CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

ORP Based Measurement Of Oxidizing Disinfectants In Aqueous Solutions

Oxidizing antimicrobials, such as chlorine, are common disinfectants used to treat water. Test strips, DPD kits, and colorimeters are currently the most popular methods for determining the relative disinfecting power of oxidizing antimicrobial agents in these applications. By Myron L Company

  • Hydro-Guard Advanced Flushing System Simplifies Operations, Increases Water Quality And Saves Treatment Expenses
    Hydro-Guard Advanced Flushing System Simplifies Operations, Increases Water Quality And Saves Treatment Expenses

    Birmingham Water Works Board (BWWB), Birmingham, Alabama has consistently achieved the rating of the number five water system in the United States for water quality.  BWWB’s potable water distribution system (WDS) serves 600,000 people with a daily average use of 100 million gallons (378 million liters) of water, received from nearby lakes and rivers. The system includes 51 water storage tanks, nearly 4,000 miles (6,437 km) of pipe, over 13,000 fire hydrants and over 200,000 service connections.

  • Drinking Water Disinfection - Coquitlam Water Treatment Plant, British Columbia (Case Study)
    Drinking Water Disinfection - Coquitlam Water Treatment Plant, British Columbia (Case Study)

    In 2005, in response to changes to the Canadian Drinking Water Quality guidelines, the Greater Vancouver Water District Board approved a proposal to upgrade the Coquitlam WTP with UV disinfection technology to act as the primary means of disinfection.

  • High-Power UV Lamps Lower Replacement Costs, Reduce Maintenance
    High-Power UV Lamps Lower Replacement Costs, Reduce Maintenance

    The Tesla Water Treatment Facility is located in Tracy California approximately 60 miles west of San Francisco in the Central Valley of California. Since 1934, San Francisco has received water from the Hetch Hetchy Reservoir in Yosemite National Park via the 167 mile long Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct. Due to the pristine nature of the water source, the water is unfiltered and was only chlorinated at the 75 year old Tesla Portal facility.

  • Performance Of A Conventional Surface Water Plant Using Mixed-Oxidants For Microflocculation And Final Disinfection
    Performance Of A Conventional Surface Water Plant Using Mixed-Oxidants For Microflocculation And Final Disinfection

    The surface water source is from snow-melt and summer thunderstorm run-off from the mountains. This water is detained in McClure Reservoir (7876 ft elevation) and Nichols Reservoir (7483 ft elevation) upstream from the CRWTP, a conventional plant built in 1974 with a design capacity of 8 MGD. Because the City has limited surface water rights, and due to decreased demand, the treatment plant usually shuts down for 60 to 90 days during winter. The reservoirs thaw in spring and turn over in autumn, and during the summer rainy season, raw water turbidities may exceed 5 NTU. By MIOX Corporation

  • Disinfection Performance Testing Of High-Efficiency Ultraviolet Water Treatment Chamber
    Disinfection Performance Testing Of High-Efficiency Ultraviolet Water Treatment Chamber

    This is the second in a series of three white papers describing the design and performance of the NeoTech Aqua ReFlex™ treatment chamber. The first describes in detail the theoretical basis for the very high efficiency demonstrated by the chamber. The third paper describes how this chamber design leads to some highly desirable operational advantages beyond just energy ad cost reduction. By J. R. Cooper, Ph. D. and Gwynne Cavender, NeoTech Aqua Solutions, Inc.

  • Treatment Of Cyanotoxins In Drinking Water With Activated Carbon
    Treatment Of Cyanotoxins In Drinking Water With Activated Carbon

    Recently, cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins have become a high profile drinking water quality concern in both the United States and abroad. The combination of weather conditions, agricultural phosphate runoff, and other factors has produced water conditions that have favored the formation of cyanobacteria in surface water supplies.

  • UV Eliminates Cryptosporidium Issues In The Heartland
    UV Eliminates Cryptosporidium Issues In The Heartland

    The City of Moline is now adding validated UV systems to provide an additional barrier for the filtered water, which will improve water quality and ensure that none of the chlorine tolerant organisms such as Cryptosporidium is present. The City of Moline is located in the heart of the Midwest, tucked between the banks of the Mississippi and Rock River in Rock Island.  Moline is one of four cities that make up the Quad Cities that include Rock Island, Illinois and Bettendorf and Davenport Iowa.

  • Ion Exchange: A Viable Water Treatment Alternative To Membranes
    Ion Exchange: A Viable Water Treatment Alternative To Membranes

    Five decades ago, ion exchange using charged resins was one of two processes used in the water industry for water treatment.

  • 4-Log Virus Inactivation With UV Treatment
    4-Log Virus Inactivation With UV Treatment

    The Hall Road Well Station — located in Abington, Pennsylvania — is designed to extract and treat 1.5 million gallons per day (MGD) of water from the Piedmont and Blue Ridge crystalline-rock aquifers. It is part of a network of groundwater extraction wells owned and operated by Aqua-America Pennsylvania (Aqua PA). Aqua PA determined that UV technology was the best approach for meeting the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection regulations for 4-log virus treatment of groundwater. This case study will show you why they chose the TrojanUVSwift™SC.

