CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

Generating Disinfectants From Water: Could In Situ Electrolytic Production Be The Future?

Chemical disinfection using strong oxidants involves the transportation, storage, and handling of unstable and/or aggressive and hazardous chemicals. The production of oxidants at the location where they are to be used has therefore been a preferred option, especially in small-scale or remote installations. On-site electrolysis of NaCl for the local production of chlorine or hypochlorite, or the production of ozone-enriched oxygen by silent discharge has been standard for years.  However, it is possible to take the idea of producing chemical disinfectants locally a step further and look at in situ techniques, i.e. at devices, which produce oxidants in and from the water to be treated. By Dr. Samuel Stucki, Scientific Consultant to Innovatec Gerätetechnik GmbH,Germany

  • Engineering For Safe Chlorine Disinfection
    Engineering For Safe Chlorine Disinfection

    For more than 75 years chlorine has been effectively used to disinfect drinking water, eliminating dangerous bacteria and toxic compounds. Water supply engineers and treatment facility operators are used to necessary risks and problems associated with chlorine disinfection in order to deliver safe water. By Harland R. Pond, Product Manager; Grundfos

  • An Alternative Mathematical Model For Oxygen Transfer Evaluation In Clean Water
    An Alternative Mathematical Model For Oxygen Transfer Evaluation In Clean Water

    Energy consumption from aeration system is a biggest part of the total energy cost in wastewater treatment plant and account for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Therefore, it is very important to know how effective the aeration system and significant attention has been paid to development and upgrade of standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer efficiency of the aeration system. By Yanjun (John) He, PE, BCEE, Kruger Inc.

  • Water Plant Applies Colorimetric Chlorine Analyzer To Accurately Measure Proper Chloramination
    Water Plant Applies Colorimetric Chlorine Analyzer To Accurately Measure Proper Chloramination

    The North Shore Water Commission located in Glendale Wisconsin is a conventional water treatment facility that receives its influent from Lake Michigan. At the intake, chemical treatment is applied for mussel control and the water is pumped to the treatment plant 1 mile away. By Kevin Forsman

  • Genuine TrojanUV3000Plus Lamps Vs. Non-Genuine Lamps: A Side-By-Side Comparison (Case Study)
    Genuine TrojanUV3000Plus Lamps Vs. Non-Genuine Lamps: A Side-By-Side Comparison (Case Study)

    Perform Lamp Output And Aging Study On Trojan UV3000™ Lamps And Non-Genuine G64T5 Low Pressure UV Lamps

  • Rainwater For Reuse As Drinking Water
    Rainwater For Reuse As Drinking Water

    When McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario built their new Engineering Technology Building, they used the latest state-of-the-art technology not only to achieve LEED Gold certification, but also to create a living laboratory to train students on the building systems of the future.

  • On-Site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety At British Columbia Water Treatment Facility
    On-Site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety At British Columbia Water Treatment Facility

    Constructed in 1997, the District of Chetwynd Water Treatment Plant (British Columbia, Canada) treats nearly 2,500 cubic meters of water per day using gas chlorination as its primary form of drinking water disinfection

  • Drinking Water Disinfection: Tianjin, China (Case Study)
    Drinking Water Disinfection: Tianjin, China (Case Study)

    Favorable reviews of UV technology in wastewater applications influenced Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA) Water Supply General Company to investigate the potential of using UV for drinking water applications at one of its water treatment plants. With no previous UV installations for drinking water disinfection in the country, TEDA's process of selecting a UV manufacturer was stringent. We are honored that they chose us and our TrojanUVSwift™ system.

  • Disinfection Performance Testing Of High-Efficiency Ultraviolet Water Treatment Chamber
    Disinfection Performance Testing Of High-Efficiency Ultraviolet Water Treatment Chamber

    This is the second in a series of three white papers describing the design and performance of the NeoTech Aqua ReFlex™ treatment chamber. The first describes in detail the theoretical basis for the very high efficiency demonstrated by the chamber. The third paper describes how this chamber design leads to some highly desirable operational advantages beyond just energy ad cost reduction. By J. R. Cooper, Ph. D. and Gwynne Cavender, NeoTech Aqua Solutions, Inc.

  • No Wizardry In ‘Emerald City’s’ Dramatic Water Quality Improvement
    No Wizardry In ‘Emerald City’s’ Dramatic Water Quality Improvement

    With the installation of a new disinfection system featuring on-site sodium hypochlorite generation, a water treatment plant improved water quality and significantly reduced total trihalomethanes and haloacetic acid levels. By Ali Giti

  • GAC Solution For Ohio's Most Challenging Water
    GAC Solution For Ohio's Most Challenging Water

    Over the course of many years the City of Celina, Ohio has been challenged with supplying drinking water to the 11,647 residents of the city and the East Jefferson District.

