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylates such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA).
Optimization Of Water Treatment Using Zeta Potential
Drinking water in the US and developed nations of the world is treated to remove contamination of foreign materials, both mineral and organic.
Improved Determination Of Volatile Organic Compounds In Water By SPME And GC/MS
The analysis of water for volatile organic compounds is important due to their toxicity. The current methods for this determination lack of sensitivity, selectivity or capability for automation. This paper presents the new ISO 17943 Standard using Solid Phase Microextraction (SPME) and GC/MS. The sample preparation by SPME enables limits of detection and easy automation of the whole method. GC/MS provides the required sensitivity and selectivity. This ISO Standard was validated by an interlaboratory trial, which results confirm the outstanding performance for this method.
Flow Meter Enhances Chlorination System Performance For Municipal Water Department
The water municipality at a mid-size city in the Western region of the U.S. serving a population of about 180,000 people needed to address a chlorine disinfection system problem at one of its water treatment plants.
Accurately Measuring Network Leakage
The pressures of supplying a growing global population mean that the world’s water supplies need to be managed more closely than ever.
The Importance Of Measuring Total Organic Carbon
Organic carbon compounds vary greatly. In fact, one of the first lessons in most introductory Organic Chemistry courses explains that the number of possible carbon compounds is virtually infinite due to carbon’s ability to form long, chain-like molecules. While chromatographic methods like gas chromatography (GC) or high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) are able to make quantitative determinations for specific compounds, the user must first know which specific compounds to look for.
All WirelessHART Devices Are Not Created Equal
Though they all must support routing functionality, some devices do it better than others.
Routing consumes more energy, so the lifetime of the battery will be affected. Therefore, a device with a battery that is inexpensive, has a long lifetime, and is easy to change would be ideal. With all this considered, a WirelessHART temperature transmitter is a suitable option to operate as a repeater.
Application Note: Employing Best Water Quality Monitoring Practices To Reduce Runoff During Construction
Under proposed EPA stormwater runoff guidelines, construction site operators will be required to actively monitor or sample stormwater discharges daily. The enhanced effluent rules take effect in August 2011 for construction sites that disturb 20 or more acres and February 2014 for sites that disturb 10 or more acres, and they may stipulate a strict numerical limit of less than 280 NTU for average turbidity (sediment in water) on any day. By YSI