PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

How To Manage The 4 Water-Based Fluids Associated With Hydraulic Fracturing

The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.

  • SAGD Produced Water Treatment System Case Study
    SAGD Produced Water Treatment System Case Study

    Water treatment and steam generation are critical to in situ oil production. An oil sands producer in Northern Alberta, developing a new central process facility, required that the water treatment system use water efficiently to meet operational and sustainability objectives. The system supplied would need to maximize reuse of the treated produced water and minimize waste generated while providing quality water to the boilers for steaming.

  • Case Study: New MIOX iAO Technology For Groundwater Remediation At 75% Cost Reduction
    Case Study: New MIOX iAO Technology For Groundwater Remediation At 75% Cost Reduction

    Cl₂/UV AOP treatment processes are highly complex and dependent on a number of water chemistry and treatment process parameters. With over three years of direct experience, MIOX is in a unique position to apply its expertise towards customer-specific optimization of Cl₂/UV AOP treatment processes with the goal of reducing costs and improving safety. The use of MIOX’s On-Site generation systems, which produces aqueous chlorine from non-hazardous sodium chloride brine, offers a safer and superior chemical introduction into AOP treatment trains compared to concentrated hydrogen peroxide or bulk hypochlorite.

  • Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection
    Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection

    There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.

  • How To Fix High pH And Comply With The Clean Water Act
    How To Fix High pH And Comply With The Clean Water Act

    When the Clean Water Act was enacted, one of the intentions of this legislation was to reduce the untreated industrial waste water burden on publically owned waste water treatment plants (POTW) so that industrial wastewater would only load the treatment plant to the same extent as ordinary household sanitary waste. Industrial facilities that generated process wastewater had to begin pre-treatment of the water before it could be returned to the local POTW.

More Produced Water Treatment Case Studies and White Papers

PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT PRODUCTS

AE

AE

4 → 8 lb/day MOS
Automated for ease of use and peace of mind. Economically improves your bottom line.

Solutions for Water Treatment Skids - Reduce Cost and Improve Performance

Solutions for Water Treatment Skids - Reduce Cost and Improve Performance

Festo has dedicated engineering resources to develop solutions specific to the water industry. The result has been some innovations that are unique to Festo and offer cost and efficiency benefits to companies building water treatment skids.

Scienco® SciCHLOR® Sodium Hypochlorite Generator

Scienco® SciCHLOR® Sodium Hypochlorite Generator

SCIENCO® SciCHLOR® Sodium Hypochlorite Generator is a fully integrated, simple, and compact designed system. The SciCHLOR® system with SciCELL® technology uses a recirculating method to produce 0.8% strength sodium hypochlorite solution in 10 lb (4.5 kg), 20 lb (9 kg), 40 lb (18 kg) and 60 lb (27 kg) NaClO/day sizes. Featuring a multi-pass scouring design, the SciCELL® unit, control panel, and recirculation pump allows the system to automatically run at the optimum salinity to increase power efficiency, extend cell life, and power-save shut down if no usage of sodium hypochlorite.

Blackwater

Blackwater

400 → 800 lb/day MOS
Safe oxidizing chemistry generated at your site when you need it, with ZERO clean-up or spill procedures.

Low Volume Water Treatment pH Control for All Industries & Municipalities: Poli-Cut™

Low Volume Water Treatment pH Control for All Industries & Municipalities: Poli-Cut™

The Poli-Cut pH control system is designed for the concrete polishing, grinding and cutting industries with low-volume water treatment requirements.

FEDI®-2 MEGA - Fractional Electrodeionization

FEDI®-2 MEGA - Fractional Electrodeionization

FEDI® stacks are designed to produce high purity water up to 18 MΩ.cm using a patented process with double sets of electrodes per stack.

