Water is by far the most widely used natural resource in the United States, with approximately 42 billion gallons consumed daily to support activities ranging from bathing to industrial manufacturing. Yet, in municipalities approximately 6 billion gallons of water are lost to leaks every day, and inefficient energy practices result in excess energy costs of up to 30 percent.
The nation’s aging infrastructure includes over 2 million miles of water distribution pipes, most of which are past their life expectancy. These old water pipes remain largely untouched until a major burst draws attention. This means leaks can go unnoticed until a significant break occurs in the leaking section of pipe. Along with the estimated 240,000 water main breaks that occur each year, leaks and smaller breaks add up to a water loss between 14% and 18% of total distribution.