NUTRIENT REMOVAL CASE STUDIES & WHITE PAPERS

Plant Boasts The First In-Line Fermenter In The Country

Several years ago, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) began an initiative in the Mississippi River basin to control excess amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus pollution entering the Gulf of Mexico through watersheds and point sources such as municipal wastewater treatment plants.

Howard County, Maryland Sets The Pace In Restoring Chesapeake Bay Ecosystem

Howard County, Maryland, Bureau of Utilities recently completed the $92-million Addition No. 7 project at the Little Patuxent Water Reclamation Plant (LPWRP) to improve the quality of the plant’s effluent discharge and to reduce harmful nutrients reaching Chesapeake Bay. The project’s various increments took over five years to complete and incorporated innovative design solutions and state-of-the-art technologies for denitrification, aeration and disinfection. The project presents a model for Maryland’s 66 largest wastewater treatment plants and possibly procurement of municipal facilities elsewhere facing increasingly stringent regulatory changes.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

True Simultaneous Nitrification-Denitrification Biological Treatment

True Simultaneous Nitrification-Denitrification Biological Treatment

The TrueSND™ biological treatment process from Evoqua is a well-established true simultaneous nitrification denitrification technology. The process achieves nutrient and BOD treatment limits using less power in a smaller footprint when compared to more conventional alternatives. It can be applied in both new plants and retrofits, and it can easily resolve high peak and storm flow challenges. Evoqua has over 800 installations and offers three systems that fit specific plant needs and capacities: Orbal® multichannel oxidation ditch systemsVLR® systems and VertiCel® wastewater treatment systems. Evoqua also offers SmartBNR™ process controls, which optimize energy efficiency and plant operation. TrueSND can be applied for nutrient removal (TN and TP limits); BOD removal only (30/30 effluent); new construction; plant retrofits and upgrades; and high peak and storm flows. Evoqua can help create a solution that saves energy and space while meeting required effluent standards.

Magnetite Ballasted Treatment — Simple, Reliable And Proven

Magnetite Ballasted Treatment — Simple, Reliable And Proven

The BioMag® and CoMag® Systems from Evoqua infuse magnetite into conventional biological and chemical floc making it heavier and dramatically improving settling. 

DAVCO™ Field-Erected Treatment Plants

DAVCO™ Field-Erected Treatment Plants

Evoqua Water Technologies manufactures and supplies DAVCO™ steel field erected biological treatment systems for the reduction of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS), total nitrogen (TKN) and phosphorus (P). If municipal or industrial wasteater treatment facilities are looking for ways to reduce their associated engineering and construction costs, plus have a shorter concept-to-completion timeline, then these systems are the ideal choice.

The VLR® System for TrueSND™ Biological Treatment

The VLR® System for TrueSND™ Biological Treatment

VLR® Systems from Evoqua utilize a vertical loop based design with looped reactors in series that allows DO stratification. As such, it is suited for simultaneous nitrification/denitrification; biological phosphorus removal and storm water treatment..

The BioMag® System for Enhanced Secondary Treatment

The BioMag® System for Enhanced Secondary Treatment

Proven to dramatically increase biological treatment capacity and help meet ENR limits.

The CoMag® System for Enhanced Clarification

The CoMag® System for Enhanced Clarification

Proven to dramatically increase capacity performance and help to meet tightening regulations.

Wastewater Equipment Retrofit, Rehab and Aftermarket Solutions

Wastewater Equipment Retrofit, Rehab and Aftermarket Solutions

When demand increases, regulations change, and components reach their useful life, Evoqua Water Technologies responds.

Brands You Know. Performance You Trust

Brands You Know. Performance You Trust

While the Evoqua name is new, the brands you know and the performance you trust are not. Evoqua continues a 100-year tradition of helping consulting engineers and municipalities respond to market needs and evolving water standards for new plants, upgrades and retrofits.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Nutrient Removal In Cold Temperatures

Nutrient Removal In Cold Temperatures

Cold temperatures add another layer of challenges to nutrient removal. In this Water Online Radio interview, Martin Hildebrand, the president of Nelson Environmental, talks about the cold temperature applications in Canada and how new technology can help.

