DRINKING WATER TREATMENT
Water Surge could cause damage in a water conveyance system, from leaking pipes to serious breakdowns and accidents the consequences of which could lead to heavy financial costs and even loss of life. There are various solutions that are able to prevent or reduce the damage. It is important to know the differences between the solutions, and the advantages and disadvantages of each technology, before recommending the most suitable solution for the system.
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS
Case Study: High Chemical & Blowdown Rates
The client used soft water make up on their large boiler system and was interested in reducing their operational water costs.
Guaynabo WTP In Puerto Rico Saves Thousands With UV 254 Monitoring Package
Dealing with fluctuating water sources is not an easy task for plant operators. Seasonal variation, heavy rain fall or accidental contamination events change the raw water quality, requiring immediate attention. This is a familiar scenario for Facility Manager, Nancy Ma. Cáceres Acosta at the Los Filtros Water Treatment Plant in Puerto Rico. She has been producing highquality water for 256,000 local residents, receiving surface water from the Guaynabo and Bayamon River
Using Pump Variable Speed Drive Solutions In Membrane Filtration
Variable frequency drives (VFDs) are nothing new to membrane filtration units. The most typical use of an external VFD on pressure pumps for reverse osmosis (RO) or ultra-filtration (UF) systems is to account for variability in flow.
Hydrogen Safety In ClorTec® Hypochlorite Generators
Severn Trent Services’ ClorTec® on-site hypochlorite generating systems range in capacity from 6 to 3,000+ lb/day (2.7 to 1,360+ kg/day). They generate a 0.8% sodium hypochlorite solution by combining three common consumables: salt, water, and electricity, to produce a chlorine equivalent
East Bay MUD Uses Custom Valve, Reduces Water Pressure And Gains Surge Protection
As an engineer, your day-to-day responsibilities often include staying up to date on best-in-class applications and specifications. But whether you’re charged with designing a water treatment facility or pump station, or simply supervising an existing system, the equipment you select must be vetted. This is generally a challenge for engineers because many companies are vying to have their products deemed as the best solution, yet visibility into those claims is often limited.
Zero Liquid Waste: A Desalination Solution For Chloride, Sulfate Limits
Mining operations and other energy producers face a multitude of clean-water regulations that can seriously impact their businesses. Strict standards governing discharge into waterways can increase costs and inhibit production. Veolia Water Technologies is addressing these issues through advanced treatment processes that allow companies to generate clean water for reuse or environmental discharge with no substantial liquid waste. Called the Zero Liquid Waste (ZLW) approach, the industrial water desalination technology benefits the mining industry, which must contend with stringent new regulatory requirements that limit the discharge of chlorides and sulfates into streams, rivers, lakes and other bodies of water.
Monitor Your Pump For Process Efficiency
Pumps are all too frequently one of the most overlooked and abused pieces of equipment in process automation, yet nothing moves without them and a process becomes inefficient when they don’t operate properly or completely shutdown. By Jim Delee, Sr. Member Technical Staff, Fluid Components International
Solve High Alkalinity With Membrane Contactors
A membrane degassing system can solve high bicarbonate alkalinity that negatively affects anion bed life.
Case Study: LG Electronics Selects HERO Demineralized Water And UPW System For Waste Water Reduction LG Electronics (LGE), the Korean electronics and digital giant, recently commissioned its fourth Plasma Display Panel (PDP) line, A#3 at their South Korean Display Workplace. Reflecting their confidence in the global PDP market, LGE was determined to concentrate its core capabilities on building A#3, which is capable of producing 12,000 units a month. The PDP A#3 project is built on a 1,256,200 square meters at Gumi City in South Korea...
Seasonal Organics Variations: Effects On The Efficiency Of Water Treatment Processes Natural organic matter (NOM) in source water has created a lot of interest in the field of water purification. By Real Tech Inc.
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT APPLICATION NOTES
Organics Monitoring (TOC)
Total organic carbon (TOC) testing is the traditional method for determining organic matter in water. However there is a far more practical, affordable and often more useful way to measure organic matter. UV absorbance testing (UVA) is rapidly becoming the preferred method of measuring organics even when the levels of organics being measured are very small.