  • Guaynabo WTP In Puerto Rico Saves Thousands With UV 254 Monitoring Package
    Guaynabo WTP In Puerto Rico Saves Thousands With UV 254 Monitoring Package

    Dealing with fluctuating water sources is not an easy task for plant operators. Seasonal variation, heavy rain fall or accidental contamination events change the raw water quality, requiring immediate attention. This is a familiar scenario for Facility Manager, Nancy Ma. Cáceres Acosta at the Los Filtros Water Treatment Plant in Puerto Rico. She has been producing highquality water for 256,000 local residents, receiving surface water from the Guaynabo and Bayamon River

  • General Electrochemistry
    General Electrochemistry

    All chemical processes involve the loss, gain, or redistribution of electrons on an atom or group of atoms. Electricity is the movement of electrons along a conductor. It is no wonder then that chemical changes can be made to occur by passing an electric current through a solution containing atoms or groups of atoms which will accept or give up electrons. Processes which pass an electrical current through a solution to effect chemical changes are called electrochemical processes. By PEPCON Systems

Treatment Of Cyanotoxins In Drinking Water With Activated Carbon

Recently, cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins have become a high profile drinking water quality concern in both the United States and abroad. The combination of weather conditions, agricultural phosphate runoff, and other factors has produced water conditions that have favored the formation of cyanobacteria in surface water supplies.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION PRODUCTS

ACTIFLO® CARB

ACTIFLO® CARB

The ACTIFLO® CARB process can improve TOC removal rates by as much as 50% (when compared to clarification alone) for disinfection by-products (THM/HAA5) and pesticides compliance.

TrojanUVTorrent – Drinking Water Disinfection System

TrojanUVTorrent – Drinking Water Disinfection System

Reducing maintenance requirements and costs while incorporating the most efficient technologies available, the TrojanUVTorrent™ leads the way for large-scale drinking water disinfection.

WEDECO Spektron e UV Series By Xylem

WEDECO Spektron e UV Series By Xylem

The WEDECO Spektron series shines new light on the environmentally friendly process of using UV disinfection for drinking water. Featuring highly efficient ECORAY® UV lamp technology and advanced flow distribution, the Spektron series suits modern drinking water treatment plants, regardless of local pipe conditions, energy costs or local legal requirements.

Vaccuperm Chlorine Disinfection Systems

Vaccuperm Chlorine Disinfection Systems

Measure & control your chlorine gas dosing with absolute dependability – our full vacuum systems ensure process reliability.
NeoTech CU-4 X™

NeoTech CU-4 X™

The NeoTech CU4-X™ UV Water Treatment Control Interface is a remote and compact master controller capable of managing up to four NeoTech ultraviolet water treatment chambers independently and simultaneously.

Disinfection

Disinfection

Calgon Carbon's C3 series of open channel ultraviolet disinfection products use the most powerful lamps in the business and the most up-to-date design resulting in a small footprint and efficient operation
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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION PODCASTS

UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection

UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection

Dan Shaver, Business Development Manager at Aquionics, talks about the advantages of UV-LED technology for disinfection: low energy requirements, chemical-free and customizable design, and proficiency in solar or battery-powered applications.

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

Conventional ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is a great, but often expensive, solution for the destruction of pathogens in drinking water. All those lamps and power emissions add up. But what if you could perform the same job with 1/10 of the power used by conventional systems?

The Value Of Wastewater: Closed Vessel UV Disinfection For Water Reuse

The Value Of Wastewater: Closed Vessel UV Disinfection For Water Reuse

Jon McClean, President of Engineered Treatment Systems (ETS), explains how UV disinfection of wastewater provides an effective and sustainable solution to growing water shortages.

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Rich Cavagnaro, President of AdEdge Water Technologies, and Tom Carmody, President of TC Tech LLC, share how their companies have partnered to successfully grow business in the advanced water treatment technology space.

Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle

Advanced Water Treatment Solutions To Solve The Modern Treatment Puzzle

Advanced treatment solutions continue to evolve as 1,4-Dioxin, N-Nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) removal and Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) appear on the regulatory horizon. Many times, advanced treatment requires combinations of different products in the treatment process.

