Every water project is different, but each one also provides lessons for others, such as this profile of a Southern California reuse project where conveyance needed to be routed around a protected environment.
As wastewater treatment plants evolve into resource recovery facilities, the thermal hydrolysis process (THP) is destined to play a starring role, with some major THP projects having already set the stage.
Rather than waiting on water scarcity and reacting to a crisis, the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission is forging its own future, and that of others, by blazing a trail of water-reuse practice and policy.
If you thought reverse osmosis was the one and only choice for potable water reuse, think again. Ozonation followed by biological activated carbon (ozone-BAC) is more suited to inland communities and may be better at removing chemicals of emerging concern (CECs).