Chinese Chemical Plant Optimizes Water Treatment By Replacing Double Pass RO With A Single Pass RO And Liqui-Cel® Contactor System Electrodeionization (EDI) is widely used in many industrial water treatment systems throughout the world. In order to maximize the operating stability and life expectancy of an EDI system they were often designed with double pass RO using caustic injection pretreatment. By Membrana
Application Note: Miami Conservancy District Uses Nitrate Screening As Conjunctive Management Tool Tasked with monitoring a watershed covering nearly 4,000 square miles, almost 2,300 miles of rivers and streams, and a huge aquifer that provides drinking water for more than 1.2 million people, water quality monitoring specialists at the Miami Conservancy District (MCD) in Dayton, Ohio, have their hands full. By YSI
Application Note: YSI Water Quality Monitoring Buoys Help Connecticut DOT Protect The Housatonic River When replacement of the Sikorski Bridge spanning the Housatonic River was authorized, Paul Corrente and the Connecticut Department of Transportation (CT-DOT) set about the design and development of a water quality monitoring program to monitor the contractor’s in-water activities to insure full protection of the river from perturbation
Hydrogen Sulfide Removal From Water Using AquaSorb® CX-MCA
The “rotten egg” odor in some water supplies is caused by sulfide in water. Sulfide can be treated using oxidation techniques, the goal being to convert the sulfide to high oxidation state species such as sulfate to eliminate the taste and odor concerns. Traditional oxidation techniques such as ozone and chlorine can be used, but can be expensive due to the equipment required to add and monitor the oxidant, and can lead to by-products such as trihalomethanes (THMs), which are regulated in drinking water supplies.
YSI Water Quality Monitoring Buoys Help Connecticut DOT Protect The Housatonic River When replacement of the Sikorski Bridge spanning the Housatonic River was authorized, Paul Corrente and the Connecticut Department of Transportation (CT-DOT) set about the design and development of a water quality monitoring program to monitor the contractor’s in-water activities to insure full protection of the river from perturbation
Chemical Cost Comparison Of A Conventional Deaerator Vs A Liqui-Cel® Membrane Contactor System Mixed bed ion exchange is often used to polish Reverse Osmosis (RO) permeate in many industrial water systems.This process has been utilized for several years and it is well known that the management of the dissolved Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the water is critical for an efficient operation. By Membrana
Dissolved Oxygen Measurement
One of the most important measurements in the determination of the health of a body of water is its dissolved oxygen content. The quantity of dissolved oxygen in water is normally expressed in parts per million (ppm) by weight and is due to the solubility of oxygen from the atmosphere around us.
Ozone Disinfection: Ozone Measurement In Potable Water Ozone is a powerful oxidizing agent that can be used to destroy the organic compounds that affect the taste and odor of potable water. Environmental concerns have led to increased use of ozone because, unlike chlorine, it does not form hazardous by-products. By Emerson Process Management, Rosemount Analytical
The Basics: Testing RO Quality
Osmosis is the phenomenon of lower dissolved solids in water passing through a semi-permeable membrane into higher dissolved solids water until a near equilibrium is reached.
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT PRODUCTSMore Drinking Water Treatment Products
LATEST INSIGHTS ON DRINKING WATER TREATMENT
What’s So “Smart” About Potable Smart Water Networks?
Smart Networks— no matter if they are on the potable side of the industry or the wastewater side— seem to be one of the next battlegrounds for efficiency.
Bring On The Bacteria: Conventional Treatment Methods Not Enough To Produce Safe Drinking Water
Around the world there are guidelines and regulations regarding the quality of drinking water distributed by water treatment plants. These guidelines/regulations are sometimes national, such as U.S. regulations and Canadian guidelines.
How To Deliver Better Water And Increase Consumer Confidence Simultaneously
Created in 1995 to help prevent another Cryptosporidium or similar outbreak, the Partnership For Safe Water offers self-assessment and optimization programs for drinking water utilities
Understanding Salt Passage Vs. Salt Rejection In Reverse Osmosis Systems
Knowing the dynamics of membrane separation and distinguishing salt rejection and salt passage and how they’re calculated is necessary to understand the unique operational behaviors of reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF), microfiltration (MF), and ultrafiltration (UF) systems.
A Beginner’s Guide To On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation
Why buy, transport, and store chlorine when you can make your own? Here are nine questions to consider before adopting the practice.
8 Questions For Every Water Utility After The UCLA Water Main Break
The water and mud from the big water main break that flooded the UCLA campus in Los Angeles in late July left behind several questions that could be asked of every water supplier in the country. Find out for yourself how vulnerable your home town’s water supply is to leaks and breaks with these eight questions. By Ed Osann, NRDC senior water policy analyst
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT NEWS
DRINKING WATER TREATMENT VIDEOSMore From Drinking Water Treatment Videos
ABOUT DRINKING WATER TREATMENT
Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.
There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.
The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.
The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.
During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.
Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.