WATER INSTRUMENTATION WHITE PAPERS & CASE STUDIES
Two phase flow is notoriously problematic for most flow technologies. Read how ABB is tackling the 2-phase flow problem through an entire meter-design approach, which entails a state of the art electronics platform and innovative sensor technology. By Ron DiGiacomo
Why A Little Knowledge About Sensors Can Be A Dangerous Thing
Every day our technical support people answer questions on the selection of sensors for pH, ORP, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and turbidity. No issue generates more confusion than cell constants for conductivity sensors. The vast majority of returns we process are for conductivity sensors that were ordered with the wrong cell constant. It turns out that cell constants are something that we all read but that most of us don’t really understand. Pick the wrong cell constant for a probe and your analyzer will happily give you numbers to 3 significant digits. The only problem is those numbers are wrong. By Mark Spencer, President, Water Analytics
Solving A Taste and Odor Problem Step By Step (Article)
The City of Alliance Ohio’s water system has experienced annual Taste and Odor (T&O) events since the mid 1950’s, when the first of two reservoirs, Deer Creek Reservoir, was placed into service. Nutrient contaminants, in particular phosphorous, in the watershed accumulate in the reservoirs causing algal blooms. By Terry Keep of TrojanUV, Said Abou Abdallah of Arcadis, and Dr. Dean Reynolds, Department of Water Treatment City of Alliance, Ohio
AMERICAN Valve And Pipe Groups Join Forces To Serve The Citizens Of Eastern Pennsylvania
Together, AMERICAN Flow Control and AMERICAN Ductile Iron Pipe are providing a complete package of valves, hydrants and pipe for a new waterline to serve the eastern Pennsylvania communities of North Wales and Chalfont Borough.
Versatility Of Thermal Mass Flow Meters
There are many well documented flow meter technologies that are essentially trying to accomplish the same thing: measure fluid flow rate. Some of the technologies that are entrenched in the market, such as flow meters that utilize differential pressure as the measurement principle, are well understood by customers. Thermal mass flow meters however, such as the Magnetrol® Thermatel® TA2, are a rapidly growing technology that is continuously evolving.
The Benefits Of A Venturi Meter
With the introduction of new measurement technologies and the myriad of performance claims from sale literature, it’s easy to lose sight of the important elements that an effective flow meter offers no matter what technology is used. Long known for their longevity, reliability, and long term performance, Venturi meters provide the widest variety of measurement options in piped systems for liquids, gas, steam, and mixed media of any metering technology – all while offering the highest degree of traceable accuracy. By Primary Flow Signal, Inc.
Protecting Our Water – Keep Chemicals In The Tank
Leaking or overfilled tanks can cause environmental problems, contaminate drinking water, and cost a company millions of dollars. Proper instrumentation, monitoring and control can prevent these problems. By Bill Sholette, Level Products Business Manager, and Ricardo Chavez, Solutions Business Manager, Endress+Hauser
Making Accurate pH Measurements
Like the old saying goes, give a man a watch and he always knows what time it is. Give him two watches and he never knows the correct time. What do watches have to do with pH? In this article, we will tie the analogy of accurate time to pH measurement and show how to make more accurate, dependable and believable pH measurements by using three pH sensors.
Thermal Dispersion Technology Helps Utility Meet Federal Environmental And Health Regulations
Many water quality plants are using flow controls to help achieve critical operational goals.
How Larger Flow Meters Speak Volumes
As the price of water continues to increase, errors in flow measurement are magnified for distribution networks that transport large volumes of water. These systems often incorporate meters over 48 inches in diameter, which can be a challenge to calibrate. Learn how choosing the proper calibration method can ensure the most accurate measurements. By Richard Lowrie, Water and Wastwater Industry Specialist, KROHNE, Inc.
Continuous Phosphate Monitoring Improves Reliability
When municipalities choose to manually feed phosphates into their potable water, this often creates an over-feed of chemicals. Learn how employing an automatic-dosing phosphate analyzer can reduce operating costs and improve reliability.
Cyanide Analysis Of Wastewater Samples From FCC And Hydrocracking Operations
Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is a major unit operation in refineries around the world. FCC is used to convert lowvalue, high molecular weight feedstocks such as shale oil, tar sands oil, and coker gas oils into lighter, high-value products by “cracking” C-C bonds.
Online TOC Analysis In The Drinking Water Treatment Process
In 1974 the Congress of the United States passed Public Law 93-523; the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to protect public health by regulating the nation’s drinking water supply and protecting sources of drinking water. The SDWA first went into effect on June 24, 1977 and has been amended multiple times.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency claims there are approximately 155,000 public water systems in the nation and the public drinking water systems regulated by EPA provide drinking water to 90 percent of Americans. To put this in perspective, a family of four statistically uses 400 gallons of water daily. By Jeff Smith, Primary Flow Signal
WATER INSTRUMENTATION PRODUCTSMore Water Instrumentation Products
WATER INSTRUMENTATION PODCASTSMore Water Instrumentation Podcasts
WATER INSTRUMENTATION VIDEOSMore Water Instrumentation Videos
WATER INSTRUMENTATION NEWS
WATER INSTRUMENTATION SUPPLIERS
ABB Measurement Products
ABB is the best partner throughout the entire water cycle. From extraction and treatment, to distribution and the management of the wastewater process, ABB supplies an extensive range of reliable measurement products and solutions. With the most expertise in water and wastewater applications worldwide, ABB is the partner to help customers choose the optimal measurement solution precisely meeting their requirements.
