CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Monoclor Chloramine Residual Management System Manages Residual For Problematic 5.5 Million Gallon Tank
Monoclor Chloramine Residual Management System Manages Residual For Problematic 5.5 Million Gallon Tank

Eastern Municipal Water District (EMWD) serves about 142,000 customers in Riverside County, CA. The EMWD service area is one of the largest for any water district in arid southern California. On the drinking water side, EMWD manages two water treatment plants and over 15 reservoirs. With 70% of the district’s water coming from the Metropolitan Water District with chloramine disinfection, EMWD has become reliant on chloramine disinfection to manage long transmission lines and longer detention times.

<em>Microcystin</em> Concentrations Following Treatments Of Harmful Algal Blooms
Microcystin Concentrations Following Treatments Of Harmful Algal Blooms
Microcystin producing cyanobacteria blooms were sampled and tested from an Illinois reservoir, an Ohio reservoir and a Michigan lake.
The Question: Should the fear of "releasing" microcystin deter an algaecide application?
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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

SORB 07™ Nitrate Removal System SORB 07™ Nitrate Removal System

With more than 25 years of ion exchange treatment process experience, De Nora Water Technologies has designed the SORB 07™ nitrate removal system to treat nitrate (NO3) contamination in ground water supplies.

E33 Adsorption Systems E33 Adsorption Systems

In the adsorption process, contaminants break their bond with the water molecules and chemically adhere to a filter media. This is typically accomplished by directing the water flow through pressure vessels containing the filter media at a rate that allows enough contact time for adsorption to occur. AdEdge Water Technologies’ Bayoxide E33 adsorption media is the industry standard for arsenic removal. This granular ferric oxide media reduces up to 99% total arsenic, including both Arsenic (III) and Arsenic (V).

PFOA And PFOS Remediation PFOA And PFOS Remediation

Perfluoroalkyl Compounds: Perfluorooctane Sulfonic Acid (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) Treatment.

SORB 09™ Fluoride Removal System SORB 09™ Fluoride Removal System

The SORB 09 system treats a wide range of water qualities at capacities ranging from 50 to 3,000 gpm. The SORB 09 system features a small footprint and enhanced operation as compared to conventional activated alumina adsorption systems.

Aqua ElectrOzone™ Ozone Generation System Aqua ElectrOzone™ Ozone Generation System

Ozone treatment for water and wastewater has been utilized successfully for several decades and continues to be a viable disinfection solution for both municipal and industrial plants, worldwide.

ClorTec&reg; Inspection And Maintenance Program ClorTec® Inspection And Maintenance Program

De Nora Water Technologies has developed a comprehensive preventative inspection and maintenance contract program for our ClorTec® on-site sodium hypochlorite generation system.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Biological Filtration For Drinking Water Treatment Takes Off Biological Filtration For Drinking Water Treatment Takes Off

Biottta is a relatively new biological filtration process for drinking water treatment, addressing nitrates, perchlorates, chromium-6 and a number of VOCs as well. In this Water Online Radio interview, AdEdge Water Technologies’ Chad Miller and Rich Cavagnaro discuss its emergence in the water treatment market and some of the specific contaminants it addresses.

On Site Hydrogen Peroxide Generation for Advanced Oxidation Process On Site Hydrogen Peroxide Generation for Advanced Oxidation Process

Vitamins, steroids and hormones are all emerging as contaminants being detected in drinking water supplies. As Jon McClean, Chief Technology Officer with Neptune Benson explains in this Water Online Radio interview, advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) add hydrogen peroxide in front of UV treatment to eradicate contamination.

Instantly Measuring Trihalomethanes (THM) Instantly Measuring Trihalomethanes (THM)

Water treatment plants are responsible for sampling their water quarterly for trihalomethanes (THM). THM are a group of four chemicals that are formed along with other disinfection byproducts (DBPs) when chlorine or other disinfectants used to control microbial contaminants in drinking water react with naturally occurring organic and inorganic matter in water.

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon For Removing PFOA And PFOS Coconut Shell Activated Carbon For Removing PFOA And PFOS

Coconut shell activated carbon is typically used for filtration in cleaner waters. Its alternatives are coal-based or wood-based carbon. With the recently published EPA guidelines on perfluorinated compounds, Water Online Radio sat down with Neal Megonnell, Senior Vice President for Haycarb USA, to understand coconut shell activated carbon’s application in fighting PFOA and PFOS.

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

Conventional ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is a great, but often expensive, solution for the destruction of pathogens in drinking water. All those lamps and power emissions add up. But what if you could perform the same job with 1/10 of the power used by conventional systems?

Combating Chromium The Smart Way Combating Chromium The Smart Way

Ever since Erin Brockovich discovered hexavalent chromium in California’s water supply in the early ‘90s, the contaminant has been on the minds of treatment plant operators everywhere.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

biottta Biological Filtration In California biottta Biological Filtration In California

Delano, a small town in California's Central Valley, was experiencing high nitrate levels in their groundwater. AdEdge, in conjunction with Carollo Engineers, designed, manufactured, and commissioned a biottta biological filtration system for nitrate removal rated for 570 gpm.

PFOA Task Force - Calgon Carbon Corporation PFOA Task Force - Calgon Carbon Corporation

Behind the terrifying headlines of contaminated water exists an effective, affordable solution. No one wants to be without drinking water, yet many communities around the country are being told their water is unsafe. Watch this video to learn more.

Calgon Carbon Activated Carbon Video Calgon Carbon Activated Carbon Video

As a leading manufacturer of activated carbon, with broad capabilities in ultraviolet light disinfection, Calgon Carbon provides purification solutions for drinking water, wastewater, pollution abatement, and a variety of industrial and commercial manufacturing processes. This animation takes you through the process of manufacturing activated carbon.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).