By Jim Dartez
Most small towns, all over the world, utilize lagoons for treating their wastewater. Many rural industries also utilize lagoons for storm-water and wastewater treatment. While industrial plants may be able to pay for activated sludge treatment of one design or another, small municipalities simply do not have a choice in treating their small populations’ wastes. If the town’s population is not growing, the costs imposed for maintaining a wastewater plant are just not viable on a rural community’s often-declining budget. The ongoing costs of trained personnel, electricity, and plant maintenance for a wastewater plant is just too high for communities with limited budgets.