Emerson Process Management, Rosemount Analytical
Rosemount Analytical, one of Emerson’s leading process management companies, is the world’s premier supplier of technologies for liquid and combustion analysis, process analysis, gas measurement, and emissions monitoring. With an 80-year legacy of manufacturing liquid and gas analytical products that have revolutionized the process industries, we continue to provide real, quantifiable analytical solutions.
Endress+Hauser has more than 50 years of experience in the areas of Municipal Wastewater, Industrial Wastewater, and Portable Water.
GF Piping Systems
George Fischer Piping Systems is the sales, marketing and logistics organization for Engineered Piping Systems, Valves and Actuation, and Signet Instrumentation in the Americas. In addition, GFI provides our customers with a wide range of value add capabilities through the Custom Products group
For more than 60 years, Hach has been at the crest of the industry - finding solutions that help you best manage your water. Our analytical instruments and reagents are used to test the quality of water in a variety of industries and markets - from around the corner, to around the globe.
JCS Industries Inc.
JCS Industries, Inc. was founded in 2002 as a product development company charged with developing an alternative to the current vacuum feed liquid doser technology for a worldwide manufacturer of water and waste treatment equipment. After one year of design and two years of beta testing, JCS developed the Model 4100 Automatic Vacuum Liquid Feeder.
We are committed to providing you with KROHNE's 83+ years of flow and level measurement expertise at your facility.
Myron L Company
The Myron L Company, originally founded in 1957 as a Research and Development company, is a privately owned and operated California Corporation
Real Tech Inc.
Real Tech Inc. Is dedicated to providing high quality UV photometric and spectroscopic analytical instrumentation for the water and wastewater industry.
Schneider Electric’s integrated solutions make water and wastewater management efficient, reliable, and sustainable. From the smallest pumping station to the most complex treatment plant, we are dedicated to serving your requirements, and in turn, the needs of your community. Our solutions can help you save up to 30%in energy and design costs, which is good for the budget, and great for the environment.
Severn Trent Services
Severn Trent Services is a leading supplier of water and wastewater treatment solutions. We provide our clients with some of the industry’s brightest minds, advanced technologies, and quality products to provide you with truly efficient, cost-effective solutions to your water and wastewater challenges
Evoqua Water Technologies
Evoqua Water Technologies, formerly Siemens Water Technologies, is a leader in water and wastewater treatment products, systems and services for industrial and municipal customers. We offer a wide range of proven product brands and advanced water and wastewater treatment technologies, mobile and emergency water supply solutions and service contract options.
Swan Analytical USA
Swan Analytical Instruments is a leading manufacturer of high quality on-line analytical instruments for water analysis in applications such as high purity water, steam, condensate, cooling water, potable water, and effluent.
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Thermo Fisher Scientific offers a full range of water analysis instruments from pH, ISE, conductivity and dissolved oxygen meters, electrodes and solutions, to colorimetry, titration and on-line process monitors.
Trihedral Engineering Limited
Trihedral is recognized as a leading manufacturer of computer software for SCADA and HMI applications, particularly in the water & wastewater industry. The worldwide appeal of our software is demonstrated by a large and satisfied customer base spanning six continents.
WRT - Water Remediation Technology, LLC
WRT provides effective processes for removing radium, uranium and other contaminants from water. Our complete package of services includes process equipment, proprietary treatment media, safe exchange of media, and proper handling and disposal of used media
Process instruments are used widely in water and wastewater treatment plants to monitor the effluent quality. However, their applications are not limited to monitoring effluent quality. These water and wastewater quality monitoring devices can be applied throughout the network of collection, treatment, and disposal
Instrumentation can give guarantee of proficient treatment processes of water quality parameters such as turbidity, pH, ORP, conductivity and dissolved oxygen. Instrumentation is done in the following aspects.
- Flow measurement
- Stage /Level measurement
- Physical and chemical water quality measurement
- Biological water quality measurement
- Water sediment and biota samplers
- Data storage and management
Measurement Techniques include, Gravimetric analysis or, simply, weighing, Colorimetry or spectrophotometry, Titration, and Mass Spectrometry:
Platforms on which instrumentation can be carried out include
- Stationary vertical profilers – Used for in situ sampling.
- Flow-through systems -Most research ships have built-in flow-through systems that constantly circulate water collected a few meters from the surface.
- Towed vehicles- towed vehicle such a system is able to provide a continuous series of data points for remote sensing applications where transect lines can follow the flight paths of a remote sensor.
- Moored platforms - These stationary, or Eulerian, platforms offer data streams synoptically that match with satellite-based imagers.
- Automated underwater vehicles - Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) afford their own propulsion there by allowing high-resolution sampling of the ocean’s interior in multiple directions.
Some of the instruments used in water management are:
- Pressure Transmitters
- General Service Gauges
- Pressure Regulators
- Digital Panel Meters
- Process Calibrators
- Differential Pressure Gauge and Switches
- Multi-Point Thermocouple Displays
- HART Calibrator/Communicator