CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS
Sometimes technology innovations come along which cause a paradigm shift in how products are designed.
The Nationwide Impact Of California’s Hexavalent Chromium Regulations
California recently became the first U.S. state to regulate hexavalent chromium in drinking water. Will others follow suit?
Arsenic Removal Technologies: A Review
Arsenic is a common element in the earth’s crust, natural groundwater, and even the human body. It is an odorless and tasteless semi-metal (metalloid) that is naturally present in aquifers throughout the U.S. and the world.
UV Disinfection Eliminates Groundwater-Borne Pathogens At Water Utility
A study led by the Marshfield Clinic Research Foundation set out to prove the growing evidence 'that our groundwater is fairly heavily contaminated with human pathogenic viruses.'
UV Disinfection Produces Highly Purified Water In Silicon Valley
With diminished rainfall, a depleted aquifer basin, near-empty recharge ponds, and an earthquake-vulnerable aqueduct system, the Santa Clara Valley Water District (SCVWD) in San Jose, CA, required additional water supplies to maintain regional economic vitality for its growing community.
EPA’s Upcoming Regulation On Strontium — What You Need To Know
In October, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) made a preliminary determination to regulate strontium in the nation's drinking water.
The UV Uprising: How UV Disinfection Will Claw Its Way To Prominence
Chlorination in all of its forms — gas, liquid, or solid — has been the primary way for treatment plants to disinfect the treated wastewater. The treatment plants that use gas chlorination must face federal regulatory oversight in the form of a Risk Management Program (RMP). Liquid chlorine plants trade in the regulatory oversight for a more expensive and less effective product. While chlorine in its solid form is good for small treatment facilities known as package plants (named for their mobility). However, ultraviolet (UV) technology is rapidly altering the landscape of disinfection throughout the industry.
Known For “Healing Waters,” Pagosa Springs Restores Its Potable Water System With Help From SolarBee® Mixers
Located in the high desert plateau of southwestern Colorado, Pagosa Springs is famous for its geothermal hot springs, which draw visitors worldwide to soak in the mineral-rich water. The Utes called the sulfur springs “Pah-gosah,” meaning “healing waters.” You might say the town’s potable water system is healed now as well.
CDOX® Demonstration – Large-Scale Drinking Water Facility
This brief memo will provide a snapshot of data and information from BlueInGreen’s most recent CDOX® success at a 120 MGD municipal water treatment plant in the Midwest.
Treating Trace Contaminants In Drinking Water - Aurora, Colorado (Case Study)
Many waterways contain environmental contaminants resulting from agricultural runoff or industrial/municipal wastewater discharge. Possible environmental contaminants include nitrosamines, pesticides, pharmaceuticals, personal care products or other environmental contaminants. To protect residents from these contaminants, the City of Aurora set stringent water treatment goals, and adopted an advanced treatment process at the Aurora Reservoir Water Purification Facility. Find out what role our TrojanUVPhox™ plays in that process.
Ozone Disinfection System Provides Treatment In Arizona
Water is disinfected before it enters the distribution system to ensure that dangerous microbial contaminants are killed.
Solving A Taste and Odor Problem Step By Step (Article)
The City of Alliance Ohio’s water system has experienced annual Taste and Odor (T&O) events since the mid 1950’s, when the first of two reservoirs, Deer Creek Reservoir, was placed into service. Nutrient contaminants, in particular phosphorous, in the watershed accumulate in the reservoirs causing algal blooms. By Terry Keep of TrojanUV, Said Abou Abdallah of Arcadis, and Dr. Dean Reynolds, Department of Water Treatment City of Alliance, Ohio
The Increasing Role That Filtration And UV Disinfection Plays In Cooling Towers
An increasing number of technology industries are turning to cooling towers to remove excess heat from buildings or processes. Server farms or server clusters are typically located between the system switches and the routers, and the removal of heat from these facilities is critical to their optimal function.
BI Pure Water worked with University of British Columbia researchers and Lytton First Nation to develop a water disinfection system that addresses the needs of native communities, both cultural values as well as the basic necessity of clean drinking water.
CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTSMore Products
DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTSMore Podcasts
CONTAMINANT REMOVAL APPLICATION NOTES
CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOSMore Videos
The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.
There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.
The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.
The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.
Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.
A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.
Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.
Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits. Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.
Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).