DRINKING WATER

Oxelia™ Integrated Ozone Enhanced Biofilration Is Propelling Potable Reuse Projects Forward
Oxelia™ Integrated Ozone Enhanced Biofilration Is Propelling Potable Reuse Projects Forward

Potable Water professionals are seeking innovative approaches to address water supply challenges associated with population growth, drought, and environmental protection.

DRINKING WATER CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

  • Ozone Vent Gas For Aeration At Wastewater Plant Expansion In China
    Ozone Vent Gas For Aeration At Wastewater Plant Expansion In China

    The Jimo, China, municipal wastewater plant was originally designed to treat a combination of municipal and textile wastewater (120,000 m3/d) with Class IB effluent limits for BOD, COD, ESS, TN, NH3-N and TP.

  • The Benefits Of Continuous Monitoring Of Phosphate In Corrosion Control
    The Benefits Of Continuous Monitoring Of Phosphate In Corrosion Control

    When Flint Michigan discontinued purchasing water from the Detroit Water Authority and began using the Flint River as their raw water source they unfortunately did not consider the potential impact on lead and copper corrosion and the impact on the public.

  • Oxelia™ Integrated Ozone Enhanced Biofilration Is Propelling Potable Reuse Projects Forward
    Oxelia™ Integrated Ozone Enhanced Biofilration Is Propelling Potable Reuse Projects Forward

    Potable Water professionals are seeking innovative approaches to address water supply challenges associated with population growth, drought, and environmental protection.

  • Carbon Dioxide For pH Control Of Landfill Leachate
    Carbon Dioxide For pH Control Of Landfill Leachate

    A landfill operator’s leachate treatment plant in Missouri required pH reduction following lime-softening and prior to the biological wastewater treatment process. Carbon dioxide (CO2) was chosen as a substitute for sulfuric acid due to improved process control and a reduced tendency to form scale.

  • AMA Managed Solution Improves Efficiencies And Customer Service
    AMA Managed Solution Improves Efficiencies And Customer Service

    When Chris Adcock became the Executive Director at the Pittsylvania County Service Authority (PCSA) in 2013, he found an aging water system. With customer service concerns and rising costs, Chris started his search for the best water metering solution and found the BEACON® Advanced Metering Analytics (AMA) managed solution from Badger Meter.

  • In-Situ Oxygenation System Enables Increase In Capacity For Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facility
    In-Situ Oxygenation System Enables Increase In Capacity For Municipal Wastewater Treatment Facility

    To increase capacity within the existing footprint of a wastewater treatment facility in Michigan, two existing tanks were converted to aeration tanks with pure-oxygen aeration provided by Praxair’s In-Situ Oxygenation (I-SOTM) System.

  • Following Ultrasonic Success, Master Meter Introduces Sonata
    Following Ultrasonic Success, Master Meter Introduces Sonata

    A common drive among inventors is the hope of building “a better mouse trap.” There may be products that satisfy their users every day, but are crying out for improvement. One company has found that opportunity in water meters, taking a technology that has worked in the industrial space and offering it for the first time for residential applications.

  • From Raw Lake Water To Excellent Filtrate Quality Suitable For Drinking Water
    From Raw Lake Water To Excellent Filtrate Quality Suitable For Drinking Water

    CH2M contacted Toray Membrane USA with an invitation to pilot our pressurized TIPS hollow fiber UF membrane module for the City of Sherman Texas 10 MGD Expansion Project. This document summarizes the findings of this pilot study program.

  • Siemens Is Doing Its Part In Maintaining Drinking Water Purity
    Siemens Is Doing Its Part In Maintaining Drinking Water Purity

    Lead in drinking water has become a very visible issue of considerable concern over the last few months.  While municipalities across America have been scrutinizing the quality of their drinking water, it should at least be some consolation that manufacturers of measurement instrumentation have taken serious steps to assure that they are not contributing to the problems that have been encountered.

  • AMERICAN Pipe And Valves Ensure Georgia Project Flows With Ease
    AMERICAN Pipe And Valves Ensure Georgia Project Flows With Ease

    The estimated $30-million West Side Loop 48-inch Replacement Project is one of three capital projects being conducted by the Cobb County-Marietta Water Authority to provide additional water to western Cobb County and Paulding County in Georgia. For the project, a 48-year-old, 36-inch pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipe (PCCP) that recently failed is being replaced with 48-inch ductile iron pipe.

More Drinking Water Case Studies and White Papers

DRINKING WATER APPLICATION NOTES

More Drinking Water Application Notes

DRINKING WATER PRODUCTS

Laser Level Transmitter LLT100 Laser Level Transmitter LLT100

The LLT100 is a high performance laser transmitter that accurately measures level, distance and position over short and long ranges. It is a non-contact, level measuring instrument designed for industrial applications and harsh environments.

Aquametrix 2250 Multi-Parameter Controller Aquametrix 2250 Multi-Parameter Controller

Designed to be the most flex­ible, easy to use, and easy to see multi-parameter controller on the market, the 2250 and 2250 TX excels in measuring Conductivity, pH, ORP or Flow.

SORB 07™ Nitrate Removal System SORB 07™ Nitrate Removal System

With more than 25 years of ion exchange treatment process experience, De Nora Water Technologies has designed the SORB 07™ nitrate removal system to treat nitrate (NO3) contamination in ground water supplies.

Vortisand For Membrane Pretreament: Not Just Protection! Vortisand For Membrane Pretreament: Not Just Protection!

Neptune Benson’s Vortisand is a high performance automatic backwashable cross-flow microsand filtration system that filters down to the submicron level; 10 to 50 times finer than other media filters. Vortisand combines a cross-flow condition and sand filtration in the same vessel to achieve high performance filtration results both in pre and post membrane applications.

