DRINKING WATER

EBMUD Successfully Manages Chloramine Residual In 10-Million-Gallon Reservoir With Chloramine Management System
EBMUD Successfully Manages Chloramine Residual In 10-Million-Gallon Reservoir With Chloramine Management System

Located on the eastern side of the San Francisco Bay, the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) treats and distributes water to over 1.3 million customers in Alameda and Contra Costa counties. As one of the largest utility districts in California, EBMUD is a leader in the water industry’s water quality, conservation, and sustainability efforts.

DRINKING WATER CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

  • Two Phase Flow Considerations For Coriolis Meters
    Two Phase Flow Considerations For Coriolis Meters

    Two phase flow is notoriously problematic for most flow technologies. Read how ABB is tackling the 2-phase flow problem through an entire meter-design approach, which entails a state of the art electronics platform and innovative sensor technology. By Ron DiGiacomo

  • Case Study: Improving RO Performance
    Case Study: Improving RO Performance The client's reverse osmosis system utilized coagulants, antiscalants and cleaners to produce high quality water. With the current chemicals, the reverse osmosis system was cleaned every 90 days due to scaling or deposits.
  • OSG- On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) For Drinking Water Applications
    OSG- On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite (NaOCl) For Drinking Water Applications

    Drinking water treatment plants use various forms of chlorine to inactivate pathogens, oxidize metals or metalloids and provide disinfection residual for distribution systems. By Glen Smith, PEPCON Systems

  • How To Install pH Sensors
    How To Install pH Sensors

    This article is for those of you who need to install a new or redo an existing pH loop. These tips can help ensure accurate and consistent readings.

  • Constructing A Winding Box Culvert Channel In A Steep, Rocky Canyon
    Constructing A Winding Box Culvert Channel In A Steep, Rocky Canyon

    Special precast box culverts were used for one of the most significant segments of the $25.8 million emergency water restoration project, designated by the NRCS, known as the Cache Water Restoration Project (CWRP). The CWRP project involved the reconstruction and improvement of approximately six miles of mostly open, unlined channels that make up the Logan and Northern, as well as the Hyde Park and Smithfield canals. The project incorporated new precast pipeline, box culverts, a section of pressurized pipe, metering systems, turn-outs, head gates, and improved maintenance access.

  • Submersible Pumps Solve Oxygen Depletion Problems
    Submersible Pumps Solve Oxygen Depletion Problems

    At the Marston Water Treatment Plant, Denver Water shared the seasonal oxygen depletion concerns confronted by many utilities that use surface impoundments as their raw water source. Especially in autumn, customers complained that the water had an undesirable taste, odor, and color. Learn how the utility overcame this problem by installing a 35-horsepower submersible pump that moves five times more oxygen than a conventional aeration system.

  • Nestlé Pumps Innovation Well For California Water Savings
    Nestlé Pumps Innovation Well For California Water Savings

    In parched California, Nestlé USA is undertaking numerous measures to conserve water in its food and beverage operations across that state. Four years into a significant drought in the nation’s most populous state, California government officials recently began initiating mandatory controls on water usage for businesses, farms, and residents. Nestlé is hoping to stay ahead of these developments and allay pressure from environmental groups that criticize increasing use of bottled water, one of the company’s major product lines.

  • Standing Tall In Sopchoppy: A Storage Tank Built To Last
    Standing Tall In Sopchoppy: A Storage Tank Built To Last

    Deep in the Apalachicola National Forest in the Florida panhandle where U.S. Route 319 makes a crank-handle turn lies the community of Sopchoppy. It’s an Indian name that means “dark water” or “twisted river.” In fact, the Sopchoppy River is one of the most pristine in the whole state and it attracts a crowd for boating, kayaking, and fishing.

  • Online TOC Analysis In The Drinking Water Treatment Process
    Online TOC Analysis In The Drinking Water Treatment Process

    In 1974 the Congress of the United States passed Public Law 93-523; the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) to protect public health by regulating the nation’s drinking water supply and protecting sources of drinking water. The SDWA first went into effect on June 24, 1977 and has been amended multiple times.

