DESALINATION CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS
Kibbutz Reim had to convert salty groundwater into a high quality irrigation resource in this desert-like region. High recovery was essential to this customer, both because of the limited amount of groundwater available and the challenge of brine disposal from their inland location.
Closed Circuit Desalination Technology Provides Steel Manufacturer ROI In Less Than 60 Days
This leading rod and wire mill requires water for cooling steel and tools in its manufacturing process. Water used for cooling becomes contaminated with metals and lubricants and was therefore being disposed of as waste.
Eliminate CIP And Cut Wastewater Disposal In Half With CCD
A high water recovery rate is essential for this well-known soy protein manufacturer.
Reliable Production Of High Quality Permeate For Irrigation
Following one of the driest periods on record in California, farmers in the San Joaquin Valley faced restricted water allocations.
CCD Technology Succeeds With Well Water Purification
The Kittansett Golf Club in Marion, Massachusetts is rated one of America’s 100 Greatest Golf Courses by Golf Digest Magazine.
Produce Potable And Pharmaceutical Grade Water From Problematic Brackish Water
A pharmaceutical manufacturing plant located in Sedom, Israel faced challenging environmental conditions including low humidity, temperatures exceeding 105 degrees Fahrenheit and limited water supplies.
Reducing Effluent Waste While Using Less Energy With CCD
A pesticide manufacturing plant in Gujarat, India produces up to 6,000 metric tons per year of various pesticides for agricultural use.
Aquatech Supplies Zero Liquid Discharge System In Puerto Rico Due To Environmental Regulations
AES Puerto Rico Cogeneration Plant (AESPR) is a cogeneration power plant that produces 454 MW of net electricity in its fluidized bed boiler plant in Guayama, which is sold to the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA).
Aquatech Supplies Zero Liquid Discharge For A 660 MW Gas Power Plant
In December 2010, the Colusa Generating Station, a 660-megawatt power plant located near the town of Maxwell in Colusa County began commercial operation. This facility incorporates the latest technology and environmental design to reduce emissions and dramatically lower water usage compared to conventional natural gas power plants.
Grundfos Dosing Pumps Play Important Role In Indian Desalination Plant In Minjur, a town in Thiruvallur district of Chennai in India, will soon be able to overcome a hurdle facing many growing urban areas: an adequate supply of drinking water.
Seawater Desalination At Rabigh Refinery Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. By Aquatech International Corporation
Case Study: Seawater Desalination At Rabigh Refinery Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. By Aquatech International Corporation
Water Reuse Strategies: Steel Industry Case Studies Successful reuse of water back into industrial water applications requires a comprehensive understanding of process design, water chemistry, membrane systems, chemical treatment, instrumentation and control. By David Christophersen, Technical Support Manager, Crown Solutions
Case Study: Steel Processor Wastewater Recycle
The reuse of industrial wastewater is becoming increasingly common because of water shortages, environmental necessities, economic incentives, government mandates, and societal desires. By David Christophersen, Technical Support Manager, Veolia Water Technologies
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Amiad Water Systems Leading supplier of automatic, self-cleaning filters, valves and accessories for municipal and industrial applications|Cost effective pre-filtration solution for membrane protection including surface water applications for RO, UV, UF and effluent water|Provide filtration degrees from 3 - 3500 microns and service any flow rate needed
Aquatech International Corporation For over 2 decades, Aquatech has provided industry worldwide with proven water and wastewater treatment systems|We strive to enable our customers to maximize efficiency by concentrating on their core businesses while we provide the leadership and expertise necessary in water treatment|Our mission is to utilize innovation and performance excellence to drive toward the ultimate goal--a lower overall life cycle cost of treatment
Filtronics has manufactured water and waste water treatment systems for industrial and municipal applications since 1974
PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
QUA® headquartered in USA, is a developer and manufacturer of leading-edge advanced membrane products used in the water, wastewater, and water reuse markets. Sold exclusively through a global network of qualified OEM's, QUA's product offering includes their innovative Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI®) stack, which has superior hardness tolerance compared to the other electro-deionization products on the market and their NSF Certified Q-SEP® Ultrafiltration (UF) membranes.
Severn Trent Services
Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges
Evoqua Water Technologies
Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.
Veolia Water Technologies
Veolia Water Technologies offers comprehensive water and wastewater solutions for industrial and municipal customers. With unique technologies and process expertise, Veolia specializes in engineering, design, and project management, construction and execution.
Leopold -- A Xylem Brand Leopold Universal Type S and SL Underdrain|Leopold IMS Cap|Leopold DAF - Dissolved Air Flotation|Leopold Clari-Trac (CT2) Submerged Sludge Collector|Leopold Clari-Vac Floating Sludge Collector|Leopold Engineered Filter Media Products|Leopold Instruments And Controls| Leopold Ultrafiltration Membrane Systems
Desalination is the process of removing salt and other minerals from saline water. In regions of the world where water is scarce, such as Saudi Arabia, desalination is seen as a viable alternative to more traditional potable water treatment. Desalination has also been used to produce a reliable water supply in tourist destinations such as Aruba. Desalination has also been gaining traction in areas of rapid population growth such as Singapore and Beijing.
Traditionally, desalination plants have been expensive in comparison to traditional drinking water plants due to the upfront financing costs, treated water transportation costs and ongoing energy and concentrate disposal costs. However, as technical innovation brings the energy cost of desalination down and populations continue to migrate to warm, arid climates such as Phoenix, AZ, desalination is starting to catch on as a viable alternative.
All desalination processes involve three liquid streams. The first stream is the saline feed water which is also called brackish water or seawater. The second stream is the low-salinity product or finished, treated water. The third stream is the byproduct of the desalination process, the very saline concentrate brine or reject water.
The primary desalination process being used commercially for drinking water treatment is reverse osmosis, where a semi-permeable membrane is used to separate the salt and other minerals from the pure water. A reverse osmosis desalination system consists of four major processes. During the pretreatment phase, the incoming brackish or seawater is pretreated to adjust its pH, remove suspended solids, and control scaling to avoid fouling the membranes.
During the second phase, pumps raise the pressure of the pretreated feed water to create the correct pressure differential between the pressurized feed water and the product water to move the permeate through the membrane. The pressurization phase is followed by the separation phase, creating a freshwater product stream and a concentrated brine reject stream. Two of the most popular reverse osmosis membranes used during this phase are the spiral wound and hollow fine fiber membranes.
The final phase of the desalination process is the stabilization phase that often requires a pH adjustment and degasification before being transferred into the drinking water distribution system.