CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS
Chemical disinfection using strong oxidants involves the transportation, storage, and handling of unstable and/or aggressive and hazardous chemicals. The production of oxidants at the location where they are to be used has therefore been a preferred option, especially in small-scale or remote installations. On-site electrolysis of NaCl for the local production of chlorine or hypochlorite, or the production of ozone-enriched oxygen by silent discharge has been standard for years. However, it is possible to take the idea of producing chemical disinfectants locally a step further and look at in situ techniques, i.e. at devices, which produce oxidants in and from the water to be treated. By Dr. Samuel Stucki, Scientific Consultant to Innovatec Gerätetechnik GmbH,Germany
Engineering For Safe Chlorine Disinfection
For more than 75 years chlorine has been effectively used to disinfect drinking water, eliminating dangerous bacteria and toxic compounds. Water supply engineers and treatment facility operators are used to necessary risks and problems associated with chlorine disinfection in order to deliver safe water. By Harland R. Pond, Product Manager; Grundfos
An Alternative Mathematical Model For Oxygen Transfer Evaluation In Clean Water
Energy consumption from aeration system is a biggest part of the total energy cost in wastewater treatment plant and account for as much as 60% of the energy consumption for the activated sludge process. Therefore, it is very important to know how effective the aeration system and significant attention has been paid to development and upgrade of standard method for quantifying oxygen transfer efficiency of the aeration system. By Yanjun (John) He, PE, BCEE, Kruger Inc.
Water Plant Applies Colorimetric Chlorine Analyzer To Accurately Measure Proper Chloramination
The North Shore Water Commission located in Glendale Wisconsin is a conventional water treatment facility that receives its influent from Lake Michigan. At the intake, chemical treatment is applied for mussel control and the water is pumped to the treatment plant 1 mile away. By Kevin Forsman
Genuine TrojanUV3000Plus Lamps Vs. Non-Genuine Lamps: A Side-By-Side Comparison (Case Study)
Perform Lamp Output And Aging Study On Trojan UV3000™ Lamps And Non-Genuine G64T5 Low Pressure UV Lamps
Rainwater For Reuse As Drinking Water
When McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario built their new Engineering Technology Building, they used the latest state-of-the-art technology not only to achieve LEED Gold certification, but also to create a living laboratory to train students on the building systems of the future.
On-Site Disinfection Helps Ensure Safety At British Columbia Water Treatment Facility
Constructed in 1997, the District of Chetwynd Water Treatment Plant (British Columbia, Canada) treats nearly 2,500 cubic meters of water per day using gas chlorination as its primary form of drinking water disinfection
Drinking Water Disinfection: Tianjin, China (Case Study)
Favorable reviews of UV technology in wastewater applications influenced Tianjin Economic Development Area (TEDA) Water Supply General Company to investigate the potential of using UV for drinking water applications at one of its water treatment plants. With no previous UV installations for drinking water disinfection in the country, TEDA's process of selecting a UV manufacturer was stringent. We are honored that they chose us and our TrojanUVSwift™ system.
Disinfection Performance Testing Of High-Efficiency Ultraviolet Water Treatment Chamber
This is the second in a series of three white papers describing the design and performance of the NeoTech Aqua ReFlex™ treatment chamber. The first describes in detail the theoretical basis for the very high efficiency demonstrated by the chamber. The third paper describes how this chamber design leads to some highly desirable operational advantages beyond just energy ad cost reduction. By J. R. Cooper, Ph. D. and Gwynne Cavender, NeoTech Aqua Solutions, Inc.
No Wizardry In ‘Emerald City’s’ Dramatic Water Quality Improvement
With the installation of a new disinfection system featuring on-site sodium hypochlorite generation, a water treatment plant improved water quality and significantly reduced total trihalomethanes and haloacetic acid levels. By Ali Giti
GAC Solution For Ohio's Most Challenging Water
Over the course of many years the City of Celina, Ohio has been challenged with supplying drinking water to the 11,647 residents of the city and the East Jefferson District.
