The city of Fort Lupton a growing Front Range community located along the South Platte River in Colorado, began operation of a new 5 MGD (18.93 MLD) membrane filtration system in 1997.
The groundwater that a southern Louisiana water utility supplies to local residents has traditionally carried a high amount of organic material and color. In the past, the organics were oxidized and broken down by chlorination, but this practice had gone out of favor due to production of disinfection by-products (DBPs) such as Trihalomethanes (THMs) and Haloacidic Acids (HAAs).
Quechan Casino Resort, a gaming facility located on Native American owned land in Winterhaven, California, began its wastewater treatment operations in January 2009.
As global conditions place more stress on water resources, a great deal of attention is being paid to water reuse technologies, particularly those that facilitate the reuse of the next level of difficult-to-treat or highly variable raw water sources.
By incorporating Membrana UF and Gas Transfer Membrane (GTM) a resort customer was able to reduce the risk of contaminating its cooling water and protect other system components from corrosion. The compact systems exceeded performance expectations and reduced maintenance and operating costs while maximizing the available space.
The Cincinnati Zoo uses an ultrafiltration system (UF) to treat stormwater. The reclaimed water is collected from 14 acres of the park, including parking lots, animal exhibit yards, rooftop drains, and walking path storm drains
Since water is an essential element in food or beverage operations, reusing it can reduce a business’s water usage ratios, help meet sustainability goals, lower supply risk and contribute to cost savings, making it a top priority for many companies today.
Cibola is a small community located in Southern Arizona along the Colorado River. With a growing population, the community decided to install a centralized water system to replace individual wells.
Huber’s center-feed drum screen was recommended as the best technology to prevent wash around that can ruin the membrane bioreactor at a WWTP in Las Vegas.
Water reuse efforts in the West Coast are a priority and have the Ground Water Replenishing System (GWRS) of the Orange County Water District (OCWD) utilizing new technologies for water conservation.
The 2013 year was the driest in recorded history with many areas of the San Joaquin Valley reporting groundwater levels more than 100 feet below previous historical lows.
The shoreline of the Red Sea is a dazzling destination for tourists and locals to experience the beach and enjoy marine activities. In Egypt, the shoreline sprawls from the Suez Canal in the north, down to the southern part of the country bordering Sudan.
Kibbutz Reim had to convert salty groundwater into a high quality irrigation resource in this desert-like region. High recovery was essential to this customer, both because of the limited amount of groundwater available and the challenge of brine disposal from their inland location.
Industry accounts for nearly 60 percent of fresh water withdrawals in the developed world and agriculture consumes 70 percent of fresh water supplies globally, according to UNESCO.
Water membranes are widely used in the water treatment processes. They have become a fundamental player in separation technology because of the fact that they require no additional chemicals and their relatively low energy requirements.
Water membranes have been applied during the extraction of produced water, treatment of waste/sewage water and processing of surface water all with huge success levels. Conventional water treatment techniques are over time incorporating in their processes the use on water membranes. Commercialization of membranes was first done in the 1970s and 1980s.
Membrane technology is chiefly based on the presence of pores on the membranes that make them semi-permeable. The simple principle on which water membranes work is such that the semi-permeability of water membranes ensures that only water is allowed to pass through a specific membrane while trapping unwanted particles and substances.
In both microfiltration and ultra filtration, membranes provide an effective barrier for arresting suspended solids in water.
To aid substances to penetrate across a semi-permeable membrane the following steps are undertaken: Electric potential introduction, high pressure application and ensuring that the concentration gradient on both sides of the membrane is maintained. The surface area of the membrane also determines the efficiency of the membrane in use.
The only drawback on water membranes is that they cannot remove substances that are actually dissolved in the water such as phosphorus, nitrates and heavy metal ions. The following are categories of membranes: Microfiltration (MF), Ultra filtration (UF), Reverse osmosis (RO), and Nanofiltration (NF) membranes
Ultra filtration membranes employ polymer technology with chemically created microscopic pores that trap dissolved substances therefore eliminating the possible use of any coagulants.