DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL

CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Surface Water Treatment & LT2 Compliance - Surprise, Arizona (Case Study)

The White Tanks Regional Water Treatment Facility (White Tanks) is located in Surprise, Arizona, and treats surface water from the Colorado River that is delivered by a 336 mile (540 kilometer) man-made canal.

  • Drinking Water Disinfection: Tianjin, China (Case Study)
    Drinking Water Disinfection: Tianjin, China (Case Study)

    Favorable reviews of UV technology in wastewater applications influenced Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA) Water Supply General Company to investigate the potential of using UV for drinking water applications at one of its water treatment plants. With no previous UV installations for drinking water disinfection in the country, TEDA's process of selecting a UV manufacturer was stringent. We are honored that they chose us and our TrojanUVSwift™ system.

  • The Basics Of Disinfection
    The Basics Of Disinfection

    From utility water to wastewater, whether used in industrial processes or for drinking, disinfection plays a prominent role in providing safe and useable water. Water free from pathogens and other microorganisms ensures processes run efficiently and people are kept safe from disease. By Harland R Pond, Business Development Manager – Water Treatment

  • Rainwater For Reuse As Drinking Water
    Rainwater For Reuse As Drinking Water

    When McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario built their new Engineering Technology Building, they used the latest state-of-the-art technology not only to achieve LEED Gold certification, but also to create a living laboratory to train students on the building systems of the future.

  • Ohio Water Plant Finds Effective Alternative To Chlorine Gas
    Ohio Water Plant Finds Effective Alternative To Chlorine Gas

    For many years, Huber Heights, OH, searched for an effective and affordable way to eliminate gaseous chlorine (Cl2) use at its 4.46 MGD Needmore Road Water Treatment Plant. An innovative dry calcium hypochlorite makeup and delivery system now provides a safer disinfection method for operators and the community.

  • MEMCOR® Continuous Microfiltration System Maximizes Water Resources For The City Of Scottsdale, Arizona
    MEMCOR® Continuous Microfiltration System Maximizes Water Resources For The City Of Scottsdale, Arizona

    The desert community of Scottsdale, Arizona had no natural surface water sources and a decreasing groundwater supply. Scottsdale had historically treated and disposed of its wastewater.

  • GAC Solution For Ohio's Most Challenging Water
    GAC Solution For Ohio's Most Challenging Water

    Over the course of many years the City of Celina, Ohio has been challenged with supplying drinking water to the 11,647 residents of the city and the East Jefferson District.

  • Arsenic Removed From Drinking Water With Iron Oxide Adsorption Treatment
    Arsenic Removed From Drinking Water With Iron Oxide Adsorption Treatment

    When high levels of arsenic were found in the drinking water in the community of Alto Lampa outside of Santiago de Chile, municipal water provider Aguas Adinas faced a predicament. AdEdge Water Technologies was contacted to design a treatment approach. This case study describes how iron oxide adsorption helped Alto Lampa reduce arsenic levels in treated water to non-detectable concentrations.

  • On-Site Chlorine Generation Replaces Conventional Chlorine Gas Feed System In Scottsdale AZ
    On-Site Chlorine Generation Replaces Conventional Chlorine Gas Feed System In Scottsdale AZ

    To eliminate the risks involved with transporting chlorine gas throughout the community, Scottsdale's Central Groundwater Threatment Facility was converted to on-site chlorine generation. This case study discusses the rehabilitation project including the provision of water to the community during the four-month period between the old chlorination system being taken off-line and the new equipment being fully operational.

  • The Role Of UV In Solving Next-Generation Water Challenges
    The Role Of UV In Solving Next-Generation Water Challenges

    The global market for water treatment technologies is growing and becoming increasingly important as the quality and quantity of freshwater sources are stressed and the link between fresh water sources and wastewater — returned to the environment — is more and more obvious. By Rick VanSant, President & CEO, UV Pure Technologies, Inc.

  • Richland Springs Special Utility District, Texas Case Study

    The Richland Special Utility District found that naturally-occurring radionuclides in their raw water source exceeded Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCL’s) for Gross Alpha Emitters and Combined Radium. The district selected Water Remediation Technology's Z-88 Radium Removal Process as a cost-effective solution to reduce the gross alpha and radium content. In this case study, learn how the water quality now successfully meets regulatory requirements. 

  • Multi-Barrier Disinfection Strategy - New York City (Case Study)
    Multi-Barrier Disinfection Strategy - New York City (Case Study)

    New York City is home to more than 8 million people, making it the most populous city in the United States. The majority of New York's drinking water is supplied by the Catskill/Delaware watershed, located approximately 100 miles outside the city. Historically, NYC has not filtered the water from this system, nor did they require any additional barriers to microbial contaminants due to the pristine nature of the watershed.

  • UV Disinfection: An Ideal Solution For One Beverage Bottler
    UV Disinfection: An Ideal Solution For One Beverage Bottler

    A well known bottler of teas and sports drinks uses a dose-paced UV system from ETS to accommodate changes in flow and water quality when switching between water sources.

