PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

How To Manage The 4 Water-Based Fluids Associated With Hydraulic Fracturing

The primary fluid used in hydraulic fracturing is water and the completion process can require from 2.75 - 8.25 million gallons per well. This white paper discusses the different water management and instrumentation requirements for controlling and processing drilling mud, hydraulic fracturing fluid, flowback water and produced water.

  • Selecting An Envirnomentally Friendly Zero Liquid Discharge System
    Selecting An Envirnomentally Friendly Zero Liquid Discharge System

    Mississippi Power Company had a wide range of environmental considerations when they set out to choose a builder for a Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) system, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) power plant. Aquatech was selected due to the company’s proven success in providing cost-effective, environmentally-focused water treatment solutions for the power industry. This case study provides details and technical specifications on the system selected.

  • Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection
    Capacitance Level Switches Provide Reliable Water/Oil Interface Detection

    There are a number of point level approaches to measuring the interface between water and oil for water dump control in the oil and gas industry. However, each has disadvantages — manual methods introduce human error, conductivity switches are rendered inaccurate by buildup, and float switches are susceptible to wear and tear. This white paper introduces capacitance level switches as an accurate and reliable alternative for water/oil interface detection.

More Produced Water Treatment Case Studies and White Papers

PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT PRODUCTS

RecoPur® Produced Water Treatment Systems

RecoPur® Produced Water Treatment Systems

Eco-Tec is a globally recognized provider of produced-water treatment systems for heavy-oil operations, featuring advanced micro-media filtration (Spectrum™) and ion-exchange softeners (RecoPur®) that dramatically reduce materials, waste, and operational costs for clients.

RIO M Series Spec Sheet

The RIO M Series produces Mixed Oxidant Solution (MOS) chemistry for water disinfection and is systematically optimized for ease of use, reliability, and performance. The RIO is modular which means MOS disinfection chemistry output can be easily expanded 5X without increasing the footprint – just add more cells to the cabinet! Leading the industry in salt and energy conversion, the RIO can ensure the lowest life-cycle cost for your facility.

Produced Water Filtration – Spectrum™ Plus Filtration

Produced Water Filtration – Spectrum™ Plus Filtration

Spectrum™ Plus Filtration is a nutshell filter that has the unique ability to remove oil and suspended solids to much lower levels than can be achieved by conventional nutshell media filters.

RIO

RIO

The modular design of the RIO on-site generator allows for disinfection chemistry output to be easily expanded 5X within the same small footprint by adding more cells to the cabinet.

The ROSS™ - System Ceramic Membrane-Based Produced Water Treatment

The ROSS™ - System Ceramic Membrane-Based Produced Water Treatment

Veolia's ROSS Technology enables reuse of produced water as frac water reducing fresh water demand, disposal costs, truck traffic and emissions.

Produced-Water Softening – RecoPur® Ion Exchange

Produced-Water Softening – RecoPur® Ion Exchange

Safety and costs related to handling acid and caustic often used for regeneration of produced water softeners

More Produced Water Treatment Products

PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT

“Produced water” is the oil and gas industry term for any water that comes out of the oil or gas reservoir as part of the production process. Oil reservoirs often contain large volumes of water, while gas reservoirs typically have smaller quantities. Sources of produced water include:

  •   Connate water present in the reservoir prior to production
  •   Condensed water from produced gas
  •    Injected water derived from injection wells

The physical and chemical properties of produced water are not consistent. Variation depends on factors such as reservoir geology, hydrocarbon composition, geographical location, and water injection history.
Produced water contains contaminants that require removal before proper disposal or reuse. Some of the impurities or substances likely to be found in produced water include: oil, naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), waxes, greases, sand, scales, dissolved salts, CO2 (carbon dioxide) and H2S (hydrogen sulfide) gases, hydrocarbons, production chemicals, and various metals.

The treatment of produced water will differ according to the intended disposal method or reuse purpose. Filtration, cyclonic separation, flotation, and evaporation are among the commonly used treatment techniques.
Post-treatment, there are a number of options available for disposal or reuse, each of which will have different water treatment criteria associated with it:

  • Surface disposal into the sea or into evaporation ponds, subject to local environmental regulations
  • Injection into a disposal well, either a watered out part of the reservoir or to a disposal formation
  • Reinjection for pressure maintenance, replacing sea/aquifer/river water as the source of water injection
  • Reuse for irrigation or as industrial process water

Due to increasing environmental awareness and regulations, disposal to surface waters and evaporation ponds is becoming less prevalent.  Produced water is considered an industrial waste, subject to standards defined and issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

PRODUCED WATER TREATMENT VIDEOS

Leopold® I.M.S® Media Retainers Video

Leopold® I.M.S® Media Retainers Video

You now have two superior solutions for all your water and wastewater treatment applications. Both the I.M.S® 200 and the I.M.S® 1000 are engineered to ensure a highly uniform distribution of air and water during the backwashing process.

Sanitaire Aeration System Video

Sanitaire Aeration System Video

Aeration systems today represent an estimated 30 to 70 percent of the total energy costs at a typical wastewater treatment plant. Select the right components from the Sanitaire range and combine them with an air piping system, required support and an energy-efficient blower. Watch this video to learn more.

Sanitaire Intermittent Cycle Extended Aeration (ICEAS) Video

Sanitaire Intermittent Cycle Extended Aeration (ICEAS) Video

Sanitaire ICEAS is a proven process that enhances the standard SBR system performance and delivers substantial costs, operational and maintenance advantages. The ICEAS does not need primary and secondary settlement tanks, like a conventional activated sludge plant, hence significantly reducing the complexity of mechanical equipment, piping and control.

More Water Treatment Videos

SUPPLIERS

  • Endress+Hauser, Inc.
    Endress+Hauser, Inc.

    Endress+Hauser has more than 50 years of experience in the areas of Municipal Wastewater, Industrial Wastewater, and Portable Water.

  • Eco-Tec Inc.
    Eco-Tec Inc.

    Eco-Tec Inc. engineers, designs, manufacturers and distributes from Pickering, near Toronto, Canada. Customer service and technical support provide treatability studies, installation service, on-site supervision and operator training...

  • Aquatech International Corporation
    Aquatech International Corporation Established in 1981, Aquatech International Corporation is a global leader in water purification technology for industrial and infrastructure markets with a focus on desalination, water reuse, and zero liquid discharge.
  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies
    Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies

    Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies offers comprehensive water and wastewater solutions for industrial and municipal customers. With unique technologies and process expertise, Veolia specializes in engineering, design, and project management, construction and execution.