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PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT PODCASTS

Low-Cost Desalination — The Promise Of Forward Osmosis

Low-Cost Desalination — The Promise Of Forward Osmosis

Utilizing low-pressure, low-energy membrane technology, Oasys Water is setting out to change the way people think about desalination. Lisa Marchewka, VP of strategy and marketing for Oasys, explains how forward osmosis is more energy- and cost-efficient than competing technologies.

More Produced Water Treatment Podcasts

PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT

“Produced water” is the oil and gas industry term for any water that comes out of the oil or gas reservoir as part of the production process. Oil reservoirs often contain large volumes of water, while gas reservoirs typically have smaller quantities. Sources of produced water include:

  •   Connate water present in the reservoir prior to production
  •   Condensed water from produced gas
  •    Injected water derived from injection wells

The physical and chemical properties of produced water are not consistent. Variation depends on factors such as reservoir geology, hydrocarbon composition, geographical location, and water injection history.
Produced water contains contaminants that require removal before proper disposal or reuse. Some of the impurities or substances likely to be found in produced water include: oil, naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), waxes, greases, sand, scales, dissolved salts, CO2 (carbon dioxide) and H2S (hydrogen sulfide) gases, hydrocarbons, production chemicals, and various metals.

The treatment of produced water will differ according to the intended disposal method or reuse purpose. Filtration, cyclonic separation, flotation, and evaporation are among the commonly used treatment techniques.
Post-treatment, there are a number of options available for disposal or reuse, each of which will have different water treatment criteria associated with it:

  • Surface disposal into the sea or into evaporation ponds, subject to local environmental regulations
  • Injection into a disposal well, either a watered out part of the reservoir or to a disposal formation
  • Reinjection for pressure maintenance, replacing sea/aquifer/river water as the source of water injection
  • Reuse for irrigation or as industrial process water

Due to increasing environmental awareness and regulations, disposal to surface waters and evaporation ponds is becoming less prevalent.  Produced water is considered an industrial waste, subject to standards defined and issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT VIDEOS

Veolia Modular Supply Expertise

Veolia Modular Supply Expertise

Veolia is the world leader in supplying water treatment equipment utilizing module-based supply.  Modular supply is especially suitable for its HPD® Evaporation Equipment for projects in remote locations with constrained labor resources.

SAGD Produced Water Evaporator

SAGD Produced Water Evaporator

Learn more about the largest operating SAGD Produced Water Evaporation system currently operating in Alberta.  This system, based on Veolia's HPD® Evaporation and Crystallization technology, produces 854 m³/hr of Boiler Feed Water.

Generate Your Own Disinfectant | Cooling Water Treatment Video

Generate Your Own Disinfectant | Cooling Water Treatment Video

For 20 years, MIOX has designed and manufactured reliable and cost-effective on-site chemical generators.  MIOX technology has been engineered for a variety of water treatment applications in many sectors.

More Water Treatment Videos

SUPPLIERS

  • Veolia Water Technologies
    Veolia Water Technologies

    Veolia Water Technologies offers comprehensive water and wastewater solutions for industrial and municipal customers. With unique technologies and process expertise, Veolia specializes in engineering, design, and project management, construction and execution.

  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • Eco-Tec Inc.
    Eco-Tec Inc.

    Eco-Tec Inc. engineers, designs, manufacturers and distributes from Pickering, near Toronto, Canada. Customer service and technical support provide treatability studies, installation service, on-site supervision and operator training...

  • Aquatech International Corporation
    Aquatech International Corporation For over 2 decades, Aquatech has provided industry worldwide with proven water and wastewater treatment systems|We strive to enable our customers to maximize efficiency by concentrating on their core businesses while we provide the leadership and expertise necessary in water treatment|Our mission is to utilize innovation and performance excellence to drive toward the ultimate goal--a lower overall life cycle cost of treatment
  • Endress+Hauser, Inc.
    Endress+Hauser, Inc.

    Endress+Hauser has more than 50 years of experience in the areas of Municipal Wastewater, Industrial Wastewater, and Portable Water.