For almost 200 years, water utilities have depended on mechanical meters for residential and commercial billing and other flow measurement purposes. Mechanical meters have always been perceived as cost-effective, particularly by budget-conscious (or budget-constrained) municipalities. However, as technologies have advanced, so has the understanding of the long-term costs associated with mechanical metering. In addition, as sustainability, climate change resilience, and the overall increasing cost of water have come into focus in recent years, the needs of water utilities and their customers have shifted.
Meter data is being used to drive conservation efforts and reduce operating costs, among other goals. As such, while mechanical meters can sometimes be more affordable up front, their lack of accuracy makes them more expensive in the long run. To adapt to the needs of the modern era, water utilities need to convert to static meters.