Harnessing Aclara Advanced Analytics for Water Balancing, Meter Trending and Meter Right-Sizing Water utility managers today face a conundrum.
DRINKING WATER CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS
Aquatech Supplies 40,000 m3/day SWRO In Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) is responsible for constructing, managing, operating, and maintaining airports and air navigation infrastructure in Saudi Arabia. By Aquatech International Corporation
STAR Network System Stands Up To Hurricane Sandy
The New York City Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) is the largest public water utility in North America, serving more than 800,000 customers and nine million residents.
Case Study: Ambitious Water Quality Study Could Guide Development For Years The City of Kissimmee, Fla., has embarked on an ambitious water quality study that could provide a road map for development in the fast-growing tourist mecca – and save millions of dollars as the city begins to comply with water quality regulations
ClorTec Hickory Case Study The use of gaseous chlorine at water treatment plants has, for many years, been an effective method of disinfection. It is still the most commonly used disinfectant in plants throughout the United States.
New Meters And AMR System Deliver Outstanding Revenue Savings And Improved Efficiencies In Ozark Mountain Region
Tri County Regional Water upgrades to Badger Meter E-Series® Ultrasonic meters and ORION® Classic (CE) automatic meter reading (AMR) solution.
Case Study: Aquatech Supplies 40,000 m3/day SWRO In Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) is responsible for constructing, managing, operating, and maintaining airports and air navigation infrastructure in Saudi Arabia. By Aquatech International Corporation
Project Profile: 750 GPM Iron & Manganese System, Meadow Lake MHC In February 2008 AdEdge Technologies, Inc. was selected as the sole vendor by Sun Communities, a nation wide owner and operator of Mobile Home Communities, to supply an iron and manganese treatment system, for the Meadow Lake MHC in White Lake, Michigan.
Feeling The Pressure To Reduce Leakage?
Water is a resource that is often taken for granted. As we see the effects of climate change and population growth, the challenges we will face regarding water supply and availability will only increase. Examples of this are beginning to surface extensively in many areas of the world. In Adelaide, Australia, the Murray River has long supplied Adelaide with its source of water however the Murray River has seen extensive overuse for potable, agricultural and industrial use and now combined with changing weather patterns, Adelaide is in trouble. By Brad Clarke, VP of Marketing & Sales, Singer Valve
Three Steps For Reducing Total Cost Of Ownership (TCO) In Pumping Systems
Energy costs have become an increasing contributor to pumping systems Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). In fact, energy cost represents 40% of the TCO of a typical pump. It is possible to reduce the electrical consumption by at least 30% utilizing Variable Speed Drives while decreasing maintenance costs associated with the mechanical driven system. This paper explains how to reduce TCO with a limited investment focused on three key areas: energy efficiency management, asset management, and energy cost management.
Aquatech Supplies Zero Liquid Discharge System In Puerto Rico Due To Environmental Regulations
AES Puerto Rico Cogeneration Plant (AESPR) is a cogeneration power plant that produces 454 MW of net electricity in its fluidized bed boiler plant in Guayama, which is sold to the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA).
DRINKING WATER APPLICATION NOTES
Leak Detection Using Conductivity
Virtually all industries from food and beverage to chemical processing use heat exchangers, condensers,or jacketed vessels. Leakage of the process into the cooling water represents a loss of product and can be a source of fouling or corrosion in the cooling water system.
Hach LDO® Technology Improves The Efficiency Of Pharmaceutical Plant’s Wastewater Treatment Process
Bristol-Myers Squibb (BMS) is a global pharmaceutical and related health care company with the mission to extend and enhance human life. One of the company’s oldest and largest facilities was built in 1943 in East Syracuse, New York, when BMS was one of 12 companies chosen by the federal government to mass produce penicillin.
Ion Exchange Resins Reduce Pollution From Refineries
A single operational oil and gas refinery produces millions of gallons of contaminated wastewater a year, leading to environmental pollution concerns. Ion exchange resins are a metal- and ion-removal solution to help clean this wastewater for plant reuse or safe disposal. This application guide explains how resins can be used to demineralize refinery water in process, boiler, and cooling water applications.
Preliminary Assessment Of Water Quality In Riviera Grise Near Port-Au-Prince, Haiti
The Riviera Grise drains water from the Cul-de-Sac watershed, Haiti, which covers most of the rural areas along the flood plains and areas that extend into steep hillsides. It also covers urban areas of Port-Au-Prince, the capital city of Haiti.
