DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION
CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS
New York City is home to more than 8 million people, making it the most populous city in the United States. The majority of New York's drinking water is supplied by the Catskill/Delaware watershed, located approximately 100 miles outside the city. Historically, NYC has not filtered the water from this system, nor did they require any additional barriers to microbial contaminants due to the pristine nature of the watershed.
Replacement Of Gas Chlorination System: City Takes Advantage Of Special NaOCl Dosing Unit
Operations management for a municipal direct water filtration plant reports achievement of a reliable and cost-effective change in chlorination systems that has continued to provide for effective disinfection, while better meeting safety and efficiency criteria. By Cliff Lebowitz
Top 10 Considerations When Converting To On-Site Hypochlorite
Transporting pure salt - the raw material needed to generate sodium hypochlorite onsite – is more cost effective, stable, and safer, than transporting and storing bulk sodium hypochlorite, or gaseous/liquid chlorine cylinders from local chemical suppliers. The conversion to on-site hypochlorite generation can be achieved by adhering to these design guidelines.
Customized Calcium Hypochlorite System Steps Up To The Challenge
Rainbow Water District has 2,400 service connections serving approximately 6,400 customers in the unincorporated portion of Springfield, OR. The district, approximately 100 miles south of Portland, is served by excellent quality groundwater from 10 wells at four well fields near the McKenzie River.
UV Disinfection In The Developing World
Clean water is essential for life. Nearly one billion people around the world lack access to safe water and approximately 3.5 million deaths each year are linked to waterrelated diseases. By Real Tech
Hydro-Guard Advanced Flushing System Simplifies Operations, Increases Water Quality And Saves Treatment Expenses
Birmingham Water Works Board (BWWB), Birmingham, Alabama has consistently achieved the rating of the number five water system in the United States for water quality. BWWB’s potable water distribution system (WDS) serves 600,000 people with a daily average use of 100 million gallons (378 million liters) of water, received from nearby lakes and rivers. The system includes 51 water storage tanks, nearly 4,000 miles (6,437 km) of pipe, over 13,000 fire hydrants and over 200,000 service connections.
UV Eliminates Cryptosporidium Issues In The Heartland
The City of Moline is now adding validated UV systems to provide an additional barrier for the filtered water, which will improve water quality and ensure that none of the chlorine tolerant organisms such as Cryptosporidium is present. The City of Moline is located in the heart of the Midwest, tucked between the banks of the Mississippi and Rock River in Rock Island. Moline is one of four cities that make up the Quad Cities that include Rock Island, Illinois and Bettendorf and Davenport Iowa.
Genuine TrojanUV3000Plus Lamps Vs. Non-Genuine Lamps: A Side-By-Side Comparison (Case Study)
Perform Lamp Output And Aging Study On Trojan UV3000™ Lamps And Non-Genuine G64T5 Low Pressure UV Lamps
A Rosemount Chlorine Analyzer Proves Just The Job For Seawater Duty At Dow's Terneuzen Site
The Dow Benelux site in Terneuzen, the Netherlands, uses seawater for process cooling. Environmental regulations require careful control of the concentration of chlorine added to control microbial fouling. The existing chlorine measurement system had become outdated, so after stringent tests Dow decided to replace it with a Rosemount Analytical Model TCL analyzer from Emerson Process Management. By Emerson Process Management, Rosemount Analytical
An Alternative Mathematical Model For Oxygen Transfer Evaluation In Clean Water
Energy consumption from aeration system is a biggest part of the total energy cost in wastewater treatment plant and account for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Therefore, it is very important to know how effective the aeration system and significant attention has been paid to development and upgrade of standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer efficiency of the aeration system. By Yanjun (John) He, PE, BCEE, Kruger Inc.
OSG- On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) For Drinking Water Applications
Drinking water treatment plants use various forms of chlorine to inactivate pathogens, oxidize metals or metalloids and provide disinfection residual for distribution systems. By Glen Smith, PEPCON Systems
Meeting WHO Standards For Cryptosporidium With UV In Singapore
Johor River Waterworks (JRWW) is located in Kotta Tinggi, Malaysia approximately 60 km north of Singapore. Under a water agreement with the Malaysian government, the Singapore government signed a 50 year agreement with the Public Utilities Board (PUB) to build, upgrade and operate the plant on the Johor River until the year 2050. Plants A and B were built between 1986 and 1999 and Plant C was constructed in 2001. With a combined capacity of 946 million liters per day (250 US MGD), the treated water is piped to Singapore and provides about 40% of the water for a population of 5.3 million people.
