CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

On-Site Chlorine Generation Replaces Conventional Chlorine Gas Feed System In Scottsdale AZ

The city of Scottsdale, Arizona, a community of more than 200,000 residents was historically totally dependent on groundwater resources.  By the mid 1980’s, the city began putting together a multi-faceted water resource program to provide the community with a long-term sustainable water supply.

  • CDOX® Demonstration – Large-Scale Drinking Water Facility
    CDOX® Demonstration – Large-Scale Drinking Water Facility

    This brief memo will provide a snapshot of data and information from BlueInGreen’s most recent CDOX® success at a 120 MGD municipal water treatment plant in the Midwest.

  • Municipal Drinking Water Facility Installs UV System To Deactivate Cryptosporidium And Giardia
    Municipal Drinking Water Facility Installs UV System To Deactivate Cryptosporidium And Giardia

    The City of Berea public water system, provides service to approximately 20,000 people, using surface water drawn from the East Branch of the Rocky River; however, supplies can also be drawn from nearby Coe Lake and Baldwin Creek as needed.

  • Arsenic Removed From Drinking Water With Iron Oxide Adsorption Treatment
    Arsenic Removed From Drinking Water With Iron Oxide Adsorption Treatment

    When high levels of arsenic were found in the drinking water in the community of Alto Lampa outside of Santiago de Chile, municipal water provider Aguas Adinas faced a predicament. AdEdge Water Technologies was contacted to design a treatment approach. This case study describes how iron oxide adsorption helped Alto Lampa reduce arsenic levels in treated water to non-detectable concentrations.

  • Solving A Taste and Odor Problem Step By Step (Article)
    Solving A Taste and Odor Problem Step By Step (Article)

    The City of Alliance Ohio’s water system has experienced annual Taste and Odor (T&O) events since the mid 1950’s, when the first of two reservoirs, Deer Creek Reservoir, was placed into service. Nutrient contaminants, in particular phosphorous, in the watershed accumulate in the reservoirs causing algal blooms. By Terry Keep of TrojanUV, Said Abou Abdallah of Arcadis, and Dr. Dean Reynolds, Department of Water Treatment City of Alliance, Ohio

  • Endocrine Disrupting Compounds And Their Treatment
    Endocrine Disrupting Compounds And Their Treatment

    Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDC) are a subset of chemicals identified as contaminants of emerging concern, or “CECs.” EDCs are chemicals that can affect the endocrine (hormonal) systems of humans and animals. Hormones regulate reproduction, growth, and behavior. Anything that can potentially disrupt those functions must be studied carefully.

  • Granular Activated Carbon As A Barrier Against Chemical Spills
    Granular Activated Carbon As A Barrier Against Chemical Spills

    Granular activated carbon can provide an effective barrier defense against chemical spills into our drinking water sources. Read this white paper describing how to put GAC to work defending your source waters.

  • Municipality Removes Biofilm, Improves Water Quality, Lowers Dosage With MIOX
    Municipality Removes Biofilm, Improves Water Quality, Lowers Dosage With MIOX

    Looking to reduce potential disinfection byproducts issues that new and difficult regulations were requiring, a Tennessee municipality began investigating alternative water treatment disinfection methods in an effort to reduce the potential liability (RMP) involved with using and storing gas chlorine. Within months of switching to a mix of oxidants (MOS), a difference was noted in the systems residual, residual was no longer dead spotting in low flow areas, and much higher residual was noted in areas that had been difficult to maintain At the end of the first year of operation the municipality had also documented a reduction in their disinfection byproducts formations, specifically both TTHMs and HAAs, which were both reduced by 50% in direct comparison with the quarterly results from the previous year.

  • MEMCOR® Continuous Microfiltration System Maximizes Water Resources For The City Of Scottsdale, Arizona
    MEMCOR® Continuous Microfiltration System Maximizes Water Resources For The City Of Scottsdale, Arizona

    The desert community of Scottsdale, Arizona had no natural surface water sources and a decreasing groundwater supply. Scottsdale had historically treated and disposed of its wastewater.

  • Sulfate Removal Technologies:  A Review
    Sulfate Removal Technologies: A Review

    Sulfate concentrations in water have come under increasing scrutiny from regulatory authorities over the past two decades.

  • Known For “Healing Waters,” Pagosa Springs Restores Its Potable Water System With Help From SolarBee® Mixers
    Known For “Healing Waters,” Pagosa Springs Restores Its Potable Water System With Help From SolarBee® Mixers

    Located in the high desert plateau of southwestern Colorado, Pagosa Springs is famous for its geothermal hot springs, which draw visitors worldwide to soak in the mineral-rich water. The Utes called the sulfur springs “Pah-gosah,” meaning “healing waters.” You might say the town’s potable water system is healed now as well.

