DESALINATION CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Water Supply Needs At Odds With Regional Demands To Lower Power Use

The shoreline of the Red Sea is a dazzling destination for tourists and locals to experience the beach and enjoy marine activities. In Egypt, the shoreline sprawls from the Suez Canal in the north, down to the southern part of the country bordering Sudan.

Case Study: Steel Processor Wastewater Recycle

The reuse of industrial wastewater is becoming increasingly common because of water shortages, environmental necessities, economic incentives, government mandates, and societal desires. By David Christophersen, Technical Support Manager, Veolia Water Technologies

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DESALINATION PRODUCTS

WATER<I>TRAK</i>&trade; Sea Water Reverse Osmosis

WATERTRAK™ Sea Water Reverse Osmosis

WATERTRAK Sea Water Reverse Osmosis system uses spiral wound polyamide membrane technology to treat sea water up to 46,000 ppm TDS. The SWRO features state of the art energy recovery and can easily be integrated into a two pass or larger system.

<B>Water & Wastewater Treatment Products</b>

Water & Wastewater Treatment Products

Aquatech's wide range of water treatment technologies makes us one of the only companies in the world that can take single point responsibility on an industrial water treatment project.

WATER<I>TRAK</i>&trade; Electrodeionization

WATERTRAK™ Electrodeionization

Electrodeionization (EDI) is a membrane process that removes ions from the water to produce ultra pure water. EDI is comprised of ion exchange resin and membranes.
Wastewater Recycle/Water Reuse

Wastewater Recycle/Water Reuse

Aquatech provides wastewater recycle/water reuse systems that incorporate their experience with many technologies associated with wastewater treatment associated with industrial applications.

Grundfos Booster Module Systems

Grundfos Booster Module Systems

The BMS range is a new range of booster modules for reverse osmosis and ultra-filtration applications that improve efficiency with a directly coupled pump powered by a permanent magnet motor and VFD.

Filtration: Heavy Suspended Solids Filtration - Electromedia® III

Filtration: Heavy Suspended Solids Filtration - Electromedia® III

Electromedia III removes heavy suspended solids from water having up to 200 p.p.m. contaminants
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DESALINATION PODCASTS

Radial Deionization—A 'Game Changer' For Water Recovery

Radial Deionization—A 'Game Changer' For Water Recovery

Atlantis Technologies has developed a new desalination device, and it might just be a game changer.

What Is Closed Circuit Desalination?

What Is Closed Circuit Desalination?

Closed circuit desalination (CCD) is the trade name for a new change in the reverse osmosis (RO) process, explains Rick Stover, Executive Vice President of Desalitech, in an interview with Water Online Radio.

The Future Of Water: Reuse, Energy-Efficient Technologies On The Horizon

The Future Of Water: Reuse, Energy-Efficient Technologies On The Horizon

The U.S. should be paying attention to innovation happening in the water space worldwide, says Ryan Spanton of WesTech, in an interview with Water Online Radio.

Energy-Saving Desalination Technology

Energy-Saving Desalination Technology

As water resources dwindle, more and more focus turns to desalination technologies. In this interview with Water Online Radio, Harland Pond and Thomas Morrison of Grundfos talk about the company’s commitment to innovation and their quest to solve the world’s water problems.

Closed Circuit Desalination Simplifies Reverse Osmosis To Drive Down Energy Costs

Closed Circuit Desalination Simplifies Reverse Osmosis To Drive Down Energy Costs

As industry, agriculture and residential consumers compete for available freshwater sources, desalination continues to evolve as a viable process for increasing the available water pool. Industrial water is perhaps most critical as it accounts for as much as sixty percent of the freshwater being withdrawn in the United States today. Rising wastewater disposal costs, sustainability initiatives, and higher water efficiency standards are all fueling interest from industry in onsite brackish water reuse. However, municipal interest in water-stressed areas of the world is also on the rise.

Low-Cost Desalination — The Promise Of Forward Osmosis

Low-Cost Desalination — The Promise Of Forward Osmosis

Utilizing low-pressure, low-energy membrane technology, Oasys Water is setting out to change the way people think about desalination. Lisa Marchewka, VP of strategy and marketing for Oasys, explains how forward osmosis is more energy- and cost-efficient than competing technologies.

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DESALINATION VIDEOS

Smartrack Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Water Treatment System: Video

Smartrack Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Water Treatment System: Video

Degremont's Smartrack Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Water Treatment System is a universal rack with interchangeable MF/UF membranes. It's capable of handling the 4 principal module supplier brands found on the market -- ASAHI, DOW, GE, TORAY -- and inter-piping to allow switching the filtrate/concentrate exits.