  • 4 Tips For Building Meter-Related Revenue
    4 Tips For Building Meter-Related Revenue The water meter industry operates on revenue and the modern utility is both a business and a public service. This article deals with the business and revenue side of the water industry. I don’t question the ability of the modern water utility to produce safe, high-quality water. However, I am concerned about the service side, since fairness to the end users of our product and fairness to the utilities who produce this very high-quality product is important and closely related to the revenue issues. It is our job to collect the revenue to which we are entitled by the application of fair business practices and the use of accurate and cost-saving measurement devices. I will talk about building revenue by avoiding revenue loss. By Floyd S. Salser, Jr., CEO, MARS Company
More Drinking Water Case Studies and White Papers

DRINKING WATER APPLICATION NOTES

  • Application Note: Vertical Profiling Safeguards Drinking Water And Sheds Light On Cyanobacteria A search for algal toxins in North Carolina reservoirs has evolved into an ongoing early warning system for three important drinking water reservoirs—which serve two large cities—and yielded a greater understanding of the dynamics of blue-green algae, or cyanobacteria, in the state’s reservoir system. By YSI
  • Defining Drinking Water Plant Backwash Profile Using The SOLITAX™ Sc Suspended Solids And Turbidity Sensor

    Today’s drinking water plants have many challenges to meet as they produce water for a fast-growing and increasingly demanding population.

  • Monitoring Chloramination Using The APA6000™ Ammonia/Monochloramine Analyzer

    Chloramination, a process often used for disinfection of drinking water and wastewater, involves mixing chlorine and ammonia to form chloramines. The relative concentrations of both chlorine and ammonia are essential for optimum disinfection. 

  • Alcoholic Beverage Fusel Alcohol Testing With Static Headspace

    A static headspace method was developed using Teledyne Tekmar automated headspace vial samplers to meet the method requirements of the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau of the US Department of the Treasury (TTB) method SSD: TM:2001 for testing fusel alcohols in alcoholic beverages.

  • Application Note: Water Flows From The Golden Hills Of California Each morning John Johnson drives the few miles from his smalltown home in northern California to the Center at Pardee Reservoir. Nestled among the foothills of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, the reservoir is a long 100 miles away from San Francisco Bay. By YSI
  • Non-Contact Radar Level Meter Improves Reactor Vessel Measurement

    A North Carolina-based specialty chemical manufacturer, a major producer of insect repellent, was looking for a better way to measure the liquid level in its glass-lined agitated reactor. The company uses a number of complex technologies to manufacture sebacates, adipates, isophthalates, catalysts, alkyds, and other natural and renewable chemistries based on castor and citrates.

  • Solution For Algae Blooms

    Harmsco® Filtration Products is pleased to offer a solution to the ever increasing blue-algae blooms in water sources. A multi-barrier approach is necessary to physically remove intact (algae and cyanobacteria) before they rupture in the treatment process and then remove extracellular cyanobacteria through adsorption.

  • Application Note: Simultaneous Determination Of Total Bound Nitrogen (TNb) And Total Organic Carbon (TOC) In Aqueous Samples Total bound nitrogen (TNb) consists of dissolved ammonia, nitrates, nitrites, amines, and other organic nitrogen-containing compounds. TNb measurements represent an alternative to Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN) analysis for rapid screening of industrial wastewater, drinking water,agricultural run-off, and surface waters. By OI Analytical
  • Dissolved Oxygen Measurement

    One of the most important measurements in the determination of the health of a body of water is its dissolved oxygen content. The quantity of dissolved oxygen in water is normally expressed in parts per million (ppm) by weight and is due to the solubility of oxygen from the atmosphere around us.

  • Removal Of Chloramines With Activated Carbon

    In order to reduce the formation of harmful disinfection byproducts in drinking water, alternative disinfectant use has become increasingly widespread. Monochloramine is a leading alternative disinfectant that offers advantages for municipal water. This tech brief details the removal of monochloramine using activated carbon.

More Drinking Water Application Notes

DRINKING WATER PRODUCTS

Instrumentation: OPTIFLUX 4000 Electromagnetic Flow Sensor Instrumentation: OPTIFLUX 4000 Electromagnetic Flow Sensor

The OPTIFLUX 4000 electromagnetic flow sensor is the proven choice when selecting a flowmeter. This versatile flowmeter is suitable for almost all applications in all industries.