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Jim Knepper, Vice President of Sales for Jacobi Carbons, discusses the growth of the Company and the advantages of coconut shell activated carbon in complying with the EPA’s disinfection byproduct phase II ruling.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION VIDEOS

MIOX Flowback Water Disinfection For Recycle

MIOX Flowback Water Disinfection For Recycle

Watch as MIOX’s patented mixed oxidant technology dramatically changes, and treats hydraulic fracturing flowback water on-the-fly. MIOX’s water treatment solution has a small footprint, and utilizes only salt and electricity which helps provide low treatment costs.

TrojanUVTorrent™ Drinking Water UV Disinfection System (Video)

TrojanUVTorrent™ Drinking Water UV Disinfection System (Video)

The TrojanUVTorrent™ is the solution for large-scale drinking water facilities in need of revolutionary UV disinfection technology.

Severn Trent Services Expands Capabilities For Disinfection, Nutrient Removal, And Filtration

Severn Trent Services Expands Capabilities For Disinfection, Nutrient Removal, And Filtration

Water Online’s Ron Grunsby interviews John Dyson of Severn Trent Services to uncover the latest innovations and developments from the company, including the product line on display at WEFTEC 2012.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION SUPPLIERS

  • Arch Chemicals, Inc.
    Arch Chemicals, Inc.

    Lonza Microbial Control produces the new generation Constant Chlor® Plus calcium hypochlorite briquette feed systems that provide increased capacity and accuracy that exceeds its first generation system, plus new capabilities and features that further enhance operation, maintenance and safety.

  • Calgon Carbon Corporation
    Calgon Carbon Corporation

    Calgon Carbon Corporation (NYSE:CCC), and its European operation Chemviron Carbon, is a global manufacturer and supplier of granular activated carbon, innovative treatment systems, value added technologies and services for optimizing production processes and safely purifying the environment

  • JCS Industries Inc.
    JCS Industries Inc.

    JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.

  • Membrana
    Membrana

    Liqui-Cel® Membrane Contactors are used for degassing liquids. They are most commonly used for O2 removal from water and CO2 removal from water, but they are also capable of controlling a variety of other dissolved gasses as well, such as Nitrogen.

  • MIOX Corporation
    MIOX Corporation

    With a history of scientific innovation, MIOX Corporation began manufacturing on-site generators in 1994. Now with more than 1,700 installations in hundreds of U.S. communities and over 30 countries, MIOX is employed in many markets and applications including potable water, wastewater and reuse, commercial swimming pools, on board military and cruise ships, cooling towers, the beverage industry, oil and gas water treatment, and other commercial and industrial applications.

  • PEPCON Systems
    PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
  • Pinnacle Ozone
    Pinnacle Ozone

    Pinnacle Ozone is the manufacturer and world class integrator of rugged & compact, energy efficient industrial ozone systems. Our Pinnacle systems are used in a diverse array of industrial, commercial and municipal water application areas where treatment requires compact size, system mobility, high efficiency, wide operational pressure, and complex system integration solutions and services.

  • Severn Trent Services
    Severn Trent Services

    Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • TrojanUV
    TrojanUV

    TrojanUV specializes in the design, manufacture and sale of pressurized and open-channel ultraviolet (UV) disinfection systems for municipal wastewater, municipal drinking water and environmental contaminant treatment applications. We are proud to have the largest installed base of UV systems in the world and are committed to reducing water stress and maximizing this invaluable resource for current and future generations.

  • WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand
    WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand

    Using processes that are both future-oriented and ecologically harmless, WEDECO products are committed to improving the foundations on which we live, on a global scale. As a company committed to healthcare, we consider it our duty to create health provisions, especially in the area of water disinfection. The broad outline of our business is to realize the best possible solution for mankind and the environment, and the most economic solution for our clients.

  • UV Pure Technologies
    UV Pure Technologies

    UV Pure® Technologies develops and manufactures technically advanced UV water purification systems. Since 1998, over 12,000 UV Pure systems have been installed in residential, commercial, industrial, public and municipal applications treating wastewater, reuse water, rainwater, and drinking water. The company’s Crossfire Technology is dramatically advantaged compared to conventional ultraviolet systems. UV Pure Systems are self-cleaning, and smart - with multiple sensors and on-board diagnostics. They are engineered to be fail-safe and virtually maintenance-free. Lamps are mounted in air surrounded by elliptical reflectors providing more effective deactivation of pathogens, incorporating easy lamp changes and visual quartz inspection. Remote monitoring is available.

ABOUT DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION

WATER DISINFECTION

Water disinfection is the process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water. It is also the elimination, deactivation or killing of pathogenic microorganisms.

Methods used include physical processes such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation, biological processes such as slow sand filters or activated sludge, chemical processes such as flocculation and chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.

Ozonators produce small quantities of ozone which is a strong oxidizing agent that kills pathogens over a short period of time.