  • The Basics Of Disinfection
    The Basics Of Disinfection

    From utility water to wastewater, whether used in industrial processes or for drinking, disinfection plays a prominent role in providing safe and useable water. Water free from pathogens and other microorganisms ensures processes run efficiently and people are kept safe from disease. By Harland R Pond, Business Development Manager – Water Treatment

  • On-Site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety At British Columbia Water Treatment Facility
    On-Site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety At British Columbia Water Treatment Facility

    Constructed in 1997, the District of Chetwynd Water Treatment Plant (British Columbia, Canada) treats nearly 2,500 cubic meters of water per day using gas chlorination as its primary form of drinking water disinfection

  • Case Study: Newport News Uses Emerson Ozone Instrumentation For Safe, Effective Disinfection
    Case Study: Newport News Uses Emerson Ozone Instrumentation For Safe, Effective Disinfection

    Maintaining the quality of the water supply is the top priority for municipal drinking water treatment plants across the country. Water plants use several treatment processes to ensure water quality and safety, and these treatment steps include disinfection. Traditionally, chlorine is used in both primary and secondary disinfection treatments and has been used since 1908. Some water plants are moving to ozone for primary disinfection. One water utility that is taking this direction is Newport News Waterworks. 

An Alternative Mathematical Model For Oxygen Transfer Evaluation In Clean Water

Energy consumption from aeration system is a biggest part of the total energy cost in wastewater treatment plant and account for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Therefore, it is very important to know how effective the aeration system and significant attention has been paid to development and upgrade of standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer efficiency of the aeration system. By Yanjun (John) He, PE, BCEE, Kruger Inc.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION PRODUCTS

Selcoperm Electrolytic Chlorination Systems

Selcoperm Electrolytic Chlorination Systems

The particular advantage of on-site generation of chlorine with a Selcoperm system from Grundfos is the fact that no significant unpleasant by-products are generated.
Barrier® M Ultraviolet Disinfection Systems

Barrier® M Ultraviolet Disinfection Systems

This UV water treatment system is easy to install and designed for drinking water purification, municipal pools, and water parks. Ultraviolet disinfection is an ideal alternative to chemical addition systems and can be used as a bolt in multi-barrier approach to your disinfection process.

ReFleX™ Efficiency

ReFleX™ Efficiency

For both disinfection and TOC-reduction applications, NeoTech Aqua Solutions’ patented ReFleX™ UV chamber technology represents the state-of-the-art in high-efficiency UV systems by reflecting over 99% of the UV we generate back into the water.

Model 4200-LC Automatic Gas Feeder Controller

Model 4200-LC Automatic Gas Feeder Controller

The JCS Industries Model 4200-LC Automatic Gas Feed Controller feeds gaseous chemicals commonly used for water and wastewater disinfection accurately, reliably and safely.
NeoTech D322™

NeoTech D322™

The NeoTech D322™ is specially designed to disinfect water and is an essential component in advanced oxidation processes.

Wallace & Tiernan® MFC Analyzers and Controllers for Accurate and Reliable Disinfection Measurements

Wallace & Tiernan® MFC Analyzers and Controllers for Accurate and Reliable Disinfection Measurements

Wallace & Tiernan® MFC Analyzers and Controllers from Evoqua are integral to chlorination systems and uniquely provide for the selection of up to four distinct disinfection measurements and the simultaneous control of two measures to maintain the desired level of disinfection and water quality.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION PODCASTS

Understanding The Benefits Of Chlorination

Understanding The Benefits Of Chlorination

Fletcher Roche, Product Manager at Evoqua Water Technologies, explains why chlorine gas is a safe and cost-effective disinfection solution.

Radium And Iron Removed From Radioactive Water To Solve Water Scarcity Crisis In Texas

Radium And Iron Removed From Radioactive Water To Solve Water Scarcity Crisis In Texas

Jim Jackson, National Sales Manager for Mazzei, discusses a San Angelo, TX project removing radium and iron from a radioactive water source to solve the city’s water scarcity problem.

Key Trends In Water And Wastewater Treatment: Non-Chemical Disinfection, Remote Management, And Urbanization

Key Trends In Water And Wastewater Treatment: Non-Chemical Disinfection, Remote Management, And Urbanization

Rick VanSant, President and CEO of UV Pure Technologies, explains some of the key trends currently shaping the water and wastewater market, including non-chemical disinfection, remote management, and urbanization.

Is UV Poised For Increased Adoption?

Is UV Poised For Increased Adoption?

Disinfection can be achieved through chlorine, membranes, ozonation, or UV (among others), but the latter may be best equipped to serve the changing water treatment market.

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Can’t Keep Up? Partner With A Manufacturers’ Rep To Sustain Growth

Rich Cavagnaro, President of AdEdge Water Technologies, and Tom Carmody, President of TC Tech LLC, share how their companies have partnered to successfully grow business in the advanced water treatment technology space.