Municipality Removes Biofilm, Improves Water Quality, Lowers Dosage With MIOX

Looking to reduce potential disinfection byproducts issues that new and difficult regulations were requiring, a Tennessee municipality began investigating alternative water treatment disinfection methods in an effort to reduce the potential liability (RMP) involved with using and storing gas chlorine. Within months of switching to a mix of oxidants (MOS), a difference was noted in the systems residual, residual was no longer dead spotting in low flow areas, and much higher residual was noted in areas that had been difficult to maintain At the end of the first year of operation the municipality had also documented a reduction in their disinfection byproducts formations, specifically both TTHMs and HAAs, which were both reduced by 50% in direct comparison with the quarterly results from the previous year.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

Activated Carbon for Emerging Pollutants

Activated Carbon for Emerging Pollutants

The presence of active pharmaceutical ingredients, radio-opaque substances and endocrine disrupting chemicals in raw water sources is a relatively new emerging issue in relation to drinking water quality. However, the in"uence of pollutants on health and general well-being is becoming apparent with the incidence of carcinoma increasing and fertility rates being affected. A solution for the ef#cient removal of these substances from water use by production sites is required.

Resinex Ion Exchange Resins

Resinex Ion Exchange Resins

In many water treatment and food purification applications, activated carbon is used in conjunction with ion exchange resins to provide an end-product of the desired quality and purity.

MFC Analyzers And Controllers For Accurate And Reliable Disinfection Measurements

MFC Analyzers And Controllers For Accurate And Reliable Disinfection Measurements

MFC Analyzers and Controllers from Evoqua are integral to chlorination systems and uniquely provide for the selection of up to four distinct disinfection measurements and the simultaneous control of two measures to maintain the desired level of disinfection and water quality.

UV Systems For Corrosive Media

UV Systems For Corrosive Media

Xylem offers long disinfection experience and a broad portfolio of UV solutions specially for corrosive media like saltwater.

WEDECO MiPRO Advanced Oxidation Solutions

WEDECO MiPRO Advanced Oxidation Solutions

Xylem’s WEDECO MiPRO™ solution is based on three key components: Ozone, Hydrogen Peroxide, and UV light. By combining these technologies, flexible oxidation solutions for individual micropollutant requirements are available.

WEDECO DURON® UV System

WEDECO DURON® UV System

Xylem’s WEDECO brand has developed a new open channel ultraviolet (UV) disinfection system that delivers clean, safe treated wastewater of the highest standard using a minimum of energy. The WEDECO Duron UV system eliminates the need for chemical based disinfection as well as delivering lower operating and maintenance costs.

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

The Pros And Cons Of Ion Exchange Versus Membrane Technology

The Pros And Cons Of Ion Exchange Versus Membrane Technology

Frank Caligiuri, Sales Manager for Hungerford & Terry, discusses the merits of ion exchange versus membrane technology with a focus on the constituents being removed

Understanding The Benefits Of Chlorination

Understanding The Benefits Of Chlorination

Fletcher Roche, Product Manager at Siemens Water Technologies, explains why chlorine gas is a safe and cost-effective disinfection solution.

A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water

A True Lifesaver: Grundfos Provides Key Element For High-Quality Water

The facilities run by the University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics have strict standards for water quality, as staff must protect the very sensitive equipment and patients under their care. Safeguarding against such threats as Legionella, there is no room for treatment system downtime. As maintenance issues with the network's existing water treatment systems became ever-increasing, a new technology was sought.

Key Trends In Water And Wastewater Treatment: Non-Chemical Disinfection, Remote Management, And Urbanization

Key Trends In Water And Wastewater Treatment: Non-Chemical Disinfection, Remote Management, And Urbanization

Rick VanSant, President and CEO of UV Pure Technologies, explains some of the key trends currently shaping the water and wastewater market, including non-chemical disinfection, remote management, and urbanization.

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Rich Cavagnaro, President of AdEdge Water Technologies, and Tom Carmody, President of TC Tech LLC, share how their companies have partnered to successfully grow business in the advanced water treatment technology space.

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Jim Knepper, Vice President of Sales for Jacobi Carbons, discusses the growth of the Company and the advantages of coconut shell activated carbon in complying with the EPA’s disinfection byproduct phase II ruling.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

Replacing Chlorine Gas for Drinking Water Disinfection | Customer Testimonial

Replacing Chlorine Gas for Drinking Water Disinfection | Customer Testimonial

MIOX representative Mario Afanador from USA Global Market interviews engineer Carlos Rincon from the Wiesner Water Treatment Plant, where their large MIOX RIO Grande system is safely, cost-effectively disinfecting drinking water for the citizens of Bogota, Colombia.

Water Purification Solutions From Severn Trent Services

Water Purification Solutions From Severn Trent Services

Severn Trent Services offers a broad range of water treatment technologies concentrated around disinfection and filtration. In this video, Sales Director John Dyson highlights the new Anchor-Rite® design for the TETRA® LP Block™, dual parallel lateral underdrains that are popular with plant owners as a retrofit or for new filter underdrain applications. Find out how the company is currently working with customers to identify needs and plan their product portfolio accordingly.

MIOX Flowback Water Disinfection For Recycle

MIOX Flowback Water Disinfection For Recycle

Watch as MIOX’s patented mixed oxidant technology dramatically changes, and treats hydraulic fracturing flowback water on-the-fly. MIOX’s water treatment solution has a small footprint, and utilizes only salt and electricity which helps provide low treatment costs.

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).