From Burden To Blessing:  The Value of Resource Recovery

From Burden To Blessing: The Value of Resource Recovery

The name “wastewater” doesn’t accurately describe water that has been used, says Jim Porteous, from Ovivo. 

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL VIDEOS

Oxelia: An Ozone-Enhanced Biologically Active Filtration System

Oxelia: An Ozone-Enhanced Biologically Active Filtration System

Xylem’s Leopold Oxelia is designed for municipal wastewater treatment. The ozone-enhanced biologically active filtration system and multi-barrier solution combines ozone, filtration and analytical instrumentation to deliver optimal wastewater treatment for water reuse and discharge into sensitive waters.

On-Line Probes For Analyzing Nutrient Removal From Wastewater

On-Line Probes For Analyzing Nutrient Removal From Wastewater

WEFTEC 2009 - Bob Dabkowski of Hach discusses a variety of the Company's instruments and on-line probes for analyzing nutrient removal from wastewater.

Science Safeguards Drinking Water From Harmful Algal Blooms

Toxins from harmful algal blooms are increasingly contaminating source waters, as well as the drinking water treatment facilities that source waters supply. EPA researchers are helping the treatment facilities find safe, cost effective ways to remove the toxins and keep your drinking water safe.

WEDECO PRO<sub>3</sub>MIX Overview

WEDECO PRO3MIX Overview

The PRO3MIX bromate control system is an intelligent ozone-based advanced oxidation process (AOP) introduction and reaction system enabling ozone treatment in a compact and intelligent design to mitigate bromate formation even in cases of high level bromide in source water. This short animated overview walks the reader through the various disinfection points of the process.

Combining Energy Efficiency and Nutrient Removal

Combining Energy Efficiency and Nutrient Removal

The Sanitaire Bioloop oxidation ditch process effectively removes total nitrogen and total phosphorus. Our experienced design team can put together an optimized, flexible solution suited to your current and future treatment needs—without the “black box” approach. Best of all, the process comes standard with all the long-term support you’ve come to expect from Sanitaire and can be provided with a process performance guarantee.

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NUTRIENT REMOVAL NEWS

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ABOUT NUTRIENT REMOVAL

 

About Nutrient Removal

Nutrient removal from wastewater consists of treating wastewater to remove nitrogen and phosphorus before it reenters natural waterways. High levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewater cause eutrophication, a process where excess nutrients stimulate excessive plant growth such as algal blooms and cyanobacteria. The decomposition of the algae by bacteria uses up the oxygen in the water causing other organisms to die. This creates more organic matter for the bacteria to decompose. In addition, some algal blooms can produce toxins that contaminate drinking water supplies.

As authorized by the Clean Water Act, the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit program regulates point sources, such as municipal wastewater treatment plants, that discharge pollutants as effluent into the waters of the United States. In recent years, many of the States’ environmental bodies have lowered nutrient limits to arrest eutrophication. Maryland’s effort to protect the Chesapeake Bay and its tidal tributaries is perhaps the most notable example of nutrient removal in the US. Nutrient removal continues to be a growing area of focus for wastewater treatment throughout the world.   

The removal of nitrogen and phosphorus require different nutrient removal processes. To remove nitrogen, the nitrogen is oxidized from ammonia to become nitrate through a process called nitrification. This process is then followed by denitrification where the nitrate is reduced to nitrogen gas which is released to the atmosphere and removed from the wastewater.

Nitrification is a two-step aerobic process which typically takes place in aeration tanks. Denitrification requires anoxic conditions to encourage the appropriate biological conditions to form. The activated sludge process is often used to reduce nitrate to nitrogen gas in anoxic or denitrification tanks.

Phosphorus can be removed biologically using polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs) which accumulate large quantities of phosphorus within their cells and separate it from treated water. Phosphorus removal can also be achieved by chemical removal. Once removed as sludge, phosphorus may be stored in a land fill. However, many municipalities and treatment facilities are looking to resell the biosolids for use in fertilizer.