Oil and natural gas are considered valuable resources all across the globe. The number of products made from these two materials is impressive and our lives would be very different without them. Production of these products begins with locating the underground sources of crude oil. These deep well sources are then mined to extract the oil and gas materials. Afterward, these raw materials are sent to refineries to be converted into the petrochemical and gas products that we use nearly every day. Therefore, produced water treatment & management is an integral part of oil & gas company operations.