From Toilet To Tap Water

Alex and the crew travel to Saudi Arabia and talk to Noura Shehab, a Ph.D. student at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), about her research to use microbes to power sea water desalination.

Drought & Water Technology

Drought & Water Technology

Find out how Desalitech’s ReFlex Reverse Osmosis technology is enabling cost-efficient in-land water purification. This technology is helping farms in dry and drought-stricken areas turn brackish water into a new water resource.

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DESALINATION SUPPLIERS

  • Amiad Water Systems
    Amiad Water Systems Leading supplier of automatic, self-cleaning filters, valves and accessories for municipal and industrial applications|Cost effective pre-filtration solution for membrane protection including surface water applications for RO, UV, UF and effluent water|Provide filtration degrees from 3 - 3500 microns and service any flow rate needed
  • Aquatech International Corporation
    Aquatech International Corporation For over 2 decades, Aquatech has provided industry worldwide with proven water and wastewater treatment systems|We strive to enable our customers to maximize efficiency by concentrating on their core businesses while we provide the leadership and expertise necessary in water treatment|Our mission is to utilize innovation and performance excellence to drive toward the ultimate goal--a lower overall life cycle cost of treatment
  • Filtronics, Inc.
    Filtronics, Inc.

    Filtronics has manufactured water and waste water treatment systems for industrial and municipal applications since 1974

  • PEPCON Systems
    PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
  • QUA Group
    QUA Group

    QUA® headquartered in USA, is a developer and manufacturer of leading-edge advanced membrane products used in the water, wastewater, and water reuse markets. Sold exclusively through a global network of qualified OEM's, QUA's product offering includes their innovative Fractional Electrodeionization (FEDI®) stack, which has superior hardness tolerance compared to the other electro-deionization products on the market and their NSF Certified Q-SEP® Ultrafiltration (UF) membranes.

  • Severn Trent Services
    Severn Trent Services

    Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • Evoqua Water Technologies
    Evoqua Water Technologies

    Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.

  • Veolia Water Technologies
    Veolia Water Technologies

    Veolia Water Technologies offers comprehensive water and wastewater solutions for industrial and municipal customers. With unique technologies and process expertise, Veolia specializes in engineering, design, and project management, construction and execution.

  • Leopold -- A Xylem Brand
    Leopold -- A Xylem Brand

    Leopold Universal Type S and SL Underdrain|Leopold IMS Cap|Leopold DAF - Dissolved Air Flotation|Leopold Clari-Trac (CT2) Submerged Sludge Collector|Leopold Clari-Vac Floating Sludge Collector|Leopold Engineered Filter Media Products|Leopold Instruments And Controls| Leopold Ultrafiltration Membrane Systems

ABOUT DESALINATION

 

Desalination is the process of removing salt and other minerals from saline water. In regions of the world where water is scarce, such as Saudi Arabia, desalination is seen as a viable alternative to more traditional potable water treatment. Desalination has also been used to produce a reliable water supply in tourist destinations such as Aruba. Desalination has also been gaining traction in areas of rapid population growth such as Singapore and Beijing.

Traditionally, desalination plants have been expensive in comparison to traditional drinking water plants due to the upfront financing costs, treated water transportation costs and ongoing energy and concentrate disposal costs. However, as technical innovation brings the energy cost of desalination down and populations continue to migrate to warm, arid climates such as Phoenix, AZ, desalination is starting to catch on as a viable alternative.

All desalination processes involve three liquid streams. The first stream is the saline feed water which is also called brackish water or seawater. The second stream is the low-salinity product or finished, treated water. The third stream is the byproduct of the desalination process, the very saline concentrate brine or reject water.

The primary desalination process being used commercially for drinking water treatment is reverse osmosis, where a semi-permeable membrane is used to separate the salt and other minerals from the pure water. A reverse osmosis desalination system consists of four major processes. During the pretreatment phase, the incoming brackish or seawater is pretreated to adjust its pH, remove suspended solids, and control scaling to avoid fouling the membranes.

During the second phase, pumps raise the pressure of the pretreated feed water to create the correct pressure differential between the pressurized feed water and the product water to move the permeate through the membrane. The pressurization phase is followed by the separation phase, creating a freshwater product stream and a concentrated brine reject stream. Two of the most popular reverse osmosis membranes used during this phase are the spiral wound and hollow fine fiber membranes.

The final phase of the desalination process is the stabilization phase that often requires a pH adjustment and degasification before being transferred into the drinking water distribution system.