If we are to realize the promise of innovation, implementation cannot be a risky proposition for water managers.
Much attention is being given today to the removal of nutrients from wastewaters because of the negative environmental consequences that can result if these are released in excess.
The future of water resources for safe and reliable consumptive uses is uncertain. Today, hundreds of watershed basins worldwide experience water scarcity during some part of any given year.
Among the prominent advancements in improving public health and environment over the past two hundred years, collection and treatment of domestic wastewater ranks near the top. The traditional view of wastewater treatment has been of a “linear pipeline,” whereby wastewater is collected at one end of a watershed, transported as quickly as practical to the other end, where it is treated and discharged to the nearest waterbody as a disposal byproduct.
Using nitrogen and phosphorus to create algal biomass may be the energy solution for tomorrow.