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

The Evolution Of Low-Energy UV Disinfection

Conventional ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is a great, but often expensive, solution for the destruction of pathogens in drinking water. All those lamps and power emissions add up. But what if you could perform the same job with 1/10 of the power used by conventional systems?

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION VIDEOS

How To Install A UV Lamp

How To Install A UV Lamp

This video features a step-by-step demonstration of how to change out a used UV lamp and install a new one.

Brief Intro To On-Demand Disinfection Chemistry

Video introduction of how MIOX technology creates a powerful disinfectant from Salt, Power and Water. Disinfection generated on-site, on-demand. Systems are easy to maintain and offer the flexibility of producing either sodium hypochlorite or a mixed oxidant solution for more advanced customer needs. Safely achieve more effective and rapid inactivation of a wider range of microbes.

MIOX Flowback Water Disinfection For Recycle

MIOX Flowback Water Disinfection For Recycle

Watch as MIOX’s patented mixed oxidant technology dramatically changes, and treats hydraulic fracturing flowback water on-the-fly. MIOX’s water treatment solution has a small footprint, and utilizes only salt and electricity which helps provide low treatment costs.

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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION SUPPLIERS

  • Arch Chemicals, Inc.
    Arch Chemicals, Inc.

    Lonza Microbial Control produces the new generation Constant Chlor® Plus calcium hypochlorite briquette feed systems that provide increased capacity and accuracy that exceeds its first generation system, plus new capabilities and features that further enhance operation, maintenance and safety.

  • Calgon Carbon Corporation
    Calgon Carbon Corporation

    Calgon Carbon Corporation (NYSE:CCC), and its European operation Chemviron Carbon, is a global manufacturer and supplier of granular activated carbon, innovative treatment systems, value added technologies and services for optimizing production processes and safely purifying the environment

  • JCS Industries Inc.
    JCS Industries Inc.

    JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.

  • Membrana
    Membrana

    Liqui-Cel® Membrane Contactors are used for degassing liquids. They are most commonly used for O2 removal from water and CO2 removal from water, but they are also capable of controlling a variety of other dissolved gasses as well, such as Nitrogen.

  • MIOX Corporation
    MIOX Corporation

    With a history of scientific innovation, MIOX Corporation began manufacturing on-site generators in 1994. Now with more than 1,700 installations in hundreds of U.S. communities and over 30 countries, MIOX is employed in many markets and applications including potable water, wastewater and reuse, commercial swimming pools, on board military and cruise ships, cooling towers, the beverage industry, oil and gas water treatment, and other commercial and industrial applications.

  • PEPCON Systems
    PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
  • Pinnacle Ozone
    Pinnacle Ozone

    Pinnacle Ozone is the manufacturer and world class integrator of rugged & compact, energy efficient industrial ozone systems. Our Pinnacle systems are used in a diverse array of industrial, commercial and municipal water application areas where treatment requires compact size, system mobility, high efficiency, wide operational pressure, and complex system integration solutions and services.

  • Severn Trent Services
    Severn Trent Services

    Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges

  • TrojanUV
    TrojanUV

    TrojanUV specializes in the design, manufacture and sale of pressurized and open-channel ultraviolet (UV) disinfection systems for municipal wastewater, municipal drinking water and environmental contaminant treatment applications. We are proud to have the largest installed base of UV systems in the world and are committed to reducing water stress and maximizing this invaluable resource for current and future generations.

  • WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand
    WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand

    Using processes that are both future-oriented and ecologically harmless, WEDECO products are committed to improving the foundations on which we live, on a global scale. As a company committed to healthcare, we consider it our duty to create health provisions, especially in the area of water disinfection. The broad outline of our business is to realize the best possible solution for mankind and the environment, and the most economic solution for our clients.

  • UV Pure Technologies
    UV Pure Technologies

    UV Pure® Technologies develops and manufactures technically advanced UV water purification systems. Since 1998, over 12,000 UV Pure systems have been installed in residential, commercial, industrial, public and municipal applications treating wastewater, reuse water, rainwater, and drinking water. The company’s Crossfire Technology is dramatically advantaged compared to conventional ultraviolet systems. UV Pure Systems are self-cleaning, and smart - with multiple sensors and on-board diagnostics. They are engineered to be fail-safe and virtually maintenance-free. Lamps are mounted in air surrounded by elliptical reflectors providing more effective deactivation of pathogens, incorporating easy lamp changes and visual quartz inspection. Remote monitoring is available.

ABOUT DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION

WATER DISINFECTION

Water disinfection is the process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water. It is also the elimination, deactivation or killing of pathogenic microorganisms.

Methods used include physical processes such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation, biological processes such as slow sand filters or activated sludge, chemical processes such as flocculation and chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.

Ozonators produce small quantities of ozone which is a strong oxidizing agent that kills pathogens over a short period of time.