  • Guaynabo WTP In Puerto Rico Saves Thousands With UV 254 Monitoring Package
    Guaynabo WTP In Puerto Rico Saves Thousands With UV 254 Monitoring Package

    Dealing with fluctuating water sources is not an easy task for plant operators. Seasonal variation, heavy rain fall or accidental contamination events change the raw water quality, requiring immediate attention. This is a familiar scenario for Facility Manager, Nancy Ma. Cáceres Acosta at the Los Filtros Water Treatment Plant in Puerto Rico. She has been producing highquality water for 256,000 local residents, receiving surface water from the Guaynabo and Bayamon River

  • UV Disinfection: An Ideal Solution For One Beverage Bottler
    UV Disinfection: An Ideal Solution For One Beverage Bottler

    A well known bottler of teas and sports drinks uses a dose-paced UV system from ETS to accommodate changes in flow and water quality when switching between water sources.

The UV Uprising: How UV Disinfection Will Claw Its Way To Prominence

Chlorination in all of its forms — gas, liquid, or solid — has been the primary way for treatment plants to disinfect the treated wastewater. The treatment plants that use gas chlorination must face federal regulatory oversight in the form of a Risk Management Program (RMP). Liquid chlorine plants trade in the regulatory oversight for a more expensive and less effective product. While chlorine in its solid form is good for small treatment facilities known as package plants (named for their mobility). However, ultraviolet (UV) technology is rapidly altering the landscape of disinfection throughout the industry.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

ETS-UV For Drinking Water Disinfection

ETS-UV For Drinking Water Disinfection

The ETS range of drinking water UV systems are modeled using CFD and FEA emulation tools and have been independently validated to demonstrate performance under a variety of operating conditions.

Wallace & Tiernan® Disinfection

Wallace & Tiernan® Disinfection

Evoqua Water Technologies is the premier provider of total disinfection and chemical dosing solutions. Our extensive portfolio, which includes the trusted Wallace & Tiernan product line, is designed to meet your most rigorous demands in virtually any water application and give you access to both the latest advances and widest range of proven technologies.

Brands You Know. Performance You Trust

Brands You Know. Performance You Trust

While the Evoqua name is new, the brands you know and the performance you trust are not. Evoqua continues a 100-year tradition of helping consulting engineers and municipalities respond to market needs and evolving water standards for new plants, upgrades and retrofits.

NeoTech D338™

NeoTech D338™

The NeoTech D338™ is specially designed to disinfect water and is an essential component in advanced oxidation processes.

MEMCOR® Ultrafiltration Systems

MEMCOR® Ultrafiltration Systems

Our membranes and membrane systems reflect the advancements that have been made in the industry over the past three decades.

UV Systems For Corrosive Media

UV Systems For Corrosive Media

Xylem offers long disinfection experience and a broad portfolio of UV solutions specially for corrosive media like saltwater.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Safer Disinfection With Peracetic Acid

Safer Disinfection With Peracetic Acid

John Maziuk, Technical Development Manager at Solvay Chemicals, discusses the benefits of peracetic acid over other wastewater and stormwater disinfection methods, including no harmful byproducts, a simpler process, and a longer shelf life.

Key Trends In Water And Wastewater Treatment: Non-Chemical Disinfection, Remote Management, And Urbanization

Key Trends In Water And Wastewater Treatment: Non-Chemical Disinfection, Remote Management, And Urbanization

Rick VanSant, President and CEO of UV Pure Technologies, explains some of the key trends currently shaping the water and wastewater market, including non-chemical disinfection, remote management, and urbanization.

'Hot' Water Treatment: Trending Technologies For Utilities

'Hot' Water Treatment: Trending Technologies For Utilities

What are the key innovations that are actually being implemented, here and now, and creating a paradigm shift in water and wastewater treatment? Jess Brown, VP and director of R&D for Carollo Engineers, tackles the question.

Biological Treatment Comes Of Age

Biological Treatment Comes Of Age

Biological treatment has been around quite a while at wastewater treatment plants, but it’s still undergoing evolution and innovation.

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Rich Cavagnaro, President of AdEdge Water Technologies, and Tom Carmody, President of TC Tech LLC, share how their companies have partnered to successfully grow business in the advanced water treatment technology space.

The Pros And Cons Of Ion Exchange Versus Membrane Technology

The Pros And Cons Of Ion Exchange Versus Membrane Technology

Frank Caligiuri, Sales Manager for Hungerford & Terry, discusses the merits of ion exchange versus membrane technology with a focus on the constituents being removed

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

Flowback Water Recycling

Flowback Water Recycling

Watch as MIOX's patented mixed oxidant technology dramatically changes, and treats hydraulic fracturing flowback water on-the-fly. MIOX's water treatment solution has a small footprint, and utilizes only salt and electricity which helps provide low treatment costs.

WEDECO Duron UV Disinfection System Overview Video

WEDECO Duron UV Disinfection System Overview Video

WEDECO Duron is a new, open channel UV disinfection system for clean, safe treated wastewater that minimizes energy and footprint. Designed for mid-size to large open channel systems, the Duron eliminates the need for chemical based disinfection while simultaneously reducing electricity costs and the amount of space required. This video explains the overall function of the product.

How To Install A UV Lamp

How To Install A UV Lamp

This video features a step-by-step demonstration of how to change out a used UV lamp and install a new one.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).