Instrumentation: Clamp-On Ultrasonic OPTISONIC 6300 Instrumentation: Clamp-On Ultrasonic OPTISONIC 6300
KROHNE’s OPTISONIC 6300 stands for continuity and long term reliability. Flow measurement can be done anywhere and start-up is immediate. The new OPTISONIC 6300 clamp-on flowmeter with its robust industrial construction and regreasing concept provides a revolutionary solution for easy handling
MECTAN® Induced Vortex Grit Chamber MECTAN® Induced Vortex Grit Chamber
Grit is a source of problems in wastewater treatment facilities, which causes wear and tear on mechanical equipment, decreases the effective treatment volume in basins, causes pipe blockages and generally increases operating costs.
TETRA® LP Block™ Dual Parallel Lateral Underdrain TETRA® LP Block™ Dual Parallel Lateral Underdrain

In municipal drinking water applications or pre-treatment for desalination plants using gravity filters, the filter underdrain is one of the most important components contributing to overall system performance and operation — whether a new filter design or retrofitting an existing filter.

Capital Controls® Series 480 Vacuum Gas Feeders Capital Controls® Series 480 Vacuum Gas Feeders

The Capital Controls® Series 480 all-vacuum gas feeder is designed for direct mounting to a 150 pound gas cylinder or ton container. It is a basic alternative for those applications requiring a chlorine feed rate of 250 PPD (5 kg/h) or less. The gas feed rate is controlled under sonic flow conditions eliminating the need for an auxiliary differential pressure regulators.

Capital Controls® Series CL500, CL1000 And CL1000B Residual Analyzers Capital Controls® Series CL500, CL1000 And CL1000B Residual Analyzers

The Capital Controls® CL500 residual analyzer is designed to continuously monitor free and total chlorine. The analyzer is auto ranging to 20 mg/l and operates using the amperometric method of measurement. The amperometric method is EPA approved for on-line chlorine residual monitoring in drinking water.

More Products

LATEST INSIGHTS ON DRINKING WATER

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DRINKING WATER VIDEOS

Introducing EXO - A New, State-Of-The-Art Water Monitoring Platform Video Introducing EXO - A New, State-Of-The-Art Water Monitoring Platform Video

EXO, a state-of-the art water quality monitoring platform, is designed to address the many challenges of collecting accurate field data in the natural environment.

Low Flow Sampling Using A TROLL® 9500 Water Quality Instrument

The TROLL® 9500 Water Quality Instrument simplifies multiparameter monitoring. The TROLL 9500 is a powerful, portable unit that houses up to nine water quality sensors, internal power, and optional data logging capabilities.

Video: YSI Professional Plus Multiparameter Meter Video: YSI Professional Plus Multiparameter Meter
This video gives an overview of the features and benefits of the YSI Professional Plus, or Pro Plus, handheld multiparameter water quality instrument.
Mueller Systems 420 Remote Connect/Disconnect Meter (RDM) Video Mueller Systems 420 Remote Connect/Disconnect Meter (RDM) Video

See how 420 Remote Connect/Disconnect Meter (RDM) from Mueller Systems can optimize AMI and AMR systems to help utilities improve the operational efficiency of their water systems.

EPA Administrator Speaks At 40th Anniversary Of Safe Drinking Water Act

EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy speaks at the 40th Anniversary of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) on December 9, 2014 at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

More Drinking Water Videos

ABOUT DRINKING WATER

In most developed countries, drinking water is regulated to ensure that it meets drinking water quality standards. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers these standards under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)

Drinking water considerations can be divided into three core areas of concern:

  1. Source water for a community’s drinking water supply
  2. Drinking water treatment of source water
  3. Distribution of treated drinking water to consumers

Drinking Water Sources

Source water access is imperative to human survival. Sources may include groundwater from aquifers, surface water from rivers and streams and seawater through a desalination process. Direct or indirect water reuse is also growing in popularity in communities with limited access to sources of traditional surface or groundwater. 

Source water scarcity is a growing concern as populations grow and move to warmer, less aqueous climates; climatic changes take place and industrial and agricultural processes compete with the public’s need for water. The scarcity of water supply and water conservation are major focuses of the American Water Works Association.

Drinking Water Treatment

Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used for contaminant removal and the removal of pathogens to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.

The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.

The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.

During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.

Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.

Drinking Water Distribution

Drinking water distribution involves the management of flow of the treated water to the consumer. By some estimates, up to 30% of treated water fails to reach the consumer. This water, often called non-revenue water, escapes from the distribution system through leaks in pipelines and joints, and in extreme cases through water main breaks.

A public water authority manages drinking water distribution through a network of pipes, pumps and valves and monitors that flow using flow, level and pressure measurement sensors and equipment.

Water meters and metering systems such as automatic meter reading (AMR) and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) allows a water utility to assess a consumer’s water use and charge them for the correct amount of water they have consumed.