High-Power UV Lamps Lower Replacement Costs, Reduce Maintenance
The Tesla Water Treatment Facility is located in Tracy California approximately 60 miles west of San Francisco in the Central Valley of California. Since 1934, San Francisco has received water from the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir in Yosemite National Park via the 167 mile long Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct. Due to the pristine nature of the water source, the water is unfiltered and was only chlorinated at the 75 year old Tesla Portal facility.
The Hall Road Well Station — located in Abington, Pennsylvania — is designed to extract and treat 1.5 million gallons per day (MGD) of water from the Piedmont and Blue Ridge crystalline-rock aquifers. It is part of a network of groundwater extraction wells owned and operated by Aqua-America Pennsylvania (Aqua PA). Aqua PA determined that UV technology was the best approach for meeting the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection regulations for 4-log virus treatment of groundwater. This case study will show you why they chose the TrojanUVSwift™SC.
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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION SUPPLIERS
Arch Chemicals, Inc.
Lonza Microbial Control produces the new generation Constant Chlor® Plus calcium hypochlorite briquette feed systems that provide increased capacity and accuracy that exceeds its first generation system, plus new capabilities and features that further enhance operation, maintenance and safety.
Calgon Carbon Corporation
Calgon Carbon Corporation (NYSE:CCC), and its European operation Chemviron Carbon, is a global manufacturer and supplier of granular activated carbon, innovative treatment systems, value added technologies and services for optimizing production processes and safely purifying the environment
JCS Industries Inc.
JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.
Liqui-Cel® Membrane Contactors are used for degassing liquids. They are most commonly used for O2 removal from water and CO2 removal from water, but they are also capable of controlling a variety of other dissolved gasses as well, such as Nitrogen.
With a history of scientific innovation, MIOX Corporation began manufacturing on-site generators in 1994. Now with more than 1,700 installations in hundreds of U.S. communities and over 30 countries, MIOX is employed in many markets and applications including potable water, wastewater and reuse, commercial swimming pools, on board military and cruise ships, cooling towers, the beverage industry, oil and gas water treatment, and other commercial and industrial applications.
PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
Pinnacle Ozone is the manufacturer and world class integrator of rugged & compact, energy efficient industrial ozone systems. Our Pinnacle systems are used in a diverse array of industrial, commercial and municipal water application areas where treatment requires compact size, system mobility, high efficiency, wide operational pressure, and complex system integration solutions and services.
Severn Trent Services
Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges
TrojanUV specializes in the design, manufacture and sale of pressurized and open-channel ultraviolet (UV) disinfection systems for municipal wastewater, municipal drinking water and environmental contaminant treatment applications. We are proud to have the largest installed base of UV systems in the world and are committed to reducing water stress and maximizing this invaluable resource for current and future generations.
WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand
Using processes that are both future-oriented and ecologically harmless, WEDECO products are committed to improving the foundations on which we live, on a global scale. As a company committed to healthcare, we consider it our duty to create health provisions, especially in the area of water disinfection. The broad outline of our business is to realize the best possible solution for mankind and the environment, and the most economic solution for our clients.
UV Pure Technologies
UV Pure® Technologies develops and manufactures technically advanced UV water purification systems. Since 1998, over 12,000 UV Pure systems have been installed in residential, commercial, industrial, public and municipal applications treating wastewater, reuse water, rainwater, and drinking water. The company’s Crossfire Technology is dramatically advantaged compared to conventional ultraviolet systems. UV Pure Systems are self-cleaning, and smart - with multiple sensors and on-board diagnostics. They are engineered to be fail-safe and virtually maintenance-free. Lamps are mounted in air surrounded by elliptical reflectors providing more effective deactivation of pathogens, incorporating easy lamp changes and visual quartz inspection. Remote monitoring is available.
ABOUT DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION
Water disinfection is the process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water. It is also the elimination, deactivation or killing of pathogenic microorganisms.
Methods used include physical processes such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation, biological processes such as slow sand filters or activated sludge, chemical processes such as flocculation and chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.
Ozonators produce small quantities of ozone which is a strong oxidizing agent that kills pathogens over a short period of time.