Guaynabo WTP In Puerto Rico Saves Thousands With UV 254 Monitoring Package
Dealing with fluctuating water sources is not an easy task for plant operators. Seasonal variation, heavy rain fall or accidental contamination events change the raw water quality, requiring immediate attention. This is a familiar scenario for Facility Manager, Nancy Ma. Cáceres Acosta at the Los Filtros Water Treatment Plant in Puerto Rico. She has been producing highquality water for 256,000 local residents, receiving surface water from the Guaynabo and Bayamon River
All chemical processes involve the loss, gain, or redistribution of electrons on an atom or group of atoms. Electricity is the movement of electrons along a conductor. It is no wonder then that chemical changes can be made to occur by passing an electric current through a solution containing atoms or groups of atoms which will accept or give up electrons. Processes which pass an electrical current through a solution to effect chemical changes are called electrochemical processes. By PEPCON Systems
Recently, cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins have become a high profile drinking water quality concern in both the United States and abroad. The combination of weather conditions, agricultural phosphate runoff, and other factors has produced water conditions that have favored the formation of cyanobacteria in surface water supplies.
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DISINFECTION APPLICATION NOTES
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DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION NEWS
DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION SUPPLIERS
Arch Chemicals, Inc.
Lonza Microbial Control produces the new generation Constant Chlor® Plus calcium hypochlorite briquette feed systems that provide increased capacity and accuracy that exceeds its first generation system, plus new capabilities and features that further enhance operation, maintenance and safety.
Calgon Carbon Corporation
Calgon Carbon Corporation (NYSE:CCC), and its European operation Chemviron Carbon, is a global manufacturer and supplier of granular activated carbon, innovative treatment systems, value added technologies and services for optimizing production processes and safely purifying the environment
JCS Industries Inc.
JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.
Liqui-Cel® Membrane Contactors are used for degassing liquids. They are most commonly used for O2 removal from water and CO2 removal from water, but they are also capable of controlling a variety of other dissolved gasses as well, such as Nitrogen.
With a history of scientific innovation, MIOX Corporation began manufacturing on-site generators in 1994. Now with more than 1,700 installations in hundreds of U.S. communities and over 30 countries, MIOX is employed in many markets and applications including potable water, wastewater and reuse, commercial swimming pools, on board military and cruise ships, cooling towers, the beverage industry, oil and gas water treatment, and other commercial and industrial applications.
PEPCON Systems PEPCON Systems (PEPCON) designs, manufactures and services equipment that utilizes a proven electrochemical process to safely and economically treat water and control odor in a variety of applications. These systems are marketed under the names ChlorMaster® and OdorMaster® and are available worldwide.
Pinnacle Ozone is the manufacturer and world class integrator of rugged & compact, energy efficient industrial ozone systems. Our Pinnacle systems are used in a diverse array of industrial, commercial and municipal water application areas where treatment requires compact size, system mobility, high efficiency, wide operational pressure, and complex system integration solutions and services.
Severn Trent Services
Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges
TrojanUV specializes in the design, manufacture and sale of pressurized and open-channel ultraviolet (UV) disinfection systems for municipal wastewater, municipal drinking water and environmental contaminant treatment applications. We are proud to have the largest installed base of UV systems in the world and are committed to reducing water stress and maximizing this invaluable resource for current and future generations.
WEDECO -- A Xylem Brand
Using processes that are both future-oriented and ecologically harmless, WEDECO products are committed to improving the foundations on which we live, on a global scale. As a company committed to healthcare, we consider it our duty to create health provisions, especially in the area of water disinfection. The broad outline of our business is to realize the best possible solution for mankind and the environment, and the most economic solution for our clients.
UV Pure Technologies
UV Pure® Technologies develops and manufactures technically advanced UV water purification systems. Since 1998, over 12,000 UV Pure systems have been installed in residential, commercial, industrial, public and municipal applications treating wastewater, reuse water, rainwater, and drinking water. The company’s Crossfire Technology is dramatically advantaged compared to conventional ultraviolet systems. UV Pure Systems are self-cleaning, and smart - with multiple sensors and on-board diagnostics. They are engineered to be fail-safe and virtually maintenance-free. Lamps are mounted in air surrounded by elliptical reflectors providing more effective deactivation of pathogens, incorporating easy lamp changes and visual quartz inspection. Remote monitoring is available.
ABOUT DRINKING WATER DISINFECTION
Water disinfection is the process of removing unwanted chemicals, biological contaminants, suspended solids and gases from contaminated water. It is also the elimination, deactivation or killing of pathogenic microorganisms.
Methods used include physical processes such as filtration, sedimentation, and distillation, biological processes such as slow sand filters or activated sludge, chemical processes such as flocculation and chlorination and the use of electromagnetic radiation such as ultraviolet light.
Ozonators produce small quantities of ozone which is a strong oxidizing agent that kills pathogens over a short period of time.