SORB 09™ Fluoride Removal System SORB 09™ Fluoride Removal System

The SORB 09 system treats a wide range of water qualities at capacities ranging from 50 to 3,000 gpm. The SORB 09 system features a small footprint and enhanced operation as compared to conventional activated alumina adsorption systems.

Aqua ElectrOzone™ Ozone Generation System Aqua ElectrOzone™ Ozone Generation System

Ozone treatment for water and wastewater has been utilized successfully for several decades and continues to be a viable disinfection solution for both municipal and industrial plants, worldwide.

More Products

LATEST INSIGHTS ON DRINKING WATER

  • Use The Power Of Ultraviolet Light For Reuse Disinfection
    Use The Power Of Ultraviolet Light For Reuse Disinfection

    Reclaimed water system managers must provide their customers with water that is safe to use — free of pathogens and other contaminants. In addition, utilities face constant pressure to protect workers and the public from chemical hazards while reducing costs and increasing sustainability.

  • Filtering Through Industrial Operations
    Filtering Through Industrial Operations

    It is believed that the legendary Greek physician Hippocrates invented the first bag filter in 500 BC, using it to trap sediment and remove foul tastes and odors from water. Since then, we’ve taken leaps and bounds in our understanding of filtration and how to take specific particles out of water for its many uses.

  • A Smart Meter For An Industry In Flux
    A Smart Meter For An Industry In Flux

    Like most digital technology, the move from traditional to smart water meters seems like an inevitable step in the march towards progress. However, due to cost and regulatory concerns, many utilities have yet to make the transition.

  • How To Ensure Your Utility Complies With The LT2
    How To Ensure Your Utility Complies With The LT2

    The U.S. EPA’s Long Term 2 Enhanced Surface Water Treatment Rule (LT2) was adopted in 2006 to modify the Safe Drinking Water Act and more tightly control the spread of Cryptosporidium, a microorganism that can cause gastrointestinal infection if ingested. Since its inception, the rule has posed a treatment challenge to utilities that are susceptible to the tiny contaminant. But which utilities are at risk? And how should they approach treatment?

  • Preparing For Algae Season
    Preparing For Algae Season

    For water treatment operators and utility officials, the summer months don’t just mean sunshine, pool parties, and barbecues. The season also brings the peak time for algal blooms, the toxic clouds formed in surface water thanks to increased nutrient contamination and rising temperatures. With rising instances of toxic algae around the country and increased regulations for eliminating it, utilities have had to keep pace.

  • Down Under On Top: Lessons In Water Recycling From Australia
    Down Under On Top: Lessons In Water Recycling From Australia

    More than a decade before the U.S. West’s historic drought, Australia had to solve an even longer, drier spell. What can we learn from their experience?

More Drinking Water Features

DRINKING WATER VIDEOS

Expanded Version-Jason 3-Continuing Decades Of Ocean Surface Measurements

Did you know satellites can measure Earth’s oceans from space? The Jason-3 satellite, set to launch in July 2015, will collect critical sea surface height data, adding to a satellite data record going back to 1992.

People Drink Sewage Water For The First Time

Rather drink sewage water than LA tap water any day.

Kupferle Foundry - #9800i-GENESIS Turbine Powered Automatic Flushing Device With Chlorine Analyzer

The Eclipse i-Series model #9800i-GENESIS is the newest Intelligent Flushing & Monitoring Station Kupferle offers to maintain safe residual levels and remove DBPs from consumers' water. This permanently installed station incorporates a built-in chlorine analyzer to measure and record disinfectant residual levels based on a programmed sampling schedule.

NASA: Megadroughts Projected For American West NASA: Megadroughts Projected For American West

NASA scientists used tree rings to understand past droughts and climate models incorporating soil moisture data to estimate future drought risk in the 21st century.

Putting Drinking Water To The Test Putting Drinking Water To The Test

Appearing on The Weather Channel's "Wake Up With Al" morning show, water expert Dan Theobald puts drinking water to the test by measuring total dissolved solids (TDS) in tap water samples from Brooklyn, Manhattan, and New Jersey, as well as bottled water samples.

More Drinking Water Videos

ABOUT DRINKING WATER

In most developed countries, drinking water is regulated to ensure that it meets drinking water quality standards. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers these standards under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)

Drinking water considerations can be divided into three core areas of concern:

  1. Source water for a community’s drinking water supply
  2. Drinking water treatment of source water
  3. Distribution of treated drinking water to consumers

Drinking Water Sources

Source water access is imperative to human survival. Sources may include groundwater from aquifers, surface water from rivers and streams and seawater through a desalination process. Direct or indirect water reuse is also growing in popularity in communities with limited access to sources of traditional surface or groundwater. 

Source water scarcity is a growing concern as populations grow and move to warmer, less aqueous climates; climatic changes take place and industrial and agricultural processes compete with the public’s need for water. The scarcity of water supply and water conservation are major focuses of the American Water Works Association.

Drinking Water Treatment

Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used for contaminant removal and the removal of pathogens to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.

The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.

The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.

During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.

Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.

Drinking Water Distribution

Drinking water distribution involves the management of flow of the treated water to the consumer. By some estimates, up to 30% of treated water fails to reach the consumer. This water, often called non-revenue water, escapes from the distribution system through leaks in pipelines and joints, and in extreme cases through water main breaks.

A public water authority manages drinking water distribution through a network of pipes, pumps and valves and monitors that flow using flow, level and pressure measurement sensors and equipment.

Water meters and metering systems such as automatic meter reading (AMR) and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) allows a water utility to assess a consumer’s water use and charge them for the correct amount of water they have consumed.