WATER MEMBRANES WHITE PAPERS AND CASE STUDIES
Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) is allowing many wastewater treatment plants to achieve extremely high effluent quality. Still, for some applications even the most advanced BNR processes can’t address concerns with trace organics, pharmaceuticals, and other endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs).
New Membrane Technology Handles High Solids, Aids Water Reuse
As global conditions place more stress on water resources, a great deal of attention is being paid to water reuse technologies, particularly those that facilitate the reuse of the next level of difficult-to-treat or highly variable raw water sources.
Integration Of Membrana Ultrafiltration And Gas Transfer Membrane Technologies Produces High Quality Water And Controls Corrosion In Cooling Water System
By incorporating Membrana UF and Gas Transfer Membrane (GTM) a resort customer was able to reduce the risk of contaminating its cooling water and protect other system components from corrosion. The compact systems exceeded performance expectations and reduced maintenance and operating costs while maximizing the available space.
Ultrafiltration Stormwater Recovery System At Cincinnati Zoo Reaches Optimal Performance
The Cincinnati Zoo uses an ultrafiltration system (UF) to treat stormwater. The reclaimed water is collected from 14 acres of the park, including parking lots, animal exhibit yards, rooftop drains, and walking path storm drains
The Benefits Of Reusing Wastewater
Since water is an essential element in food or beverage operations, reusing it can reduce a business’s water usage ratios, help meet sustainability goals, lower supply risk and contribute to cost savings, making it a top priority for many companies today.
AltaPac™ AP-II Ultrafiltration Membrane Case Study
Cibola is a small community located in Southern Arizona along the Colorado River. With a growing population, the community decided to install a centralized water system to replace individual wells.
Center Feed Drum Screen Is Mission Critical To MBR Plant
Huber’s center-feed drum screen was recommended as the best technology to prevent wash around that can ruin the membrane bioreactor at a WWTP in Las Vegas.
Antiscalant Impacts Water Reclamation Efforts
Water reuse efforts in the West Coast are a priority and have the Ground Water Replenishing System (GWRS) of the Orange County Water District (OCWD) utilizing new technologies for water conservation.
Water Utility Turns To State-Of-The-Art UV Technology To Help Address Drought
The 2013 year was the driest in recorded history with many areas of the San Joaquin Valley reporting groundwater levels more than 100 feet below previous historical lows.
Water Supply Needs At Odds With Regional Demands To Lower Power Use
The shoreline of the Red Sea is a dazzling destination for tourists and locals to experience the beach and enjoy marine activities. In Egypt, the shoreline sprawls from the Suez Canal in the north, down to the southern part of the country bordering Sudan.
Overcoming Difficult Conditions, Salty Groundwater And Changes In Feedwater Quality
Kibbutz Reim had to convert salty groundwater into a high quality irrigation resource in this desert-like region. High recovery was essential to this customer, both because of the limited amount of groundwater available and the challenge of brine disposal from their inland location.
High Recovery Reverse Osmosis Water Treatment For Industrial, Agricultural, And Municipal Applications
Industry accounts for nearly 60 percent of fresh water withdrawals in the developed world and agriculture consumes 70 percent of fresh water supplies globally, according to UNESCO.
Pulp And Paper Manufacturer Significantly Increases Production While Complying With Discharge Limitations
A U.S.-based pulp and paper manufacturer required high purity process and boiler feed water. It was using water from a local well and treating it with a 150 gpm conventional RO system operating at 75% recovery, but this was creating 50 gpm of wastewater – over 26 million gallons per year.
This leading rod and wire mill requires water for cooling steel and tools in its manufacturing process. Water used for cooling becomes contaminated with metals and lubricants and was therefore being disposed of as waste.
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Water membranes are widely used in the water treatment processes. They have become a fundamental player in separation technology because of the fact that they require no additional chemicals and their relatively low energy requirements.
Water membranes have been applied during the extraction of produced water, treatment of waste/sewage water and processing of surface water all with huge success levels. Conventional water treatment techniques are over time incorporating in their processes the use on water membranes. Commercialization of membranes was first done in the 1970s and 1980s.
Membrane technology is chiefly based on the presence of pores on the membranes that make them semi-permeable. The simple principle on which water membranes work is such that the semi-permeability of water membranes ensures that only water is allowed to pass through a specific membrane while trapping unwanted particles and substances.
In both microfiltration and ultra filtration, membranes provide an effective barrier for arresting suspended solids in water.
To aid substances to penetrate across a semi-permeable membrane the following steps are undertaken: Electric potential introduction, high pressure application and ensuring that the concentration gradient on both sides of the membrane is maintained. The surface area of the membrane also determines the efficiency of the membrane in use.
The only drawback on water membranes is that they cannot remove substances that are actually dissolved in the water such as phosphorus, nitrates and heavy metal ions. The following are categories of membranes: Microfiltration (MF), Ultra filtration (UF), Reverse osmosis (RO), and Nanofiltration (NF) membranes
Ultra filtration membranes employ polymer technology with chemically created microscopic pores that trap dissolved substances therefore eliminating the possible use of any coagulants.