Organics Monitoring (TOC)
Total organic carbon (TOC) testing is the traditional method for determining organic matter in water. However there is a far more practical, affordable and often more useful way to measure organic matter. UV absorbance testing (UVA) is rapidly becoming the preferred method of measuring organics even when the levels of organics being measured are very small.
YSI Real-Time Water Quality Monitoring And The IPSWATCH-EMPACT Program The Ipswich and Parker Rivers watersheds lie only a short distance north of Boston, MA. The first settlements in these watersheds began in the early 1600s. Since that time, residents have relied heavily on the natural resources of the Parker and Ipswich Rivers, their coastal estuaries and Plum Island Sound, which is known as the Great Marsh. This ecosystem has been designated and protected by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts as an Area of Critical Environmental Concern (ACEC).
Application Note: Free Chlorine Measurement In Drinking Water Treatment Before water can be used as a safe and reliable source for drinking water, it must be properly treated
Application Note: YSI Water Quality Monitoring Buoys Help Connecticut DOT Protect The Housatonic River When replacement of the Sikorski Bridge spanning the Housatonic River was authorized, Paul Corrente and the Connecticut Department of Transportation (CT-DOT) set about the design and development of a water quality monitoring program to monitor the contractor’s in-water activities to insure full protection of the river from perturbation
Application Bulletin: Reverse Osmosis Osmosis is the phenomenon of lower dissolved solids in water passing through a semi-permeable membrane into higher dissolved solids water until a near equilibrium is reached
YSI 600 Optical Monitoring System Used To Protect Lake Oconee, Georgia Water Quality Northern Georgia is experiencing unprecedented development; consequently, water quality in many of its watersheds is in jeopardy of severe degradation. The State of Georgia, Environmental Protection Division (EPD) has implemented an NPDES monitoring and enforcement program designed to prevent construction activities from impacting water quality
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LATEST INSIGHTS ON DRINKING WATER
Understanding Salt Passage Vs. Salt Rejection In Reverse Osmosis Systems
Knowing the dynamics of membrane separation and distinguishing salt rejection and salt passage and how they’re calculated is necessary to understand the unique operational behaviors of reverse osmosis (RO), nanofiltration (NF), microfiltration (MF), and ultrafiltration (UF) systems.
Evaporation Retardation — Helping Surface Supplies Stay Put
Are chemical evaporative retardants a good method to prevent losses from reservoirs? By Charlie F. Anderson
What Drought? Deep Drilling For Groundwater Yields Rewards
The Utah Water District took a unique approach to discover new water for a rising population, with better-than-expected results.
A Beginner’s Guide To On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation
Why buy, transport, and store chlorine when you can make your own? Here are nine questions to consider before adopting the practice.
The Surprising Money-Saving Solution For Utilities
At first glance, promoting conservation would seem like a poor financial decision for utilities to make. Less water use equals less money right? Not always.
New Standard Applies To Every Water Manager, Everywhere
Innovation can take many forms. In the water and wastewater industry, new and emerging technologies get most of the credit for being innovative and potentially transformative. However, new modes of thinking can have equal and sometimes greater impact.
DRINKING WATER NEWS
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ABOUT DRINKING WATER
In most developed countries, drinking water is regulated to ensure that it meets drinking water quality standards. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers these standards under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA).
Drinking water considerations can be divided into three core areas of concern:
- Source water for a community’s drinking water supply
- Drinking water treatment of source water
- Distribution of treated drinking water to consumers
Drinking Water Sources
Source water access is imperative to human survival. Sources may include groundwater from aquifers, surface water from rivers and streams and seawater through a desalination process. Direct or indirect water reuse is also growing in popularity in communities with limited access to sources of traditional surface or groundwater.
Source water scarcity is a growing concern as populations grow and move to warmer, less aqueous climates; climatic changes take place and industrial and agricultural processes compete with the public’s need for water. The scarcity of water supply and water conservation are major focuses of the American Water Works Association.
Drinking Water Treatment
Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.
There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used for contaminant removal and the removal of pathogens to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.
The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.
The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.
During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.
Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.
Drinking Water Distribution
Drinking water distribution involves the management of flow of the treated water to the consumer. By some estimates, up to 30% of treated water fails to reach the consumer. This water, often called non-revenue water, escapes from the distribution system through leaks in pipelines and joints, and in extreme cases through water main breaks.
A public water authority manages drinking water distribution through a network of pipes, pumps and valves and monitors that flow using flow, level and pressure measurement sensors and equipment.
Water meters and metering systems such as automatic meter reading (AMR) and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) allows a water utility to assess a consumer’s water use and charge them for the correct amount of water they have consumed.