Global Membrane Wastewater Treatment Market 2013 - 2019
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Wastewater is generated from various sources and processes such as industrial production on a daily basis and untreated wastewater could adversely affect the environment. Wastewater usually contains hazardous toxins bacteriological components, greases, oils, heavy metals, impurities from pharmaceuticals, nutrients, viruses, and other impurities.
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These pollutants can disturb ecosystem and lifecycle; if released to natural water sources. Biological treatment, membrane filtration, screening, chemical treatment and other techniques can be used to recover pure water from wastewater. Membrane wastewater treatment is a relatively long-term process and has low maintenance cost. It uses several filtration processes with different geometries to clean wastewater.
The membranes that are to be used in wastewater treatment can be of two types; i.e. isotropic membranes and anisotropic membranes. Membrane processes that are used to treat industrial and municipal wastewater are reverse-osmosis membrane (RO) process, micro-filtration membranes (MF) process, nano-filtration membrane (NF) process and ultra-filtration membranes (UF) process. Most of the RO, UF, NF and MF processes use synthetic-organic polymer membranes. Some examples of membranes used in MF and UF are poly-vinylidene fluoride (PVF), poly-acrylonitrile (PAN), poly-sulfone, Cellulose, poly-tetrafluroethylene (PTFE) and PAN-PVF copolymer. Some other materials used for RO include cellulose acetate and polysulfone coated polyamides. For NF it is cellulose acetate blends and polyamide composites. Other inorganic materials include ceramics and metals. On the basis of product type it has four modules such as spiral wound, tubular, plate and frame and hollow fiber membrane module.
Some of the factors driving this market are growing awareness towards water pollution and an increasing demand for clean water due to health concerns. However, the high installation cost of membrane filtration plant may restrict the market. Smart membrane filters for microbial sensing is expected future trend in this market. Koch Membrane Systems, Inc., Toray Industries, Inc., Pall Corporation, GE Water & Process Technologies and Siemens Water Technologies Corp. are some of the leading manufacturers in this market.